Question
PartI: True/FalseQuestions

Question1:

Theterm”watershed”meansaridgeorcrest lineseparatingtwodrainage basins.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image001.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question2:

Thefragmentationoffederalresourcemanagementpolicieswasnever identifiedasoneofthemost chronic impedimentstowatershed planningand managementefforts.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question3:

Inawatershedmanagementplanningprocess,aQualityAssuranceandQualityControlmanualmust bedevelopedand followedbyallpartiesinvolvedexceptvolunteers(e.g. schoolchildren)whohelpin collectingwatersheddata.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question4:

Atypicalwatershedmanagementapproachinvolvesidentifyingproblemsinthewatershed, coordinatingactivitieswithother stakeholders,measuringsuccessthroughefficientmonitoringand evaluation,and developingincreasedpublicinvolvementbeyondgeographicalboundaries.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question5:

Sustainabilitygenerallymeansviewingeconomic,environmental,and social valuesascomplementary andinterdependent,andworkingtosustainonlytheenvironmentalvaluesovertime.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question6:

Sedimentsupplycan beamajorfactorindeterminingchannelmorphology,whichinturndetermines many oftheprimaryphysicalandbiologicalcharacteristicsofariver.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question7: Thehydrologic effectsofurbanizationareassevereastimberharvestingoragriculturalactivities.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question8: Adaptivemanagementinvolvesmanaginganentiresystemofecologicalresourcesforsustainability.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question9:

Awatershedmanagementapproachgenerallyattempts toreducethevariationofhydrologicregimes andtheirassociatedcharacteristicsoftiming,duration,frequency,and rateofchange.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question10:

Asawatershedmanagementplanner,itisa wasteoftimeandscarceresourcestocreateafavorable environmentwherebystakeholdersarefreeand allowedtoaskquestionsaboutwatershedprojects thatimpactthem.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question11:

Awatershedmanagementapproachthateffectively involvesstakeholders,entailsanexperimental approachtowatershedmanagementinthesensethatparticipantsmust beprepared tolearnfrom theirmistakesandtoadapttheirmanagementstrategiestochangingconditions.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question12:

Stakeholderinvolvementisadesirableand essentialcomponentofanywatershedplanningand management.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question13:

Regardlessofthewayslopeisexpressed,knowingthegeneralslopesof streamsand areasofyour watershed,willprovideagood indicationofwatershedprocessesand management alternatives.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question14:

Inawatershedmanagementapproach,goalsand objectivesmust beestablishedearlyinthe watershedassessmentandplanningprocessandmust notbechangedevenwhen newinformation and/orproblemsareuncovered.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question15:

Aslongasstakeholdersareinvolved,watershedmanagementplansdonothavetoconsiderexisting laws,regulations,andother institutionsthatmayconstrainorfacilitatewatershedmanagement components.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question16:

EffluentTrading isaprocesswherebyifone pollutantsourcecannotmeetestablishedload requirements,theregulatoryagency(e.g.EPA)reducestheloadrequirements,limits,orstandardsso thatallpollutantsourcesare incompliancewiththelaw.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question17:

Awatershedmanagementapproachisanapproachtoresource(e.g. water) restoration,protection andmanagementthatenablesindividuals,groups,and institutionswithastakeinwatershed managementoutcomes toparticipateinidentifyingand addressinglocalissuesthataffectorare affectedbywatershedfunctions.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question18:

TotalMaximumDailyLoad(TMDL)isthecalculationofthemaximumquantityofapollutantthata waterbodycan receiveand stillsafely meetdesignatedwater qualitystandardsanduses.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question19:

Inawatershedmanagementapproach,professionalresourcemanagersareconsideredasexperts whoareuniquelyqualifiedtoidentifyand implementallwatershedmanagementstrategies.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question20:

QualityAssurancereferstothechecks,balances,reviews,andanalysisof thedataand finalreportsto ensurethattheyareaccurateand true.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gif”>TrueorFalse

Question21:

