COURSE
INSTRUCTOR
INSTITUTION DATE
TO WHAT EXTENT DOES RECESS HELP SCHOOL KIDS
Introduction
Recess is a word borrowed from Latin to mean going back retreat. In a school setting, the word recess is used to mean the break that kids take in a school day to go out and play on the school fields. Schools require money to facilitate physical education. Nevertheless, most states have cut funds used to fund the physical education. States rely much on the quality of its education, yet instead of raising funds for high-quality early childhood education by employing competent teachers and expanding school infrastructure, many of them are doing the opposite. The cutting off of funds degrades the quality of education, thus, raising an incompetent generation of employees and business people. In 2014, a survey shows that about thirty-one countries disbursed less state funding per student than they did in 2008. In about eighteen states local government funding went down at that time (London, Rebecca A. et al., 54). On the other hand, twenty-seven states had the local government funding rise although the rise could not make for the cuts made by the state government. Data for overall school funding for the current year 2016, does not exist, but the fact is that about twenty-five states provide less overall funding than in the year 2008. The issue of funding cut is debatable because of the importance that recess has on school kids which is too valuable to cut out (Gillespie, Amy, and Steve Graham, 456). The activities that are done during recess help in child development and the overall performance of children in school. Moreover, the kids can benefit from the recess by gaining confidence, identifying their talents and social skills. The children are also able to interact with other kids and gain experience in various activities, which boosts their brain development. The benefits of recess in schools kids are many which make recess to be vital as far as early education is concerned. Recess is important to school kids because it promotes the overall development of a kid, improves class performance and fosters social development.
Improves Academic Performance and Overall Classroom Behaviour
Every human being can benefit from a break because breaks that are taken in between work results to more effectiveness. Significantly, the breaks are more effective for kids than they are for adults. Kids learn better while taking breaks than under a long stretch of learning because of the immaturity of their brains and nervous system as well as the lack of experience that makes it difficult for them to focus for long hours (Ridgers, Nicola D et al., 133). Therefore, it is crucial for kids to take breaks so that their focus can be regained as the brain to recovers during recess. Recess is also advocated for because of its importance in reducing stress. The pressure that children face in school can affect their academic performance by reducing their enthusiasm to learning. Therefore, if children do not engage in physical activities it would be difficult to release them from pressure that is caused by the monotony of sitting and listening to the teacher for hours. The stress can also be caused by the classroom setup that do not give children freedom in that kids are restricted to some rules that govern their behavior. It is, therefore, only through recess that kids experience unstructured plays and activities that help them relieve stress. Moreover, the children enjoy taking control of everything around them during recess because no one expects anything from them and they are less punished in the playground. Recess is also very beneficial for hyperactive children because they can enjoy freedom to be messy, loud and unruly which also help relieve pressure (Ridgers, Nicola D et al., 135). Last but not least, natural light and vitamin D are vital as far academic performance is concerned because they help kids to relax and feel good as well as boost their immune system. It is therefore another reason that makes recess inevitable for school kids.
Although some theorists advocate cutting out recess as a good form of punishment, schools are strongly urged not to restrict children from playing as a way of punishment because of its benefits. Taking away the breaks from the kids’ daily routines is a poor punishment. Although, schools often use the method to punish kids because they are likely to develop better behavior to win their play time back, denying children the break will only increase behavioral issues since the children lack a chance to release the extra energy. A positive reinforcement that can be used is such as giving children who behave well and perform better a special recess award because it would encourage other kids to behave better and work harder.
Extreme high or low temperature can force schools to keep children indoors for a long time. The limitations do not have to block the children from having recess because it can still take place even during winter season. The low temperatures induce inactiveness which lowers kids’ attention in class as well as academic performance (Huberty, Jennifer L. et al., 390). A solution can be adopted since schools have an option to create playing spaces for kids inside the classrooms. Although most teachers claim that indoor recess is not as beneficial as the outdoor recess, it is preferable to have it than none at all (London, Rebecca A. et al., 59). The indoor recess can be created by allowing kids to play inside big classrooms or halls. For example, kids can play with balls where they toss them without talking. An empty class can be set for recess where classes can rotate so that they can all get to have time for recess away from their desks. Recess during winter enables kids to be warm, eat healthily and fall asleep easily. Children who can withstand cold weather can be dressed warmly and allowed to play outside for a short time. Parents should also know that there is nothing like bad weather but bad clothing. Quiet indoor recess should be avoided as it would not help the children burn enough energy which would cause behavioural issues that lower performance.
Child Development
Child development is one of the key benefits of recess because learning with play boosts the energy of a kid by activating the brain and the nervous system. Physical activities increase the capacity of blood vessels in the brain which enhances the delivery of oxygen, water, and glucose in the brain, therefore, increasing productivity. Secondly, the outdoor activities help the kids to establish healthy connections with parents, teachers and among themselves. The good relationships created have been found to have positive impacts on child development because the kid can freely approach a parent or a teacher and get assisted in managing pressures that come with learning and school experiences. Recess, therefore, remains of great significance because it helps the child to gain confidence and courage to handle various situations in childhood. When a child is denied recess he or she would not find time to play or interact and therefore not acquire the qualities.
Other than the personal qualities, recess enables children to understand the importance of physical education. Firstly, it helps kids to develop both mental and physical abilities because activation of the body helps to improve the child’s memory, intellectual capability and attention among other factors (Haapala, H. L. et al., 843). Recess is also very applicable in exposing a child to the outside world. This is because the knowledge and experience children get from interacting with other people help them to develop courage and ability to solve problems as well as make decisions and, therefore, preparing them for adulthood. Last but not least, it is only through recess that children get the opportunity to develop leadership skills as they instruct and teach others about new games and tricks.
