This is for week seven and eights test 13-14-15-16

textbook life by design , by Detwiler Mitchell, Reichenback
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BIOL 101

STUDY GUIDE – QUIZ 13
Tasks:

Resources:

Quiz Preparation
Tasks:

Life by Design

Text
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Describe Leonardo da Vinci’s view of living
things and their source or origin.
List some observations Charles Darwin made
while reading and voyaging the world.

Contrast the terms “microevolution” and
“macroevolution”

Explain how Darwin interpreted the observations
he made

Describe Charles Darwin’s view of the species
and how whole species originated.

List some Features of Enlightenment Thinking

Describe the physical size, genome size and
medical importance of Mycoplasma genitalium

Explain how the same sequence of DNA can be
used to code for two different proteins.

Explain how M. genitalium can adhere to a
variety of different human host surfaces.

Compare alleged early earth atmospheric gases
as proposed by Miller and Urey and as
discovered on planet Venus

Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Art”, text
Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Accident”
, text +
Figures
Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Accident”
, text +
Figures
Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Accident”
, first
Table
Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Accident”
, text +
Figures
Ch 13.1
“Life as
Ultimate
Accident”
, second
Table
Ch 13.2,
“Evolutio
n’s First
Goal…”
early text
+ Figures
Ch 13.2,
“Evolutio
n’s First
Goal…”
later text
+ Figures
Ch 13.2,
“Evolutio
n’s First
Goal…”
late text +
Figures
Ch 13.2
“Evolutio
n’s
Starting…
.” early
text +
Table.

