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Summer 2014 Biology 21 (Poffenroth) Humans and The Global Environment Writing Project
All deadlines are firm – No late papers will be accepted (150 Total Points)
Overview/Due Dates (All are due by 11:59pm PST)
Stage 1: Research Methods, Topic Choice, and Paper Outline Activity (20 points). Due June 11. No Late Assignments
Stage 2: Submit your rough draft to ETS Criterion (5 points – Credit/No Credit). Due June 13. No late assignments.
Stage 3: Blind Peer Review via PeerMark (20 points: must submit AND review the papers of TWO students in
our class in order to receive credit). Upload your draft by: June 17. PeerMark papers will be available
on: June 18. PeerMark papers must be reviewed by: June 20. – No late assignments.
Stage 4: Submit complete FINAL DRAFT to turnitin.com for faculty grading (100 points). Due June 27.
Stage 5: Peer Analysis and Reflection, In-Class Assignment (5 points). July 1.
Stage Details
Stage 1 (20 points): Research Methods and Outline (20 points)
Complete the Stage 1 worksheet found on Canvas. Submit this by the due date above. No late papers will be
accepted. You will submit this DIRECTLY THROUGH CANVAS. No need to submit Stage 1 to turnitin.com. All
instructions can be found on the worksheet. Stage 1 is where you will choose your topics.
Stage 2 (5 points): Submit your well-written draft to ETS Criterion (Credit/No Credit)
Once you have your topic approved in Stage 1, begin to write your draft. Please see the detailed instructions on how to
complete this Scientific Literature Review Paper at the end of this handout. Upload your rough draft to ETS Criterion by
going to: www.etscriterion.com and entering our class code: 5EYP - Y8U5 If you do not have an ETS Criterion account,
please enroll in a free account before trying to add into our class with the class code above. Review the comments made by
ETS Criterion. ETS Criterion is meant to assist you in finding mechanical mistakes. Please note, it is a machine and by no
means perfect. It will most likely mark correctly spelled scientific words as incorrect. That being said, it still has value in
finding mistakes a word processor may not. Use your discretion on addressing comments made by ETS Criterion. This draft
should be at least 500 words. It does not need to be fully complete. This can be a very rough draft. You are not required to
upload your literature cited section for Stage 2, unless you wish to do so. You may also upload any future drafts, as many
times as you wish, to ETS Criterion. Any uploaded drafts beyond the first one by the above due date is optional.
Stage 3 (20 points): You will upload a nearly complete draft to turnitin.com by the due date above. Then you will be given
(randomly and anonymously) two other student’s papers to review. You will read through your peer’s papers, make
suggestions for improvement and address the questions provided within the PeerMark interface. In order to receive credit for
this stage you must submit your paper and adequately review/comment on the two student’s papers you receive. Although
your peer will not know who reviewed their paper, I will. I have full access to everything that is written within turnitin.com
and who wrote it. Therefore, when making comments/suggestions you must maintain professional and supportive language at
all times. If any comments are made during the review processes that are deemed abusive or unprofessional, the originator of
the comments will receive a zero for this assignment. When reviewing your peer’s papers, provide constructive criticism, but
do it in a polite and supportive way. Again, abusive language will not be tolerated. If you receive comments from your
student reviewer that are unprofessional, please come see me immediately and we will work on it together. You must have
your two student papers reviewed on turnitin.com no later than review due date above. This draft should be between 10001500 words and contain your literature cited section for all works cited in your paper. Absolutely no late papers will
be accepted for this stage. Also, do not wait until the last minute to submit your paper to turnitin.com. Submit early to allow
buffer time for technology issues/user error.
Stage 4 (100 points): Submit your complete FINAL DRAFT to turnitin.com for faculty grading. Please see the RUBRIC file
for details on how your paper will be graded. No canvas copy needed. No hardcopy needed. The final draft must be at least
1500 words. Once papers are graded, they will be released via turnitin.com. You will receive an email once your paper is
ready. You must then sign into your turnitin.com account to review your comments and final grade. Please do not expect
graded papers back before the last week of lectures. Late papers up to 3 days will be accepted for this stage only at a penalty
of 10 points per day.
Stage 5 (5 points): Peer Analysis and Reflection, In-Class Assignment. This assignment will occur in class. You must be
present to complete this assignment and to earn the points associated with it. No makeups are available.

