Categorize the various levels, as well as the evolution of steps, in the joint public-private responsibility structure of the U.S. health care service. Compare the pros and cons of public and private roles played in promoting health care, in terms of state and federal funding, in a time of threats from bioterrorism and disease-resistant pathogens. •Analyze the pros and cons of ambulatory services, as compared to using larger hospitals for emergency health services. Also, from an economic standpoint, compare the use of private versus public hospital accommodations. Compare management practices in both small ambulatory services and large group type Hospital Management Organizations (HMOs).