Project Proposal to Coursehero.doc  Download Attachment

This is an unformatted preview. Please download the attached document for the original format.
Running head: HYPERTENSION CONTROL IN PUBLIC HEALTH

1

I have chosen this Hypertension Topic and resources are also in this page. Then I am
sending the next question i.e. in the document, please check it carefully it’s about paper outline.
Then last question will be the 3rd document which I am attaching and this will be final paper.

Hypertension Control in Public Health
I want to study and focus on the topic of hypertension because it is increasing worldwide.
Hypertension is an important public health issue which is responsible of morbidity and mortality.
Hypertension is also known as High blood pressure. High blood pressure is considered when
normal blood pressure increases or equals to 140/90. When the blood pressure is high then our
body is not in a homeostasis state. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism plays an
important role in regulating blood pressure. Hypertension is a common disease in people because
of the behaviors and dietary factors associated with them and many people are affected by it. I
am interested in hypertension diagnosis and nutritional factors in hypertension management
because I want to learn nutritional aspects and provide simple intervention for hypertension. I
want to teach patients how to live healthful life. And I am interested in treatment of Nutritional
factors of hypertension and the interaction of sodium in regulating blood pressure, its effects on
human health, prevention, treatment and its pathophysiology. The sources I found present the
overview of dietary sodium, potassium as key players in pathophysiology of hypertension and
the mechanism for the development of hypertension is discussed as well.

HYPERTENSION CONTROL IN PUBLIC HEALTH

2

HYPERTENSION CONTROL IN PUBLIC HEALTH
References
Alderman, M. H. (2000). Salt, Blood Pressure, and Human Health. Retrieved from
http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/36/5/890.full
Bunker, J. (2014) Hypertension: diagnosis, assessment and management. Retrieved from
http://rcnpublishing.com/doi/pdfplus/10.7748/ns.28.42.50.e8682
Koliaki, C. & Katsilambros, N. (2013). Dietary sodium, potassium, and alcohol: key players in
the pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of human hypertension. Retrieved from
http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.lib.kaplan.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=f67e11b2-20444a0d-b88c-e6d88a5beed7%40sessionmgr4003&vid=2&hid=4111
Nguyen, H., Odelola, O. A., Rangaswami, J. & Amanullah, A. (2013). International Journal of
Hypertension. doi:10.1155/2013/698940
Yanai, H., Tomono, Y., Ito, K., Furutani, N., Yoshida, H. & Tada, N. (2008). The underlying
mechanisms for development of hypertension in the metabolic syndrome. Doi:
10.1186/1475-2891-7-10

Question 2 - RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE - Course hero.doc  Download Attachment

This is an unformatted preview. Please download the attached document for the original format.
ESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE:
Writing an APA or American Psychological Association(guideline) research paper
outline and A-level paper is how college students develop their writing skills for
academia. Centering primarily on scientific subjects, APA is a popular format, mainly
because of its functional emphasis, simplicity in following guidelines and a broad
approach towards the subject, unlike an analysis essay which frames the context.
Why is an outline important?
Can you ever construct a building without the blueprint? Why should research paper
writing be any different? An outline functions as a blueprint by providing a definition to
your research paper. It is a glimpse of your final copy. An outline reveals weakness in
how your thoughts have been organized, lack of a presentation style, deviance from the
subject at hand that needs to be corrected before you start writing.
Figuring out how to write a research paper as you write one is a losing proposition and a
disaster waiting to happen. Skip the trauma and develop an outline that shall act as a
compass pointing to the right direction in developing your paper.
Steps in developing an APA research paper outline
Brainstorming
Time for some mental exercise. After deciding on the topic, start listing out ideas for
your research paper. Identify the kind of information you will need and search for
credible sources to gather it. At this stage just research and gather information to
develop the context in which to write your research paper.
Sorting
After finalizing your approach to the topic and gathering all facts and figures, enter the
second stage of activity. Sort out information based on its relevance to the paper.
Discard materials that are irrelevant and classify relevant information according to the
degree of its importance.
TIP
Brevity – don’t use five words for a one-word idea when writing anAPA research paper
outline. Develop effective habits early on.
Organizing
At this stage correctly place information and your arguments within a structure. Use the
framework of introduction, body and conclusion as in an analytical essay format. Ensure
a logical flow between arguments and correctly link data, check for comprehension.

