Read these excerpts from Benjamin Franklin then answer the following question as a complete essay.
In his "Address to the Public": In what ways was Franklin ahead of his time concerning slavery and the treatment of the blacks? What do you feel are the important parts of Franklin's argument in this address? What are some of Franklin's solutions to abolish slavery? Why or why wouldn't they work? Why didn't they work?
In his "Advice to a Friend": What does this letter tell us about Franklin's character? Do you feel Franklin was practicing his wit here, or was this serious thought? What does this letter tell us about the attitudes about women during Franklin's time?

My dear Friend, June 25, 1745I know of no Medicine fit to diminish the violent natural
Inclinations you mention; and if I did, I think I should not communicate it to you.
Marriage is the proper Remedy. It is the most natural State of Man, and therefore the
State in which you are most likely to find solid Happiness. Your Reasons against entering
into it at present, appear to me not well-founded. The circumstantial Advantages you have
in View by postponing it, are not only uncertain, but they are small in comparison with
that of the Thing itself, the being married and settled. It is the Man and Woman united
that make the compleat human Being. Separate, she wants his Force of Body and
Strength of Reason; he, her Softness, Sensibility and acute Discernment. Together they
are more likely to succeed in the World. A single Man has not nearly the Value he would
have in that State of Union. lie is an incomplete Animal. He resembles the odd Half of a
Pair of Scissars. If you get a prudent healthy Wife, your Industry in your Profession, with
her good Economy, will be a Fortune sufficient.
But if you will not take this Counsel, and persist in thinking a Commerce with the Sex
inevitable, then I repeat my former Advice, that in all your Amours you should prefer old
Women to young ones. You call this a Paradox, and demand my Reasons. They are these:
1. Because as they have more Knowledge of the World and their Minds are better stor'd
with Observations, their Conversation is more improving and more lastingly agreable.2.
Because when Women cease to be handsome, they study to be good. To maintain their
Influence over Men, they supply the Diminution of Beauty by an Augmentation of
Utility. They learn to do a 1000 Services small and great, and are the most tender and
useful of all Friends when you are sick. Thus they continue amiable. And hence there is
hardly such a thing to be found as an old Woman who is not a good Woman.3. Because
there is no hazard of Children, which irregularly produc'd may be attended with much
Inconvenience.4. Because thro' more Experience, they are more prudent and discreet in
conducting an Intrigue to prevent Suspicion. The Commerce with them is therefore safer
with regard to your Reputation. And with regard to theirs, if the Affair should happen to
be known, considerate People might be rather inclin'd to excuse an old Woman who
would kindly take care of a young Man, form his Manners by her good Counsels, and
prevent his ruining his Health and Fortune among mercenary Prostitutes.5. Because in
every Animal that walks upright, the Deficiency of the Fluids that fill the Muscles
appears first in the highest Part: The Face first grows lank and wrinkled; then the Neck;
then the Breast and Arms; the lower Parts continuing to the last as plump as ever: So that
covering all above with a Basket, and regarding only what is below the Girdle, it is
impossible of two Women to know an old from a young one. And as in the dark all Cats
are grey, the Pleasure of corporal Enjoyment with an old Woman is at least equal, and
frequently superior, every Knack being by Practice capable of Improvement.6. Because
the Sin is less. The debauching a Virgin may be her Ruin, and make her for Life unhappy.
7. Because the Compunction is less. The having made a young Girl miserable may give
you frequent bitter Reflections; none of which can attend the making an old Woman
happy.8[thly and Lastly]. They are so grateful!!
Thus much for my Paradox. But still I advise you to marry directly; being sincerely Your

affectionate Friend.

It is with peculiar satisfaction we assure the friends of humanity, that, in prosecuting the
design of our association, our endeavours have proved successful, far beyond our most
sanguine expectations.
Encouraged by this success, and by the daily progress of that luminous and benign spirit
of liberty, which is diffusing itself throughout the world, and humbly hoping for the
continuance of the divine blessing on our labours, we have ventured to make an
important addition to our original plan, and do therefore earnestly solicit the support and
assistance of all who can feel the tender emotions of sympathy and compassion, or relish
the exalted pleasure of beneficence.
Slavery is such an atrocious debasement of human nature, that its very extirpation, if not
performed with solicitous care, may sometimes open a source of serious evils.
The unhappy man, who has long been treated as a brute animal too frequently sinks
beneath the common standard of the human species. The galling chains, that bind his
body, do also fetter his intellectual faculties, and impair the social affections of his heart.
Accustomed to move like a mere machine, by the will of a master, reflection is
suspended; he has not the power of choice; and reason and conscience have but little
influence over his conduct, because he is chiefly governed by the passion of fear. He is
poor and friendless; perhaps worn out by extreme labour, age, and disease.
Under such circumstances, freedom may often prove a misfortune to himself, and
prejudicial to society.
Attention to emancipated black people, it is therefore to he hoped, will become a branch
of our national policy; but, as far as we contribute to promote this emancipation, so far
that attention is evidently a serious duty incumbent on us, and which we mean to
discharge to the best of our judgment and abilities.
To instruct, to advise, to qualify those, who have been restored to freedom, for the
exercise and enjoyment of civil liberty, to promote in them habits of industry, to furnish
them with employments suited to their age, sex, talents, and other circumstances, and to
procure their children an education calculated for their future situation in life; these are
the great outlines of the annexed plan, which we have adopted, and which we conceive
will essentially promote the public good, and the happiness of these our hitherto too
much neglected fellow_creatures.
A plan so extensive cannot be carried into execution without considerable pecuniary
resources, beyond the present ordinary funds of the Society. We hope much from the
generosity of enlightened and benevolent freemen, and will gratefully receive any
donations or subscriptions for this purpose, which may be made to our treasurer, James
Starr, or to James Pemberton, chairman of our committee of correspondence.

Signed, by order of the Society,
B. FRANKLIN, President. Philadelphia, 9th of November, 1789