Eutrophication,whichiscausedbyover-enrichmentwithnutrients,isawidespreadprobleminrivers, lakes,estuaries,andcoastaloceans.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image005.gif”>TrueorFalse

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image006.gif”>PartII: MultipleChoiceQuestions

Chooseeither A,B,C,orD

Question22: Characteristicsofawatershedmanagementapproachinclude:

A. CleanWater Actsection404permitsand regulations.

B. Economicdevelopment,improvedecosystemfunction,and stakeholderinvolvement.

C. Geographicfocus, soundmanagementtechniques,and stakeholderinvolvement.

D. Data management,volunteermonitoring,educationandoutreach.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question23:

Thefollowingstatement isnotacharacteristicofawatershedmanagementapproachwhere stakeholdersareinvolved:

A. Therolesand relationshipsofresourcemanagersandstakeholderschangewithtime.

B. Watershedmanagementrecognizes theinterconnectednessofallthephysicaland biological componentsofthe watershed,includinghumancommunities.

C. Watershedmanagemententailsstakeholderinvolvementwithinpoliticalboundaries.

D. Watershedmanagementintegratesscientificinformationandsocietalvalues.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question24:

Thefollowingmust beconsideredwhen identifyingproblems/concernsand developingobjectivesina watershedmanagementplan:

A. Tosavetimeand money,noteveryonewithastakeinthe watershed must beinvolvedrightfrom the beginning.

B. Thegroup willgoback andforthbetweenidentifyingconcerns/problems,seekingand analyzing data,andestablishingobjectives.

C. Allwatershedconcernsarebasedonscienceand must beaddressedby thegroup.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question25:

Whichofthefollowingchallengesisnottrueaboutawatershedmanagementapproachwhere stakeholdersareinvolved?

A. Some keystakeholdersmaylackthetime,motivation,skills,orresourcestoparticipateeffectively throughoutthemanagementplanningprocess.

B. Resourcemanagementprofessionalsarealwaysreadyandwillingtogiveuptheirroleasexperts andtoshareauthoritywithlaypersonsregarding naturalresourcemanagementissues.

C. Conflictsbetweenstakeholdersovermanagement goalsand themeanstoaccomplishthosegoals areinevitable.

D. Stakeholder-basedapproachesrequiretimeand resources togenerateinterestandtobuild relationshipsbetweenstakeholders.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question26: Awatershed managementplancan beeffectivelyimplementif:

A. Therearenoenvironmentalgroupsand largeinfluentialcorporationsinthewatershed.

B. Keystakeholdersareinvolvedbasedontheirconvenience.

C. Keystakeholdershavetheresourcesand oversightofthe plan.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question27:

Whichofthefollowingstatementswasnever recognizedasan issuebythe NationalResearchCouncil duringtheevaluationoftheTotalMaximumDailyLoadprogram?

A. Focusonimprovingtheconditionofwater bodiesasmeasuredbytheattainmentofdesignated uses.

B. Addressallstressorsthatdeterminetheconditionofawaterbody.

C. Recognizethatscientificuncertaintycannotbeentirelyeliminated.

D. Encouragestakeholderparticipationwithinthepoliticalboundariesofstates.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question28: Whichofthefollowingisnotanenvironmentalbenefitofwatershed managementplanning?

A. Enablesmoreefficientmanagementofwetlandpermittingprograms.

B. Protectswildlifehabitat.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>C. Improvesqualityofdrinkingwater and recreationaluse.D. Controlsfloodingbyrestoringriparianandwetlandareas. A,B,C,orD:

Question29: PhaseIoftheFederalCleanWater Act(technologybased):

A. Requiresdeveloperswhodisturb constructionsites of1to5acrestoapplyforadischargepermit.

B. ProhibitsdischargeofanypollutanttoU.S.watersfromapointsource.

C. ProhibitsdischargeofanypollutanttoU.S.watersfromanon-pointsource.

D. ProhibitsdischargeofanypollutanttoU.S.watersfromapointsourceunlessdischargeis authorizedbyanNPDES permit.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image004.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question30: Whyiswetlandmitigationbanking advantageous?