“Reading &
Study” in
module/week:
Blackboard
Course Site
Presentation

Other Online Sites

Video/URL**
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=J9xUL5Yi_8M&list=PL2254DD3E7B28C572 (love this video)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03YKT7ytJdE (“evolution” here
refers to what we call micro-evolution.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZsrTID2mCs (much info on a new satellite hoped to reveal more regarding Venus’ atmosphere.) Page 1 of 3 BIOL 101 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Explain the major problem facing origin of life speculations that involve geothermal vent substances. List the advantages and problems associated with viewing RNA as the original site of information storage in the primitive cell. Describe the problems associated with originating a system in which RNA bases code for amino acids. Restate the problem early cells would have had in spatially placing protein products of genes so that they function adequately within the cell. Restate Francis Crick’s theory of directed panspermia and explain why he developed this theory. Describe an evolutionary model for the origin of flight in vertebrates. Review the component structures and their roles in the primary flight feather. Explain the necessity of preening behavior to the continued ability to fly successfully. Describe how keratin protein optimally supports feather structure and ultimately flight. Review the series of structures that appear during the formation of a primary flight feather. Describe the series of events in feather development that results in the generation of barbs and barbules. List five basic evolutionary advances needed to convert a down-like feather into a primary flight feather. Describe the sort of mutational changes necessary in feather regulatory gene DNA in order to evolve working flight feathers. Ch 13.2 “Evolutio n’s Starting… .” late text + Figures. Ch 13.2 “Evolutio n’s Highest… ” early text + Figures Ch 13.2 “Evolutio n’s Highest… ” later text + Figure Ch 13.2 “Evolutio n’s Final…” early text + Figures Ch 13.2 “Evolutio n’s Final…” early text + Figure Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” early text + Figures Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figures Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “The Gap to Be…” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap I: ….” early text + Figure http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XotF9fzo4Vo (nice intro to what a geothermal vent is like) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rFHtVRKoaUM (ditto) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLeWh8Df3k8 (first 2.0 minutes) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewg9kIG_8Ek (start at 1:19:00, listen to 1:23:10) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2h_z-jgovug (this gentleman restates Crick’s theory and adds some ideas of his own. (He’s wrong on “junk DNA”)). http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=L6kViYeDcmA&list=PL247Ji4StZuLHgtN0-xGGoZFeVEEUXJ_S (an evolutionary story that connects fossils in a sequence, but does not explain how mutations produced a feather.) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FNfM0AD4xk (primary flight feather structure is covered at about 1.0 minute) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lhU-4NT3hs (view at about 3.0 minutes) Page 2 of 3 BIOL 101 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Explain why mutational events are unlikely to create new DNA sequences that now perform a new needed function. List a few research studies in which fruitless searches for new genetic information were made. List some new mutations needed to generate appropriate structuring for flight feathers. Distinguish the roles that mutation and natural selection play in the evolutionary process. List and describe several features of natural selection that limit its effectiveness in preserving new favorable mutations. Explain what is meant by saying that natural selection is an “expensive” process. Define the phrase “selection pressure” and explain the significance of variations in that pressure. Describe the potential effect of environmental change on the process of natural selection. Explain the meaning of the phrase: “natural selection is cybernetically blind”. Evaluate the naturalistic hypothesis for its value in explaining the origins of new structures like the flight feather. Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap I: ….” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap I: ….” later text + Figure Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap I: ….” late text + Figure Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” early text Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” text + Figures Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” text + Figures Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” later text + Figures Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” late text + Figures Ch 13.3, “Bridging the Gap II: ….” late text + Figures Ch 13.3, “Evaluati on of the ….” text
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fvhk4H-3Z5g (loved it!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ewg9kIG_8Ek (17:00 through 23:00) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_P5YFVU6q4 (start at 34:25, run to 42:46 ** Most videos can be found at: http://www.youtube.com/user/DrCharlesDetwiler in the Play List under their appropriate textbook chapter. Page 3 of 3 Study_Guide_-_Quiz_14.docx Download Attachment This is an unformatted preview. Please download the attached document for the original format. BIOL 101 STUDY GUIDE – QUIZ 14 Tasks: Resources: Quiz Preparation Tasks: Life by Design Text 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Define the phrases “sedimentary rock” and “index fossils”. Explain the meaning of the phrase “Cambrian Explosion”. Explain the largest problem associated with evolving insects from sponges during a 5 million year time period. Describe how evolutionists have explained the apparent Cambrian explosion. Distinguish organs that are analogous to each other from organs that are homologous to each other. Explain the meaning of the term “homologous” in the context of Darwin’s theory. Describe the structure and function of a homeobox gene and its gene product. Explain what controls whether a homeobox gene is transcribed or not. Describe the distribution of homeobox genes in the living world. Explain the challenge natural selection faces in creating a limb for an organism. Ch 13.4, “The Cambrian Explosion ” early text Ch 13.4, “The Cambrian Explosion ” later text Ch 13.4, “The Cambrian Explosion ” late text + Table Ch 13.4, “The Cambrian Explosion ” late text Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” early text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” early text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence “Reading & Study” in module/week: Blackboard Course Site Presentation Other Online Sites Video/URL** http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bqQbqpima-c (Meyer)
A Visit with Louis Agassiz http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKPSgFrIEU&list=PLR8eQzfCOiS2RPQAPifs6t__mIAqITpYy (natural selection gets little help from mutation.) Page 1 of 3 BIOL 101 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Review the problem that the Cambrian explosion creates for the evolution of homeobox genes and the developmental pathways they specify. List the sorts of mutational changes required to evolve a vertebrate fin or arm from a primitive leg. Describe how both the theist and the naturalist come to the conclusion that most mutations occurring today are harmful. List three classes of mutations and describe the effect each class has on the evolutionary process. Give two possible definitions for a beneficial mutation. Define the phrase stabilizing selection and describe its role in relation to mutations occurring in a natural population. Explain one important value that disruptive selection can have to a natural population. Define directional selection and explain the effect it has on the distribution of phenotypes in a given population. Explain how a prolonged process of directional selection results in population weakness and sterility. State a major limitation in all real natural populations that prevents the potential power of directional selection from being demonstrated. List three stages of life history implied in the early pages of the Genesis record. for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.4, “The Evidence for Hom…..” later text + Figures Ch 13.5, “Mutation s Harm…” early text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Mutation s Harm…” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Mutation s Harm…” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “What Does Nature Select?” early text + Figure Ch 13.5, “What Does Nature Select?” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “What Does Nature Select?” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “What Does Nature Select?” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “What Does Nature Select?” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Adding in….” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkE0SjtQ4rU (The creators of this video deal well with the major limitation in real populations; they then give credit to “Allah”. This disappoints me, but their observations remain valuable nonetheless…. Page 2 of 3 BIOL 101 22 23 24 Explain how Romans 8 and naturalistic evolution differ in their view of the adaptation of living things as we go forward in time. Explain why stabilizing selection is unable to completely prevent genomic decline in modern populations. Describe how speciation can be a deteriorative process rather than a creative one. early text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Adding in….” early text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Adding in….” later text + Figure Ch 13.5, “Adding in….” late text + Figure
** Most videos can be found at: http://www.youtube.com/user/DrCharlesDetwiler in the Play List under their appropriate textbook chapter. Page 3 of 3