SOC 201-Which of the following is NOT true regarding the nature of bureaucracies

Subject: General Questions    / General General Questions

1.. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the nature of bureaucracies?

a. Max Weber thought of them as an “iron cage.”

b. They are organized in a way that breaks down hierarchies of management so that allmembers feel a sense of equality with one another

.c. They can be so bound up in red tape that their rules impede the purpose of the organization.

d. People who work in bureaucracies may feel alienation as a result of being treated in terms of roles, rules, and functions rather than as individuals.e. They have come to dominate modern social life, as predicted by Max Weber

2. If some sociologists set out to measure group cohesion within a neighborhood, which statement would you least expect to find on their survey?

a. “Overall, I find this neighborhood very attractive.”

b. “I visit with my neighbors in their homes.”

c. “If my neighbors were planning something, I would think of it as something ‘we’ were doing rather than something ‘they’ were doing.”

d. “I feel a sense of loyalty to my neighbors.”

e. “I feel comfortable in all sorts of neighborhoods.”

3. Which of the following is NOT true of the qualities of charismatic leaders?

a. They rule through formal authority.

b. They inspire awe and reverence.

c. They embody core values and beliefs.

d. They always work toward ethical goals.

e. They possess strength of conviction.

4. Which kinds of departures from the norm wouldn’t necessarily have a stigmatizing effect on an individual’s identity?

a. physical disability

b. alcohol addiction

c. mental illness

d. having served time in jail

e. wearing shoes that don’t match

5. Which of the following is NOT considered a violent crime by the Uniform Crime Report?

a. burglary

b. rape

c. aggravated assault

d. robbery

e. murder

6. What system of stratification is commonly used in capitalist societies?

a. gender

b. social class

c. social caste

d. slavery

e. wage slavery

7. Sociologically, what is the best way for scientists to approach the nature vs. nurture debate?

a. by looking at the interaction between nature and nurture

b. by emphasizing the social nature of gender

c. by looking more closely at the biological origins of gender

d. by assuming that nature only matters for children’s gender socialization

e. by looking for evidence that nature influences grooming and body modification

8. At what age do babies become aware of their own gender?

a. at birth

b. by the age of two

c. when they begin attending school

d. by six weeks after birth

e. when they start walking

9.Why might gay and lesbian groups be predisposed to believe that homosexuality has a genetic origin?

a. They believe that sexuality is fluid and changes over the course of a person’s lifetime.

b. They want to emphasize the importance of difference.

c. They believe that a person’s sexuality is closely related to his relationship with his mother.

d. If sexual orientation is something one is born with, then discrimination is much less acceptable.

e. Gays and lesbians are predisposed to believe in science.

10. In the 1970s, after the publication of Iron John, many middle-aged men went on male-bonding retreats, learned to cry, shared their feelings, and learned to be different kinds of men, which demonstrates that:

a. masculinity is more or less frozen and unchanging.

b. gender socialization is a lifelong process.

c. families are the most important element of socialization.

d. boys are more likely to get in trouble by misbehaving and therefore have distanced themselves from emotional responses.

e. gender is still largely based on hormones and neurotransmitters.

11. In 1848 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened the Seneca Falls Conference to address women’s liberation. The Declaration of Sentiments they issued began, “When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied.” Today, no feminist would use the word “man” like this, so how can we still call Stanton and Mott feminists?

a. Feminist concepts and goals are not static, but they are always focused on bringing about greater gender equality in a particular time and place.

b. First-wave feminists were still very patriarchal and refused to say anything that would stir up controversy.

c. Stanton and Mott felt that the women’s movement had lost its momentum after the vote waswon and that other issues needed to be addressed

.d. Stanton and Mott were afraid they would lose their place in the home if they attacked something as fundamental as language.

e. There were many men attached to the feminist movement, and their control kept early feminists like Mott and Stanton from achieving much.

12. What sort of laws prohibited the mixing of racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, or sexual contact?

a. reconstruction laws

b. racial purity laws

c. the Napoleonic code

d. miscegenation laws

e. Jim Crow laws

13. Propinquity refers to:

a. a fixed set of beliefs.

b. the tendency to seek people with similar backgrounds.

c. the desire for the exotic and the foreign.

d. the appeal of the family.

e. geographic proximity.