A. Reducesuncertaintyoverwhetherthemitigationwillbesuccessfulinoffsettingprojectimpacts.

B. Reducespermitprocessingtimesandprovidesmorecost-effectivemitigationopportunities.

C. Enablesthe efficientuse oflimitedregulatory agencyresourcesinthereviewandcompliance monitoringofmitigationprojectsbecauseofconsolidation.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question31: According totheFederalCleanWater Act,Water qualitystandards:

A. Havedesignatedusesand conditionssupportingtheuses.

B. Determinetowhatdegree awaterbodymayincurdegradationwithoutjeopardizingexistinguses.

C. Areestablishedthroughgovernmentstipulationandapolicyofminimaldegradation.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question32:

AsanapplicantforadredgeandfillpermitfromtheU.S.ArmyCorps ofEngineers,totheextent practicable,youdonotneed toshowthatyouhave:

A. Providedcompensatorymitigationforanyunavoidableimpacts.

B. Enoughresourcestomanagestormwateratthesite.

C. Takenstepstoavoidwetlandimpacts.

D. Minimizedpotentialimpactsonwetlands.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question33:

Whichofthefollowingfactorsshouldyouconsiderwhen collectingorgeneratingaccurateinformation (thatyoucan use tomake asound,science-baseddecision)aboutthelevelofcontaminationinthe environment?

A. Thequalityand appropriatenessofthelaboratory analysis.

B. Theappropriatenessand accuracyofthesamplecollectionandhandlingmethod.

C. Therepresentativenessofthe datawithrespecttotheobjectiveofthestudy.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question34: Inwatershed management,theteamleader/coordinatormust educate allstakeholders:

A. Toreducethetimebetweenactionsand resultsofthewatershedproject.

B. Toincreaseawareness, participationand elicitbehaviorchangesinsomestakeholders.

C. Tomeetpoliticalandcongressionalrequirements.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question35: Nonpoint sourcepollutants(such assediments,phosphorusand nitrogen)are:

A. Themajorsources ofwaterpollutionintheU.S.today.

B. Relativelysimpletomeasure,monitorand regulate.

C. Lessimportantthan siltationcausedbyerosion fromagricultural,logging,and constructionsites.

D. A,B,and Cabove.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

Question36: Asignificantimpedimenttotheuse ofeffluentpermittrading systemis:

A. ArequirementoftheFederalCleanWaterActthatallexisting,expanding,and newfacilitiesmeet allapplicabletechnology-basedrequirements.

B. Therealizationthateffluentpermittradingwilleventuallyallowtotalpollutantlevelstoincrease.

C. ThefactthattheFederalClean Waterdoesnotauthorizepermit-tradingsystems.

D. Lackofpenaltiesforviolators.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image003.gif”>.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image006.gif”>A,B,C,orD:

PartIII:Pleasewriteyouranswersinthespacesprovidedbeloweachquestion. Fullyexplainallyouranswers (nolisting). Makesurethatyouranswers fitinthespacesprovided.

Question37:

Stakeholdermanagementgenerallycomprisesofstakeholderanalysisand stakeholder planning. Describethreestepsyouwoulduse duringstakeholderanalysisforawatershedmanagementproject

i.

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image007.gif”>ii.

iii.

Question38:

TheDataQualityObjectivesprocessdevelopedbytheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgency, isused toestablishperformanceoracceptancecriteria,whichserveasthebasisfordesigningaplanfor collectingdataofsufficientqualityand quantitytosupportthegoalsofastudy. Describeseven steps oftheDQOprocess

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image008.gif”>i.ii.iii.iv.

v.

vi.

vii.

Question39:

Whatisthedifferencebetweentechnology-basedand waterquality-basedstandards?

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image009.gif”>

(i).

(ii).

.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image010.gif”>.0/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image011.gif”>Question40:

Whatisthedifferencebetweenpriorappropriationdoctrine(appropriationdoctrine)andriparianwater rights?

i.

ii.