Valuation of Common Stocks, Principles of Risk Management, and Hedging, Insuring, and Diversifying
Assignment 3 Assignment 3 is due after you complete Lessons 9 to 11. It is worth 20% of your final grade. Prepare your responses to these assignment problems in a word processing file; put financial data in a spreadsheet file. As you complete the assignment problems for each lesson, add your responses to these files. Do not submit your answers for grading until you have completed all parts of Assignment 3. Note: In assignments, show all calculations to 4 decimal places. Lesson 9: Assignment Problems    9.1 The Constant-Growth-Rate Discounted Dividend Model, as described equation 9.5 on page 247, says that: P0 = D1 / (k – g) A. rearrange the terms to solve for: i. g; and ii.  D1. As an example, to solve for k, we would do the following: 1.  Multiply both sides by (k – g) to get: P0 (k – g) = D1 2.  Divide both sides by P0 by to get: (k – g) = D1 / P0 3.  Add g to both sides: k = D1 / P0 + g (8 marks)  9.2 Notation: Let Pn = Price at time n Dn = Dividend at time n Yn = Earnings in period n r = retention ratio = (Yn– Dn) / Yn = 1 – Dn/ Yn = 1 - dividend payout ratio En = Equity at the end of year n k = discount rate g = dividend growth rate = r x ROE ROE = Yn / En-1 for all n>0. We will further assume that k and ROE are constant, and that r and g are constant after the first dividend is paid.  A. Using the Discounted Dividend Model, calculate the price P0 if D1 = 20, k = .15, g = r x ROE = .8 x .15 = .12, and Y1 = 100 per share    B. What, then, will P5 be if: D6 = 20, k = .15, and g = r x ROE = .8 x .15 = .12?   C. If P5 = your result from part B, and assuming no dividends are paid until D6, what would be P0? P1? P2?   D. Again, assuming the facts from part B, what is the relationship between P2 and P1 (i.e., P2/P1)? Explain why this is the result.   E. If k = ROE, we can show that the price P0 doesn’t depend on r. To see this, let g = r x ROE, and ROE = Yn / En-1, and since r = (Yn – Dn) / Yn , then D1 = (1 – r) x Y1 and   P0...