Writing Assignment Details
You must write a SCIENTIFIC, primary literature review paper based upon the topics you chose in your Stage 1
Activity. It should be an example of your best efforts at written communication. Part of your grade will be based on form,
style, and grammar, while the content of your report will carry the heaviest weight towards your grade. You will be turning
all written assignments into turnitin.com ONLY.
You will be able to see your originality report upon submission and you will have the option to resubmit your paper until the
due date. – No hardcopy is needed. Remember, this is a biology class and therefore your paper needs to include the biological
aspects of your chosen topics. Draw upon what we cover in lecture and lab to guide you. The grading rubric that will be used
to grade your final draft is available for you to view on Canvas.
To	
 Be	
 Addressed	
 in	
 Your	
 Writing	
 Assignment:	
 
The	
 vast	
 array	
 of	
 environmental	
 problems	
 we	
 are	
 currently	
 facing	
 knows	
 no	
 boundaries.	
 Borderlines	
 drawn	
 upon	
 a	
 
map	
 do	
 not	
 stop	
 pollution,	
 global	
 climate	
 change,	
 disease,	
 or	
 resource	
 depletion.	
 In	
 this	
 assignment	
 you	
 will	
 write	
 
your	
 paper	
 based	
 upon	
 topics	
 that	
 bring	
 together	
 global	
 environmental	
 issues	
 with	
 their	
 direct	
 impact	
 on	
 human	
 
health,	
 using	
 an	
 international	
 lens.	
 	
 
Using your chosen topics from Stage 1, address all of the following Questions A-D in your paper (order does not
mater. The order in which you address these will depend upon how you structure your paper) – Remember: This is a
biology class, so make sure your paper keeps that biological sciences focus (i.e. don’t make it an argument paper, an
opinion paper, or a humanities paper).
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Question A: The Science Behind Your Chosen Environmental Issue: Introduce the science/biology
behind your chosen environmental issue. How has science/biology directly impacted your topic (for better
or for worse)? Remember: This is a biology class – so you will need to make sure that you are covering your
topic’s biological aspects adequately.
Question B: The Ethics of Your Issue: Examine the ethical implications of this environmental problem on
human society. What groups of individuals does your chosen topic most greatly impact? Is the impact
different for developed nations versus developing nations? If so, how?
Question C: The Laws and Politics of Your Issue: Discuss the laws and/or politics that allowed this
problem to occur and allow it to continue today. How do laws and politics influence the science behind your
topic? Are there any laws/politics that prevent your global environmental issue from being addressed?
Question D: The Impact on Human Health: Correlate your chosen human health main topic to your
chosen global environmental sub-topic(s). Use specific examples (both from developed and developing
nations) to illustrate how they are connected. Cite all your sources of information. Compare your topic/issue
by finding examples from a developed nation and then compare/contrast with examples from a developing
nation. Are they similar or different?

Basic Format Requirements of the Paper:
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Minimum of 1500 words and a maximum of 2000 words. (Under 1500 and over 2000 words will have points
deducted).
Use 12pt. Times New Roman or Arial font, double-spaced, and word-processed.
You will need a total minimum of 7 peer reviewed journal articles. Fully cited within the body of your paper and at
the end in the literature cited section.
o Although you need 7 peer reviewed journal articles, you are not required to have any Internet or book
sources. There is no maximum number of references.
o As long as you have your minimum peer reviewed journals, you can cite all additional secondary sources that
have been published, no maximum.
o There is no min/max for books and you have a maximum of 3 reputable website sources.
o Use the CSE Name-Year style guide format for citations. See below for more information.

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No direct quotes. Paraphrase everything and cite your original sources.
Remove personal bias and do not include personal information. Do not use, “I, Me, My” statements.
Write in a scientific, professional tone. Do not use slang. Do not use an editorial, conversational, or argumentative
tone.
Use research and facts/data to support all of your main points. Do not include points that you cannot support with
reputable information. Unsubstantiated personal opinion does not belong in a scientific literature review paper.
Unoriginal percentage must be under 20% (this will account for common language and citations).
All references must be cited within the body of the paper AND at the end in the literature cited section.
All standard grammar and writing rules apply.
No images (no pictures or graphs).

The purpose of this assignment is to:
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)
5.)

Learn as much as you can about your topic
Evaluate the benefits and pitfalls of using a combination of primary and secondary sources (references).
Draw conclusions as an informed member of society.
Learn how to write a concise, grammatically correct, non-plagiarized review paper.
Learn from your mistakes by completing a draft and final version of your paper.

