Western Civilization HIST 101

Western Civilization
HIST 101

Project description
please respond to these discussion in human form with at least 6 to 7 sentences with facts and details and cite sources and links used and page numbers used.

Book is : The Western Heritage, Volume 1. 11th ed. Boston: Pearson Education, 2013.

The topic was : If you could choose to live in one of the two Greek poleis featured in your textbook (Athens or Sparta), which would you prefer, when and why? In making your decision, be sure to consider both the major differences between thesepoleis and the cultural and philosophical ideas that unite them into a single culture.
numbers 1 and 2 are from students please response to each per the above directions.

1. I would prefer Sparta over Athens for a few different reasons, mainly because of the differences in society. They had an extremely strong military, where training seemed like the number one priority whereas Athens seemed to be more peaceful. Boys went off at the age of 7 and were tied to the military until the age of 60 when they finally retired and were able to spend the rest of their time with their families. “The educational program extended to women, too, although they were not given military training” (pp 45). This really stuck out to me, because women had the right to education rather than staying in the dark so equality was big. In Athens they were called to stay at home. They also had a very traditional society. Another difference was found in the government; Athens had a strict democracy while Sparta was ruled by kings in two royal houses. Many Athens were enslaved, and their troubles were agricultural. Although Sparta seems to be a little harsh, they were the most powerful polis in Hellenic history according to our text.

Kagan, Donald, Steven Ozment, Frank M. Turner, and Alison Frank. The Western Heritage. Boston: Pearson, 2013. Print.

2. I would choose to live in Sparta in the sixth century B.C.E. The biggest reason being because women were educated and had more freedom then any other Greek woman. In Athens women did not have any rights or education. Although Athens had developed democracy it still did not benefit women, just men. Also in Sparta they had the ruling of two Kings which is unheard of. This means that it was not only one person making decisions. Also decision making was held to others as well, not only up to the kings. Sparta had support from its neighbors as well and they seemed more concerned with building their country rather then selfishly putting the countries livelihood at stake. Sparta also had a more organized structure for their country and had a powerful military. In my opinion, a strong military equals a powerful country. Although Athens did have its pros like their trading and their agriculture, whereas Sparta only had its agriculture and no trade. Sparta still had more of a laid back life style opposed to Athens and stress they went through with debts to the rich. The people in Athens would actually have to put their livestock and family as collateral. That sounds pretty depressing to me. Even though it was put to an end, this is just an example showing how much the aristocrats thought of their citizens.

Kagan, Ozment, Turner, Frank. The Western Heritage Vol1. Upper Saddle River NJ, 2013.

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