For staff nurses in the primary care setting, does the implementation of safety culture reduce the risk of adverse events compared to no implementation of safety culture?”
Adverse events such as medication errors, falls, injury and faulty nursing interventions can be an issue in hospitals, especially for staff nurses with large nurse-to-patient ratios and a low number of employees. While most hospitals have safety standards, some nurses may neglect safety measures or fail to implement them due to not feeling a lack of urgency or importance for safety. Safety culture in nursing may help combat this as it involves the internalization of promoting safety in the ward and can reinforce the need for nurses to provide and implement safety measures.
In order to formulate my question, I utilized the PICOT formula for prevention which is: P-I-O-C or population, intervention, outcome and comparison or control. I used the one for prevention over the standard PICOT as I am focusing on an intervention of adverse event reduction compared to the remedy or treatment of an illness or problem. I selected staff nurses in primary care settings such as hospitals and medical centers as my population as they are at increased risk for adverse events and are larger in population compared to nurses in clinics and community health settings. I selected safety culture as my intervention as studies have increased on its implementation, but could still use more research to contribute to further findings.