The health of a child is very significant to his or her overall growth and development. Children who have diabetes and other lifestyle diseases should not evade physical activities because of the benefits they can acquire from the exercises. Nevertheless, even the kids with healthy weights require the exercises to maintain a good weight all their lives. Outdoor activities are the best in burning calories because an hour of physical activities a day plays a valuable role in preventing and treating obesity. Other than obesity, physical activities are helpful for the heart. Substantially, children who are very active in school are more likely to be active at home and elsewhere (Gillespie, Amy, and Steve Graham, 454). Moreover, if a child does not get time to play in school, he cannot compensate the play time after school. Last but not least, recess when placed before lunch time, has been found to improve the nutritional behavior of kids because it increases the rate of digestion and boosts appetite. On the other hand, inactive kids have bad nutritional behavior because of the bad flow of blood in the brain which affects various biological mechanisms such as digestion.
Social Development and Language Development
The interaction on the playgrounds plays a major role in language and social development. Social and language development are directly dependent on each other in that children will learn to communicate through interactions, and on the other hand, a child will develops socially through communicating (London, Rebecca A. et al., 57). Language development is achieved mainly as the children play because they use language to control the playground and the games as they unfold.
Challenges of life begin in elementary school where the kids are faced with situations and tribulations that call for problem-solving techniques and making decisions. The social time in school makes it possible for kids to share their experiences among themselves and put the problems into perspectives. The recess also helps the kids to grow socially by realizing that teachers were just regular people when the teachers laugh and joke in the fields. Regarding this, children have been found to love their teachers in the playground because they appear less formal than they are in classrooms. In fact, children have been reported looking forward to going to school because of the time that is given to them to play with kids and teachers (Haapala, H. L. et al.,842).
The recess also acts as a novelty (Huberty, Jennifer L. et al., 390). After a long time of learning, kids look forward to experiencing newness which can only be found in another environment other than the classroom. The playground, therefore, provides the newness. On the other hand, after a long time of play, the kids get bored and require another novelty which is the classroom. Therefore, once they get back to class, they can concentrate better and comprehend. In addition, it only after recess that kids will rarely fall asleep in the classroom.
Last but not least, recess is vital in helping kids to develop and showcase their social skills. Children get to learn how to understand and handle emotions as well as how to react to various situations. The children also learn to interact and understand each other languages and non-verbal communications. Recess, thus, plays a significant role not only in physical and cognitive development but also in social development.
Conclusion (200)
Recess is the break that kids are given at school in between classes. In 2014, about thirty-one states provided state funding that was less that it was in 2008. Some states have increased the local government funding, although it cannot compensate for the state funding. Although current data is not present about school funding for 2016, the fact remains that state funding is less that it was in 2008. The budget cut will result to poor education in early education. The issues are debatable because physical education has many benefits to school kids. Recess has to a great extent boosted academic performance, child development, health, language development and social development among many other areas (Huberty, Jennifer L. et al., 390). The physical activities help to burn calories enhancing the well-being of kids especially those who suffer from diabetes and obesity. It has been found that sixty minutes of play can reduce and heal kids from obesity. The children who have a good weight also need to play to maintain the weight. Recess also helps in child development. The outdoor activities activate the brain, enhancing cognitive abilities, development of social skills as well as physical growth. The recess time also helps kids to exercise social competencies and establish good relationships with teachers and other kids. The social experiences the kids get help to expose them to the outside world. Therefore, the kids can deal with emotions, challenges, and tribulations. Kids develop good behavior when they are allowed to play. Recess also brings newness which kills boredom. Therefore, after recess, kids can concentrate better and focus because the mind recovers. The activation of the brain also reduces chances of kids sleeping in class. The extra energy used in the playground reduces behavioral issues among kids. Last but not least, indoor recess is important during extreme weather conditions. Children do not have to stay inactive because classrooms can be turned into playrooms. When children are allowed to play in empty halls, they play more. Therefore, seasons such as winter do not have to be inactive seasons for kids anymore.

Work cited
Gillespie, Amy, and Steve Graham. “A Meta-Analysis Of Writing Interventions For Students With Learning Disabilities”. Exceptional Children, vol 80, no. 4, 2014, pp. 454-473. SAGE Publications, doi:10.1177/0014402914527238.
Haapala, H. L. et al. “Adolescents’ Physical Activity At Recess And Actions To Promote A Physically Active School Day In Four Finnish Schools”. Health Education Research, vol 29, no. 5, 2014, pp. 840-852. Oxford University Press (OUP), doi:10.1093/her/cyu030.
Huberty, Jennifer L. et al. “Effects Of Ready For Recess, An Environmental Intervention, On Physical Activity In Third-Through Sixth-Grade Children”. Journal Of Physical Activity And Health, vol 11, no. 2, 2014, pp. 384-395. Human Kinetics, doi:10.1123/jpah.2012-0061.
London, Rebecca A. et al. “Playing Fair: The Contribution Of High-Functioning Recess To Overall School Climate In Low-Income Elementary Schools”. Journal Of School Health, vol 85, no. 1, 2014, pp. 53-60. Wiley-Blackwell, doi:10.1111/josh.12216.
Ridgers, Nicola D et al. “Non-Overweight And Overweight Children’S Physical Activity During School Recess”. Health Education Journal, vol 73, no. 2, 2014, pp. 129-136. SAGE Publications, doi:10.1177/0017896912471032.