Subject: Business    / Finance
Question

Toys for You, a manufacturing company, has been growing quickly but has found that its financial situation is continually under pressure. Production has fluctuated to meet demand in an attempt to provide first-class service, resulting in larger inventory positions. Also, the collection of accounts has worsened to approximately 60 days, which is well above the terms of 30 days. To address the financial concerns, Toys for You has proposed level production and an effort by the credit department to bring the average collection period down to 35 days.

Estimated sales for the upcoming months are:

July

$1,957,500
August

2,070,000

September

2,205,000

October

2,362,500

November

2,475,000

December

2,565,000

Sales for May were $1,732,500 and will be approximately $1,845,000 for the current month of June.

It is projected that the current collection period of 60 days will be reduced to 50 days for July and August, 42 days for September and October, and will meet the target of 35 days in November and December.

Purchases are forecast to be $585,000 a month beginning in July. In May they were $675,000, and in June they are expected to be $607,500. The purchases are paid in 40 days. Materials used per month beginning in July will be $744,000. Labor expense will be paid as incurred and will be $195,000 a month. Other expenses of manufacturing will also be paid as incurred and are expected to be $375,000 a month. Cost of goods sold has regularly been 70 percent of sales.

Depreciation is $38,000 per month. Selling and administrative expenses are expected to be 13 percent of sales.

There will be payments on notes of $675,000 in each of August and November. Interest of $270,000 and income taxes of $338,000 are both due in October. The tax rate is 40 percent. Dividends of $22,500 are payable in July and October.

-2-

TOYS FOR YOU

Balance Sheet (estimated)

June 30, 2010

($ thousands)

Assets:

Current assets:

Cash

$666.0

Accounts receivable

3,577.5

Inventory

8,231.0

Total current assets

12,474.5

Capital assets:

Plant and equipment

11,273.0

Less: Accumulated depreciation

4,784.0

6,489.0

Total assets

$18,963.5

Liabilities:

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$832.5

Notes payable

3,700.0

Accrued liabilities

2,596.0

Total current liabilities

7,128.5

Long-term debt

4,725.0

Total liabilities

11,853.50

Shareholders’ Equity:

Common stock

4,500.0

Retained earnings

2,610.0
Total shareholders’ equity

7,110.0
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$18,963.5

REQUIRED:

Using the information above, prepare pro-forma statements for Toys for You for the three months ending September and December 2010. Also construct a cash budget for the six-month period and identify any need for short-term financing. There are no changes in accounts not mentioned above. Comment on the policy changes and examine the consequences if the collection period remains at 60 days. Assume that capital assets are sufficient for increased sales.

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