Psychology : Bandura, Ross, and Ross’s research showed

Subject: Psychology    / General Psychology
Question

Please select the correct option choice for each question below:

1. Bandura, Ross, and Ross’s research showed what difference between boys and girls?

• Playing with dolls helps girls to develop empathy, but not boys

• Boys are more likely to imitate a male model’s physical aggression than girls are

• Boys prefer to aggress against other children, while girls prefer to aggress against dolls

• Boys are less likely to play with dolls than girls

• Which two emotions did Ekman and Friesen’s research participants have some trouble distinguishing?

2. Which two emotions did Ekman and Friesen’s research participants have some trouble distinguishing?

• Anger and disgust

• Fear and disgust

• Fear and surprise

• Sadness and fear

3. Research following Ekman’s study of emotional expressions found that which facial feature is extremely important to facial recognition?

• Mouth

• Nose

• Hairline

• Eyebrows

4. What did Bandura, Ross, and Ross’s “Bobo doll” research show?

• When children “vent” (act out) their frustration and anger by beating up a large inflatable doll, they become less likely to act in aggressive ways later

• That children could learn to engage in specific aggressive behaviors merely by observing them

• That children who play with dolls are more likely than other children to develop empathy

• That children are naturally aggressive

5. Bandura, Ross, and Ross’s “Bobo doll” research laid the groundwork for over 40 years of research on:

• The influence of playing with dolls on children’s interpersonal relationships

• The effects of playing with gender-specific toys as children on adults’ sexual relationships

• How toys can best be marketed to young children

• The effects on children of viewing violence in person and in the media

6. What did Ekman and Friesen conclude from their research on facial expressions?

• People around the world agree on the facial expressions that represent happiness and sadness but not other emotions

• Particular facial expressions are universally associated with particular emotions

• People do not feel an emotion unless it registers on their face

• People who live in isolated primitive societies and never see modern Westerners are unable to recognize emotions from facial expressions