Subject: Political Science    / American Policy
Question

Question 1.1. (TCO 1) Politics could be referred to the “master science” because politics _____. (Points : 2)

predates the other social sciences

is more rigorous compared to other social sciences

is more difficult to study than other social sciences

relates to other social sciences

Question 2.2. (TCO 1) The notion that politicians think practically and political scientists think abstractly is indicative of which of the following? (Points : 2)

Political scientists often train politicians.

Politicians often train political scientists.

Political scientists and politicians are different in that the former studies the latter.

Political scientists and politicians are often indistinguishable.

Question 3.3. (TCO 1) When people base their views on beliefs that may not be based in reality, they are behaving _____. (Points : 2)

irrationally

rationally

politically

legitimately

Question 4.4. (TCO 1) A political leader’s ability to command respect and exercise power is known as _____. (Points : 2)

sovereignty

corruption

authority

legitimacy

Question 5.5. (TCO 1) The notion that we acknowledge the rightful roles of our leaders or our laws is known as _____. (Points : 2)

sovereignty

authority

legitimacy

monarchy

Question 6.6. (TCO 1) Which of the following is the best example of theory? (Points : 2)

People join groups because of an innate desire to be with others who have similar views.

Democratic governments last longer than non-Democratic governments.

Republicans are older than Democrats.

Corruption is rampant in government.

Question 7.7. (TCO 1) The term for measuring with numbers is _____. (Points : 2)

quantifying

hypothesis

qualifying

empirical

Question 8.8. (TCO 4) What type of law—which was developed by medieval Catholic theologians—argues that observing nature reveals God’s will? (Points : 2)

Natural law

Divine law

God’s law

Higher law

Question 9.9. (TCO 4) Under which of the following circumstances might a case be pursued as both a criminal and a civil case? (Points : 2)

A state accuses banks of mortgage fraud, sold to investors elsewhere in the nation.

Drug traffickers violate property and federal law by moving drugs across state borders.

Burglars violate federal property and the state sues them for damages.

The federal government accuses a food manufacture of unsafe food practices and consumers injured by their product sue them.

Question 10.10. (TCO 4) Describe the significance of Marbury v. Madison. (Points : 2)

The ruling laid precedent for judicial review.

The ruling stated that the president is subject to the court’s decisions.

The ruling decreed that current administrations must honor the appointments of previous administrations.

The ruling claimed that federal taxes could not be levied on the states.

Question 11.11. (TCO 4) What legal agency in the United States generates reputation-based ratings of prospective federal judges? (Points : 2)

Judicial Ratings Bureau

Federal Bureau of Judicial Review

American Bar Association

Office of Legal Assessment

Question 12.12. (TCO 4) How does the American concept of judicial review compare to the role of courts in foreign systems? (Points : 2)

Most countries maintain a similar process of judicial review, which evaluates federal laws against the nation’s constitution.

Judicial review is more highly developed in the United States than in any other country, and Americans expect more of their courts than do other peoples.

The United States is the only developed nation to maintain the process of judicial review.

Most foreign constitutions are exempt from judicial review, stripping the courts of any power they might have in shaping legislation.

Question 13.13. (TCO 4) Examine the ideal role of American judges. (Points : 2)

Judges should intervene frequently, interpreting the law according to their expertise and ensuring a fair trial.

Judges should act as umpires, passively watching the legal drama and ruling only on disputed points of procedure.

Judges should not intervene unless attorneys object, at which point they may either overrule or sustain the objection.

Judges should take an active role, questioning witnesses, eliciting evidence, and commenting on procedure.

Question 14.14. (TCO 4) In Lombard v. Louisiana (1963), the Warren Court supported _____, ruling that blacks who had refused to leave a segregated lunch counter could not be prosecuted. (Points : 2)

boycotts

sit-ins

picket lines

protests

Question 15.15. (TCO 5) Why do the responsibilities of legislative and executive powers often overlap? (Points : 2)

Separation of powers is rarely clear-cut.

Separation of powers is rare among industrialized nations.

Separation of powers is absolute.

Separation of powers grants obtuse levels of power to the executive branch.

Question 16.16. (TCO 5) In Europe, a cabinet is equivalent to the U.S. _____. (Points : 2)

administration

Congress

President

legislature

Question 17.17. (TCO 5) Voters receive the most direct representation in which system? (Points : 2)

Parliamentary

Presidential

Electoral

Coalition

Question 18.18. (TCO 5) Who directly calls forth the leader of the largest party to take office with a cabinet and become the prime minister? (Points : 2)

The voters

Parliament

The monarch

Page 2

Question 1.1. (TCO 5) The only political system that could guarantee the cooperation between the legislative and executive branches is _____. (Points : 2)

a monarchy

a dictatorship

a democracy

an oligarchy

Question 2.2. (TCO 5) In the case of both parliamentary and presidential systems, examine the reason democracies will not vanish, even though the executive seems to be receiving more and more power. (Points : 2)

Checks and balances keep the chief executive from gaining too much power.

Chief executives will eventually have to face reelection, which depends greatly on the approval of voting citizens.

Both systems have methods by which to oust chief executives.

Subordinates carry out some of the workload of the chief executive.

Question 3.3. (TCO 5) Describe how the United States expands its cabinet. (Points : 2)

The president can create a new department at his or her will.

