In a one-two page essay, consider scholar Erik Seeman's account of the ways in which violence was understood and acted out in Native America, and compare this to Jesuit priest Father Paul Le jeune's first-hand observation of one episode of violence among the Hurons to whom he ministered.

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Excerpt from the Jesuit Relations
Excerpt from “Le Jeune's Relation, 1635,” The Jesuit Relations Volume Eight
On the twenty-third day of October, fifteen or twenty Savages returned from the war, bringing a
prisoner. As soon as they could descry our Settlement and their cabins, they collected their
canoes and sailed slowly down the middle of the great river, uttering from their chests songs full
of gladness; as soon as they were seen, there was a great outcry among the cabins, each one
coming out to see these warriors, who made the poor prisoner stand up and dance in their fashion
in the middle of a canoe. He sang, and they kept time with their paddles; he was bound with a
cord which tied his arms behind his back, another was around his feet, and still another, [68] a
long one, around his body; they had torn out his finger-nails, so that he could not untie himself.
Marvel, I pray you, at the cruelty of these people. A Savage, having perceived Father Buteux and
me mingling with the others, came up to us and said, full of joy and satisfaction, Tapoue
kouetakiou nigamouau;" I shall really eat some Hiroquois." Finally this poor man came out of
the canoe, and was taken into a cabin, the children, girls, and women [page 23] striking him,
some with sticks, others with stones, as he entered; you would have said he was insensible, as he
passed along and received these blows without looking around; as soon as he entered, they made
him dance to the music of their howls. After having made a few turns, striking the ground and
agitating his body, which is all there is of [69] their dancing, they made him sit down; and some
of the Savages, addressing us, told us that this Hiroquois was one of those who the year before
had surprised and killed three of our Frenchmen; this was done to stifle in us the pity that we
might have for him, and they even dared to ask some of our French if they did not want to eat
their share of him, since they had killed our Countrymen. We replied that these cruelties
displeased us, and that we were not cannibals. He did not die, however; for these Barbarians,
weary of the war, spoke with this young prisoner, who was a strong man, tall and finely formed,
about making peace; they have been treating about it for a long time, but at last it is concluded.
In truth, I believe it will not last long; [70] for the first impulse that seizes some hot-headed
fellow, at the remembrance that one of his relations was killed by the Hiroquois, will make him
go and surprise one of them, and treacherously assassinate him; and thus the war will begin
again. Fidelity cannot be expected from people who have not the true Faith.