GSCM 206 – Quality at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company

GSCM 206 – Quality at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company

GSCM 206 – Quality at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company

Subject: Business    / Management
Quality at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company

Video Case

Ritz-Carlton. The name alone evokes images of luxury and quality. As the first hotel company to win the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the Ritz treats quality as if it is the heartbeat of the company. This means a daily commitment to meeting customer expectations and making sure that each hotel is free of any deficiency.

In the hotel industry, quality can be hard to quantify. Guests do not purchase a product when they stay at the Ritz: They buy an experience. Thus, creating the right combination of elements to make the experience stand out is the challenge and goal of every employee, from maintenance to management.

Before applying for the Baldrige Award, company management undertook a rigorous self-examination of its operations in an attempt to measure and quantify quality. Nineteen processes were studied, including room service delivery, guest reservation and registration, message delivery, and breakfast service. This period of self-study included statistical measurement of process work flows and cycle times for areas ranging from room service delivery times and reservations to valet parking and housekeeping efficiency. The results were used to develop performance benchmarks against which future activity could be measured.

With specific, quantifiable targets in place, Ritz-Carlton managers and employees now focus on continuous improvement. The goal is 100% customer satisfaction: If a guest’s experience does not meet expectations, the Ritz-Carlton risks losing that guest to competition.

One way the company has put more meaning behind its quality efforts is to organize its employees into “self-directed” work teams. Employee teams determine work scheduling, what work needs to be done, and what to do about quality problems in their own areas. In order to see the relationship of their specific area to the overall goals, employees are also given the opportunity to take additional training in hotel operations. Ritz-Carlton believes that a more educated and informed employee is in a better position to make decisions in the best interest of the organization.

Quality at Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company (p. 232 and Pearson Video Library)

Case Study 1 Questions

In what ways could the Ritz-Carlton monitor its success in achieving quality?
Why might it cost the Ritz-Carlton less to do things right the first time?
What are some nonfinancial measures of customer satisfaction that might be used by the Ritz-Carlton?
How could control charts, Pareto diagrams, and cause-and-effect diagrams be used to identify quality problems at a hotel?
Many companies say that their goal is to provide quality products and services. What actions might you expect from a company that intends quality to be more than a slogan or buzzword?

Case Study paper is to consist of the following components:

Title page and two written pages with no more than 500 words.
Answers to individual questions (as assigned) Each assignment will have specific questions you need to address. You should create a subheaded section for each one.
References/Appendix (if required) These are not research papers per se, so you may not have the need to cite outside sources. If you do, however, they should be identified on a proper reference page. Similarly, if you are required to do calculations and choose to perform them on a separate page, you should include them in an appendix.
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