Congress must agree on the new department and provisions for its funds must be made.

In order for a new department to be developed, a former one must be deleted.

New departments are no longer developed.

Question 4.4. (TCO 7) Radicals use the term political economy instead of _____,”which is a hard sell these days. (Points : 2)

late capitalism

Marxism

pure market system

utilitarianism

Question 5.5. (TCO 7) Early 20th-century European governments subscribed to _____ doctrines, generally keeping their hands away from the economy. (Points : 2)

classic liberal

inflationary

neoclassical

Smithian

Question 6.6. (TCO 7) Between 1965 and 1973, the percentage of Americans living below the poverty line _____. (Points : 2)

doubled

greatly decreased

slightly increased

rapidly increased

Question 7.7. (TCO 7) Medical costs consume nearly _____ % of the U.S. gross domestic product, most of it paid through government and private health insurance. (Points : 2)

11

18

22

26

Question 8.8. (TCO 7) Many Americans think the federal budget goes primarily toward welfare, which is _____. (Points : 2)

absolutely true

somewhat exaggerated

not at all the case

slightly offensive

Question 9.9. (TCO 7) How does the American welfare state compare to those of other industrialized nations? (Points : 2)

Much less is allocated to welfare in the United States.

Other nations allocate less to welfare than the United States.

The United States allocates about the same to welfare.

Few nations besides the United States maintain funds for welfare.

Question 10.10. (TCO 7) Theoretically, what are the consequences if the government assumes the burden of bad loans? (Points : 2)

Citizens will default on their mortgages.

Banks will learn from their mistakes and pay back the burden with interest.

Ultimately, the government will profit.

Firms will be encouraged to continue their risky behavior.

Question 11.11. (TCO 9) Rarely the work of small bands and conspirators alone, _____ are usually the result of system collapse, which permits small but well-organized groups (often military) to take over. (Points : 2)

the erosion of legitimacy

acts of genocide

dictatorships

coups d’état

Question 12.12. (TCO 9) Riots triggered by police beating youths, protests against globalization, and labor strikes against austerity are all examples of _____. (Points : 2)

purely traditional violence

issue-oriented violence

violence carried out by civilian institutions of government

coups

Question 13.13. (TCO 9) What is likely to happen if the people are unhappy and there is no organization to focus their discontent? (Points : 2)

They will almost surely turn to violence.

Not much will happen.

The people will organize themselves, regardless.

They will eventually find other means of achieving contentedness.

Question 14.14. (TCO 9) What about U.S. agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security, the FBI, and the CIA make them so ill prepared to fight terrorism? (Points : 2)

They have extremely different missions when it comes to terrorism.

They are poorly funded.

They have a great deal of red tape to get through in order to be able to communicate.

They are often unwilling to communicate with each other.

Question 15.15. (TCO 9) Which of the following options best describes countries before and after revolutions? (Points : 2)

Before, revolutionary movements are still idealistic and convinced they will bring a better society; after seizing power, the revolutionary regime discovers it’s not difficult to make an economy work.

Before, revolutionary movements are still idealistic and convinced they will bring a better society; after seizing power, the revolutionary regime discovers it’s a lot harder to make an economy work than it thought.

Before, revolutionary movements believe that a truly committed regime can redo society; after seizing power, the revolutionary regime discovers its ideological ideals are impractical.

Before, revolutionary movements bomb and assassinate in an effort to overthrow corrupt governments; after seizing power, the revolutionary regime almost always finds itself being bombed and in the sights of assassins.

Question 16.16. (TCO 9) Does terrorism work? (Points : 2)

Rarely, and seldom without political and/or economic pressure

Rarely, but primarily when brought against democratic nations

Often, and without much need for political pressure to aid it

Often, but only with the assistance of economic and/or political pressure

Question 17.17. (TCO 9) Why do some scholars say velvet revolutions are not revolutions at all? (Points : 2)

They are not ideologically driven.

They fail to bring about genuine democracy.

They lack the ferocious qualities of violent revolutions.

They don’t bring about real regime change.

Page 3

Question 1. 1. (TCO 2) Democracy has changed dramatically since its original application in ancient Athens. Describe the evolution of democracy by comparing and contrasting direct democracy with representative democracy. In completing this comparison, be sure to incorporate Aristotle’s concerns about democracy and assess the stability offered by these variations within democracy. (Points : 40)

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Question 2. 2. (TCO 3) Compare and contrast single-member districts and proportional representation (PR). How effective is each electoral system in representing its people’s interests? How does each support the party system around which it arose? Please be sure to use examples from within the U.S. and UK systems to support your response. (Points : 40)

Question 3. 3. (TCO 6) Socialism has evolved over the centuries from Karl Marx’s original purposed theories. The first change took place with Leninism, and now many liberal societies incorporate a mild form of socialism referred to as social democracy. Your analysis should include a comparison of these forms of government and explain how and why socialism split into these several varieties. (Points : 40)

Question 4. 4. (TCO 8) The United Nations is an international organization that promotes the idea of using diplomacy as a means of preventing war. Investigate the role of diplomacy in maintaining peace between nations. What actions might a diplomat take to encourage peace? What are some factors that may cause diplomacy to fail? Please be sure to provide specific examples in your response. (Points : 40)

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