Nurses use a scientific procedure called the nursing process to ensure patients get quality medical care (Capernito, 2005). The process entails a five-step progression as discussed below.
A dynamic and systematic way is used in this phase during collection of data regarding the patient. The data collected from the patient analyzes the spiritual, psychological, sociological and physiological position of the patient (Gardner, 2003).The data collection has several steps to be followed. Such are interviews, finding out a lot of the history of the patient and history of the family of the patient, examination and observation of the patient generally. This helps determine both the manifestation and the physical causes of the patient’s disease. The interaction of the patient with a nurse will assist the nurse know what the patient suffers from. Such manifestations will be portrayed through lack of eating due to loss of appetite, withdrawal from both the staff and family members (Gardner, 2003).
The second phase entails an agreement between the patient and a nurse to conduct a judgment that is clinical on the health condition of the patient. Reflection of the diagnosis on a patient will show all the sufferings a patient goes through. For instance, all causes of pain that arises as a result of pain (Gardner, 2003). Such may include family conflicts, nutrition that is poor and anxiety. Improvements in health and any kind of syndrome development are assessed through diagnosis (Gardner, 2003).
It involves implementing the plan in the nursing care that will help reduce the effect of illness the patient has (Capernito, 2005). Intervention may be in the form of medication or treatment or physical therapy in support of the patient. It is more of counseling to a patient that is on a short term basis that will help the patient be in the state he was in before the casualty. Nurses perform intervention treatment to help patients reach the medical set goals that would aid in their quick recovery.It is for a nurse to have the knowledge of the procedure that is best for the patient to recover. A nurse educates a patient on the importance and side effects of not taking the medication. Nursing intervention is classified into three categories that include dependence, interdependence, and independence (Gardner, 2003).
A plan of action is developed ones the patient and the nurse reach an agreement when the diagnosis process is complete (Capernito, 2005). Achievable and measurable long term and short term objectives are set by the nurse. The patient moves from always sleeping on a bed to sitting in a chair and also having a walk. He might start eating much frequently than before. Classification of Nursing Outcome is always used in this phase by nurses to assess the progress of the patient. Terms that are standardized and a set of measurements are relied on to check on the patient’s health progress (Gardner, 2003).
The result phase is all about the effects of the nursing process. The patient’s health status is evaluated as per the indications of the day by day progress. Outcomes for a patient are always documented so as to follow a patient in some stipulated period of time. It is always based on the intervention of the nursing process and developed to be used in any kind of an environment setting. Basically, patient’s health status is described in the outcome process. Moreover, their usefulness is relevant in other disciplines during the evaluation process (Capernito, 2005).
Allie’s Pre-Surgery Preparation
The nurse must ensure that Allie understands the importance and the process of operation as it is key to the role of nursing. This will help Allie get prepared both psychologically and to assist reduce anxiety as he gets ready for the surgery process (Capernito, 2005).
A band for identity will be placed on Allie’s arm with information printed on it as per the requirement by the National Patient safety Agency. All the assessments pertaining to risk are indicated as required by the local policy. The nurse will record Allie’s health status such as blood pressure, content of the glucose in the blood, his respiration among others.
A definitive observation unit is where patients are moved to from care (Capernito, 2005). It entails highly trained nurses and medical staff with medical facilities to provide intensive care to patients who are extremely sick.
The nurse would console Allie and her parent by offering counseling to them to minimize the anxiety and give them some hope. He will as well tell them after surgery effects and duration expected for recovery (Gardner, 2003).
The nurse will use his knowledge and thinking ability to assess Allie’s recovery process. Both the oral and physical therapy will be given to the patient to help her recover speedy. Allie should be told the importance and side effects of medication and how long she will be under medication. Her parents are the best advisors to be by her side during this difficult time (Gardner, 2003).
To prevent boredom, ones Allie is on the right track to recovery, lots of bed rest will be useless. As a matter of fact, lots of physical therapies will help her health status improve. Walking around and stories of encouragement will be vital to her recovery (Capernito, 2005).
Taking of Allie’s photos by the nurse during her admission and after she is discharged would be an encouragement to Allie and her parents. Gifts to early and always checking on her progress will be a positive recovery impact on Allie’s family.
Carpenito-Moyet, . (n.d.). Nursing process made easy. Lippincott Williams & wilkins, 2005.
Gardner, P. (2003). Nursing process in action. Australia: Thomson, Delmar Learning