Utilitarianism, Rights & Duties, Justice & Fairness

Subject: Business / General Business
Question
For each of the questions below, using the concepts – Utilitarianism, Rights & Duties, Justice & Fairness, and Virtue Ethics – please provide an argument against, or in support of the decisions made by the business organization. Your responses should be at least 1 – 2 pages each (double-spaced; one-inch margin) in length – not to exceed 6 total pages – and MUST include the individual elements outlined in the chapters. You should critically analyze each dilemma and provide a thorough and complete explanation of your recommendation. In addition to the reasoning and critical analysis that should be provided within your response, grammar, punctuation, and length will also be considered in awarding your grades.

QUESTION #1 – Dr. King’s Letter from a Birmingham Jail (20 pts.)

Based upon your reading of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Letter from A Birmingham Jail, please answer the following questions:

a. Explain Dr. King’s explanation of the role that “tension” plays in the achievement of social change.

b. How does Dr. King’s letter address the concepts of:

1) Rights

2) Duty

3) Justice

QUESTION #2 (20 pts.)

In the movie Unraveled, we witnessed Marc Drier’s journey to the highest levels of success within his profession as an attorney, and his ultimate demise and subsequent arrest and imprisonment. Please provide a brief summary of this journey while pointing out the basic ethical concepts that apply. Please respond in accordance with the Instructions above.

QUESTION #3 (30 pts.)

NFL – Domestic Violence Issue

In the recent past, the National Football League (NFL) was forced to address an issue of domestic violence when a video was released showing one of its star players apparently physically assaulting his then fiancée (now current wife) on a public elevator. The NFL has a policy against domestic violence, as well as a morality clause for all of its members. As a result, the NFL commissioner suspended this player indefinitely from all association with the NFL. His football team also suspended him. The player was not prosecuted nor found guilty of any particular crime by any law enforcement agency.

Prior to the incident, the player had a stellar reputation of community service in addition to being one of the NFL’s best players and leading running backs – including participation in the previous year’s Pro-Bowl. Additionally, this player previously signed a new multi-year, multi-million dollar contract with his team. The fan reaction was mixed – some wanted him to continue to play for the team. Others agreed with the punishment meted out by the organization; still others believe that more should have been done.

Analyze and discuss moral correctness or incorrectness of each position, in accordance with the “Instructions” above.

QUESTION #4 (30 pts.)

Ebola Virus in America

In 2014, in Africa, approximately 3,800 people were infected with the Ebola virus, of which approximately 1,800 died. It was anticipated that this amount would continue to grow exponentially unless more drastic measures were taken by outsiders to combat its growth. Several American doctors contracted the virus while assisting in Africa who were successfully treated. However, subsequently an individual returning from Africa to Dallas was found to have contracted the Ebola virus and died, as a direct result of the infection. Another person, in Washington D.C., was also in the hospital and believed to have contracted the virus while in Africa. These individuals, although their travel plans originated in Africa, actually traveled to several other countries (i.e. Belgium) en route to the U.S., ultimately arriving in Dallas and the District of Columbia.

It is believed that as long as the symptoms have not manifested themselves, the individuals are not a threat to others. Also, it has been explained that the virus is not airborne and cannot be transmitted unless by touching or sharing bodily fluids. Many U.S. citizens feared the potential for an epidemic outbreak in America and were calling for the closure of our borders to anyone traveling from Africa. Others believed that we are safe and that it is harmful to business and will be a potentially discriminatory practice, as well as a fundamental right to move freely throughout our country.

Analyze and discuss the moral correctness or incorrectness of each position, in accordance with the “Instructions” above.

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