Presentation
Lastly, take care on how you present your research paper, maintain and follow
stipulated guidelines. Make notes to place headings, in-text citations, quotes and
references to add to the main body of the research paper.
How to write an outline
Always begin an APA research paper outline with the main idea; this is the essence of
your paper. After this, provide first supporting ideas to entrench the main idea. Justify it
with strong reasoning and more supportive details. Now state the second supporting
idea. Continue with this cycle for the entire research paper.
When stating an idea countering the main idea, continue with the same cycle of
presentation. Each research paper possesses a unique rhythm through which it
presents information to the readers and as the author you need to set the tone.
Your outline should at least contain the following headings (include at least 3 bullets or
sentences for each heading):
1) Title page
2) Table of Contents
3) Abstract/Thesis: Abstracts must be concise and specific. The basic idea of an
abstract is to provide what was done in the paper, including the key four or five findings,
and the conclusion. Background information is not included in an abstract, nor are
generalities.
4) Introduction: This must include the statement of the problem and the significance of
the problem (validate with text citations and statistics). This section also includes any
background and general information that is useful to understand the literature review
that follows. For some topics, this may include historical context.
5) Literature Review: This is the heart of the paper. This section includes the analysis
of the current (within 5 years) primary literature and should consist of presentation of
hypotheses, study methods, results, and conclusions in the student’s own words.
Compare and contrast studies. Analyze them for flaws and value. Consider studies with
conflicting results and similar results and postulate reasons for this as well as
conclusions to be drawn. Organization of the literature review section may vary
according to the topic, but this section should demonstrate a cohesive connection
between all of the primary articles being discussed. Page numbers are required. Use of
transitional statements is strongly encouraged.
6) Conclusions and Recommendations: This section is designed to pull together all
of the information, including reiterating the significance of the problem and presenting

the overarching conclusions of the current research that was analyzed in the literature
review. The paper must include a discussion of gaps and recommendations for further
policies, legislation, interventions, and/or research.
7) Reference List: All references that were cited in the text must appear here in APA
format, single spaced with hanging indent. Full credit will not be given should the
reference list lack the minimum number of two primary research articles. Keep in mind
that most final papers will need many more than two to make the paper complete.


Question 3 - FINAL RESEARCH PAPER.doc  Download Attachment

This is an unformatted preview. Please download the attached document for the original format.
FINAL RESEARCH PAPER:
The final paper/presentation: (315 points). As students of public health biology you need
to be aware of the pathophysiology of diseases either naturally occurring or facilitated
by human behaviors. For your final project in this class you will choose a topic dealing
with a particular emerging infectious disease, a disease caused by a toxicological agent,
or a disease caused by negative human behavior and discuss its pathophysiology in
detail, using general information that you find by researching the topic on the list of
approved websites, as well as at least 2 primary sources (peered reviewed journal
articles found through the Kaplan Library). The paper must focus on the
pathophysiological, biological nature of the disease. Page numbers, properly formatted
subject headers (see APA style manual), a clear problem statement, a cohesive and
scholarly literature review, validated facts with text citations, a conclusion with
recommendations for further needs/research, and an alphabetized, APA formatted
reference list are required. Text citations must match references.
Points are also allotted for scholarly depth, using APA format, proof reading for spelling
and grammatical errors, presenting a logical flow of ideas and a logical conclusion,
overall scholarly style and tone, and using quality references that contain a minimum of
four primary, peer reviewed articles. Students are expected to utilize the spacing and
other style formats described in the APA manual.
The body of the paper should be 8 - 10 pages, double spaced, not counting the title
page, table of contents (optional), abstract, and reference list. Papers must be posted to
the Dropbox by the end of (Unit 9). A superior paper demonstrates breadth and depth of
knowledge, use of quality resources, APA formatting, scholarly writing, and critical
thinking appropriate for undergraduate-level scholarship. The viewpoint and purpose of
this assignment should be clearly established and sustained. Assignment should follow
the conventions of Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.).
Your writing should be well ordered, logical and unified, as well as original and
insightful. Your work should display superior content, organization, style, and
mechanics.
All papers must include the following sections, at minimum: Introduction (subsections to
include statement of the problem, significance of the problem, and background),
Literature Review (with topic-appropriate subsections), and Conclusions and
Recommendations.
1) Title page
2) Table of Contents
3) Abstract: Abstracts must be concise and specific. The basic idea of an abstract is to
provide what was done in the paper, including the key four or five findings, and the
conclusion. Background information is not included in an abstract, nor are generalities.

4) Introduction: This must include the statement of the problem and the significance of
the problem (validate with text citations and statistics). This section also includes any
background and general information that is useful to understand the literature review
that follows. For some topics, this may include historical context.
5) Literature Review: This is the heart of the paper. This section includes the analysis
of the current (within 5 years) primary literature and should consist of presentation of
hypotheses, study methods, results, and conclusions in the student’s own words.
Compare and contrast studies. Analyze them for flaws and value. Consider studies with
conflicting results and similar results and postulate reasons for this as well as
conclusions to be drawn. Organization of the literature review section may vary
according to the topic, but this section should demonstrate a cohesive connection
between all of the primary articles being discussed. Page numbers are required. Use of
transitional statements is strongly encouraged.
6) Conclusions and Recommendations: This section is designed to pull together all
of the information, including reiterating the significance of the problem and presenting
the overarching conclusions of the current research that was analyzed in the literature
review. The paper must include a discussion of gaps and recommendations for further
policies, legislation, interventions, and/or research.
7) Reference List: All references that were cited in the text must appear here in APA
format, single spaced with hanging indent. Full credit will not be given should the
reference list lack the minimum number of two primary research articles. Keep in mind
that most final papers will need many more than two to make the paper complete.
Power Point and Presentation:
Final Paper PowerPoint: Students are required to prepare a short and brief PowerPoint
presentation of their research paper topic. Post the PowerPoint presentation as an
attachment in the Unit 9 discussion area. Review classmates’ presentations and
respond to one presentation by asking a probing question or adding additional
materials. Be sure to provide references.