Please utilize the book Pechenik, Jan A. A short Guide to Writing About Biology 7th edition. and check out the SJSU
Writing Center http://www.sjsu.edu/writingcenter/ for additional help with general English writing structure and grammar.
This paper must have all the attributes of a well written SCIENTIFIC paper. This includes having good sentence structure,
excellent grammar and a logically, well thought out overall flow. Useful Note: all scientific species names (e.g. ‘Homo
sapiens’) are written in italics! This is a SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE REVIEW STYLE PAPER. NOT an opinion, creative,
essay or argument paper. Absolutely no direct quotes.
Additional notes on FORMAT (Use this format for your paper, no need to place headings or numbers in your finished
work):
1. Give your piece a short but informative title
2. Introduction: Introduce and describe your chosen topic, indicate the scope and give any history and/or background
information that is appropriate. (Cite literature)
3. Body: Include current information/research drawn from a wide array of primary/peer reviewed literature sources
and text. Develop your ideas sequentially. Talk about the impacts and effects of your chosen topic on wildlife/the
Environment and Humans. Does your chosen topic also have an impact on the human food supply? If so, how? (Cite
Literature)
4. Conclusion/Discussion: Pull together the information and ideas to make a coherent picture. Give some idea of the
importance of the topic and its role in the natural and human community (if applicable). Also, indicate what the future may
hold – is anything being done to combat the negative effects of your chosen topic? (Cite literature)
5. Literature cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions. All scientific names are in italics.
Literature cited section does not count toward your word requirement. You must cite all sources within the body of your
paper and at the end in this section. They must be in the format stated below.
NOTE: Always give credit for ALL information you have gained from someone else. If it did not come from your brain or is
not common knowledge, then you must cite your source. In science direct quotes are seldom used. Instead, information is
summarized and the sources indicated. Citations occur in the text in the following format (Author last name, year article
written) NOT as footnotes. DO NOT PUT DIRECT QUOTES FROM YOUR SOURCE. Turnitin.com will recognize
that as plagiarism and you will receive a zero on your paper. You must REPHRASE the information you have gathered. You
MUST follow the literature cited format as stated below. You must cite all your sources both within the body of the paper

AND at the end, in the Literature Cited section. Again, absolutely no direct quotes. Paraphrase the information you find in
your research into your own words. This is an activity to measure your skill in writing and research, not your skill in copy
and paste.
Citing Your References in CSE Name-Year Style
You MUST Use this format for your Literature citations within text (use ONLY this format):
(Single Author) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith 1982).
(Two Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones and Davis 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith
and Kirk 1982).
(More than 2 Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones et al. 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal
(Smith et al. 1982).
(Websites) Alligator lizards are active during the day (worldwildlifefund.org, 2008) while desert geckos are nocturnal
(nature.org 2008).
If you have used a reference multiple times within the same paragraph, you may cite your reference at the end of the last
sentence in your paragraph. Otherwise, cite your source at the end of the thought/idea of which you are using their
information.
These references are then included more fully in the Literature Cited section at the end of your report, in the following
format. If you have used the Latin abbreviation et al., (which is short for ‘et alia’, or ‘and others’) within the body of your
paper you MUST spell out each author’s name in the literature cited section.

Literature cited section: You MUST Use this format for your Literature Cited section (use ONLY this format; no extra
information is needed). Each individual citation is single spaced with a double space separating individual citations. No
hanging indents. All left justified. Alphabetized by last name of first author (or website). Do not include URL information for
peer reviewed articles you retrieved from an online database.
To cite a peer reviewed journal article in CSE Name-Year Format:
Jones, V.W. Smith, L.V., and Patel, M. 1984. Activity periods of alligator lizards. Journal of Lizard Research.
34(2):182-189.
To cite a book in CSE Name-Year Format:
Smith, I.M., Barlow, T.K., and Jerome, M.M. 1982. The Life of the Gecko. College of the Desert Press, Tucson.
333pp.
To cite a website in CSE Name-Year Format:
World Health Organization. Malarial mortality in Africa. 3 July 2001. http://www.who.int/rbm/Presentations.
[accessed 2003 May 5]
Your sources must be diverse! You must have Peer Reviewed, primary Journal literature sources. You may have NO
Wikipedia resources! If you use multiple pages from a single website, it is still considered just one website-one source. When
you access journals from the library through the Internet, these are considered NON-WEB resources because they are simply
electronic versions of printed media.

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Additional Requirements 

Min Pages: 3 
Max Pages: 4 
Level of Detail: Only answer needed 
Other Requirements: Cite in CSE format. 1500 words.