Post SOC101 Unit 6 Quiz

Subject: Sociology / General Sociology
Question
The most prevalent form of polygamy is __________. For example, government officials in Africa estimate that 20 percent of Zambian marriages today are this type.

polyandry

homogamy

polygyny

endogamy

Question 2

4 out of 4 points

In regards to the instruction in Japanese high schools for the college-bound, all of the following are TRUE, except

students are expected to be fluent in more than one language.

students often take challenging math and science courses several years before their U.S. counterparts.

students only focus on their native language, focusing on vocabulary and sentence construction.

students must be prepared for a variety of college entrance examinations.

Question 3

4 out of 4 points

The __________ refers to family units that are composed of relatives in addition to parents and children who live in the same household.

blended family

conventional family

extended family

nuclear family

Question 4

4 out of 4 points

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of single-parent households. What percentage of households in the US are maintained by single parents living with children under the age of 18?

7%

12%

25%

35%

Question 5

6 out of 6 points

The __________ is the family into which a person is born and in which early socialization usually takes place.

family of orientation

nuclear family

family of procreation

extended family

Question 6

4 out of 4 points

__________ is a legally recognized and/or socially approved arrangement between two or more individuals that carries certain rights and obligations and usually involves sexual activity.

Marriage

Cohabitation

Trial separation

Monogamous experimentation

Question 7

4 out of 4 points

According to sociologist George Ritzer, __________ can be thought of as a means of mass educational consumption that allows students to consume educational services and eventually obtain “goods” such as degrees and credentials.

digital divide

“consumerism”

“McUniversity”

“massism”

Question 8

4 out of 4 points

Students may learn information in school that contradicts beliefs held by their parents or their religion. Debates over the content of textbooks and library books typically center on information that parents deem unacceptable for their children. This illustrates which latent function of education?

social placement

matchmaking and production of social networks

restricting some activities

creation of a generation gap

Question 9

4 out of 4 points

__________ theorists believe that tracking seriously affects many students’ educational performances and their overall academic accomplishments. In elementary schools, tracking is often referred to as ability grouping and is based on the assumption that it is easier to teach a group of students who have similar abilities.

Functionalist

Conflict

Symbolic interactionist

Postmodernist

Question 10

4 out of 4 points

In __________ systems, inheritance of property and position usually is traced from the maternal uncle (mother’s brother) to his nephew (mother’s son) and, in some cases, mothers may pass on their property to daughters.

matricentric

matrilocal

matrilineal

matriarchal

Question 11

4 out of 4 points

Some purposes of education are ___________—open, stated, and intended goals or consequences of activities within an organization or institution.

latent functions

intrinsic functions

extrinsic functions

manifest functions

Question 12

0 out of 4 points

A teacher who believes (as a result of stereotypes based on the relationship between IQ and race) that some students of color are less capable of learning and treats them accordingly may contribute to

a self-fulfilling prophecy.

the labeling process.

tracking.

the hidden curriculum.

Question 13

0 out of 4 points

Education serves an important purpose in all societies. At the __________, people must acquire the basic knowledge and skills they need to survive in society.

mesolevel

macrolevel

tertiary level

microlevel

Question 14

4 out of 4 points

Through the __________, schools make working-class and poverty-level students aware that they will be expected to take orders from others, arrive at work punctually, follow bureaucratic rules, and experience high levels of boredom without complaining. Over time, these students may be disqualified from higher education and barred from obtaining the credentials necessary for well-paid occupations.

latent function of education

educational indoctrination

tracking system

hidden curriculum

Question 15

4 out of 4 points

According to the text, what are the latent functions of education?

Socialization, transmission or culture, multicultural education, social control, and social placement.

Restricting some activities, matchmaking and production of a social network, and creation of a generation gap.

Mass education

Citizenship education, socialization, and the “basics”

Question 16

0 out of 4 points

Education keeps students off the street and out of the full-time job market for a number of years, thus helping keep unemployment within reasonable bounds. This illustrates which latent function of education?

restricting some activities

matchmaking and production of social networks

creation of a generation gap

social placement

Question 17

4 out of 4 points

Residential patterns are interrelated with the authority structure and method of tracing descent in families. __________ residence refers to the custom of a married couple living in the same household (or community) as the husband’s family.

Patriarchal

Patrilocal

Patricentric

Patrilineal

Question 18

4 out of 4 points

The National Health and Social Life Survey, conducted by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago, reported all of the following findings, except

9 percent of the men said they had at least one homosexual encounter resulting in orgasm.

2.8 percent of the men and 1.4 percent of the women in this investigation identified themselves as gay or lesbian.

persons who engaged in extramarital sex found their activities to be less thrilling than those with a marital partner, but they also felt less guilt.

persons in sustained relationships such as marriage or cohabitation found sexual activity to be the most satisfying emotionally and physically.

Question 19

4 out of 4 points

__________ is learning that takes place within an academic setting such as a school, which has a planned instructional process and teachers who convey specific knowledge, skills, and thinking processes to students.

Formal education

Latent education

Informal education

Manifest education

Question 20

4 out of 4 points

Conflict explanations of family problems, such as high rates of divorce and overall family instability, focus on

how exploitation of the lower classes by the upper classes contributes to family problems.

the relationship between family troubles and changes in other social institutions, such as the economy, religion, and law.

the way in which definitions concerning family problems not only are socially constructed, but also have an effect on how people are treated.

diversity and fragmentation of families.

Question 21

6 out of 6 points

What constitutes a “family” has been widely debated. For many years, the standard sociological definition of family was

a social network of people based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption.

a group of people who are related to one another by bonds of blood, marriage, or adoption and who live together, form an economic unit and bear and raise children.

a group of people which consist of a husband and wife, children from previous marriages, and children (if any) from the new marriage.

a social network of people into which a person is born in and is composed of relatives, in addition to parents and children who live in the same household.

Question 22

0 out of 4 points

Parents and other relatives are responsible for teaching children the necessary knowledge and skills to survive. This statement refers to which of the following key functions that families serve?

Sexual regulation

Socialization

Economic and psychological support

Provisions of social status

Question 23

4 out of 4 points

According to the status dropout rate, about __________ of 16-to 24-year-olds were not enrolled in high school and had not earned a high school diploma or equivalent.

7000

356,000

1.5 million

3 million

Question 24

4 out of 4 points

In the United States, most people practice __________. They marry people who come from the same social class, racial/ethnic group, religious affiliation, and other categories considered important within their own social group.

exogamy

egalitarianism

heterogamy

endogamy

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