Which group primarily settled in the eastern part of what we now call Texas

Subject: General Questions    / General General Questions
Chapter 1

1. Which group primarily settled in the eastern part of what we now call Texas?
A. Caddo
B. Creoles
C. Comanches
D. Kiowas

2. Which of the following tribes was among those that eventually became part of the great horse cultures in North America?
A. Caddo
B. Creoles
C. Comanches
D. Kiowas

3. The first modern European nation to lay claim to the territory of Texas was
A. France.
B. Spain.
C. England.
D. Portugal.

4. Why did the French settlement attempted near Matagorda Bay fail?
A. The expedition was under-supplied and poorly led.
B. The Karankawa Indians were unexpectedly hostile toward the New Orleans settlement.
C. The territory was too broad to be controlled or governed effectively.
D. Sieur de La Salle was a poor leader who was eventually killed by Karankawa Indians.

5. What is a presidio?
A. a Catholic mission settlement
B. a fortified settlement
C. a “leader” in Spanish
D. a defensible spit of land

6. The first area settled by the Tejanos was
A. eastern Texas.
B. the Gulf Coast.
C. “Hill Country”.
D. the Rio Grande Valley.

7. Of the six flags flown over Texas, which represented republics?
A. Texas and Mexico
B. the CSA and France
C. Spain and France
D. France and Mexico

8. Who led the Army of the Gulf in a show of force designed to discourage French support of the Confederacy?
A. Joseph “Black Jack” Pershing
B. Ulysses S. Grant
C. Alfred H. Terry
D. Nathaniel P. Banks

9. Which of the following is an example of “luck” that limited Texas’s exposure to the ravages of the Civil War?
A. French support of the Confederacy
B. the successful show of force by the Army of the Gulf
C. Native American occupation west of the Balcones Escarpment
D. Maximilian’s long reign in Mexico

10. Name the two major ideological groups in Texas during the era of Reconstruction.
A. Farmers Alliance and popular sovereigntists
B. popular sovereigntists and true southerners
C. true southerners and Confederate sympathizers
D. Confederate sympathizers and Republicans

11. The “carpetbagger’s constitution” reversed which right of former slaves and whites who had participated in the Civil War?
A. citizenship
B. suffrage
C. habeas corpus
D. assembly

12. Southern Democrats were able to regain control of state government with the election of ________.
A. 1864
B. 1866
C. 1874
D. 1876

13. Approximately how long did one-party Democratic rule last in Texas?
A. 10 years
B. 50 years
C. 100 years
D. 150 years

14. Which of the following elements dominated the land-based economy of post-Reconstruction Texas and is/are still important today?
A. cattle
B. cotton and oil
C. oil and cattle
D. oil, cotton, and cattle

15. Mexican governments provided generous land grants to any family willing to settle in the state. The sitio or legua each family could receive was how large?
A. 40 acres and a mule
B. 640 acres or a section
C. 1,500 acres
D. more than 4,000 acres

16. What was the primary use of land in Texas from the 1820s to the 1860s?
A. cattle
B. cotton
C. oil
D. Land use in the period was about equally divided among these three.

17. In the years following the Civil War, ________ became Texas’s economic mainstay.
A. cattle
B. cotton
C. oil
D. None of these answers is correct.

18. Between 1900 and 1950, what accelerated the demographic shift from a rural society to an urban society in Texas?
A. oil
B. the Civil Rights movement
D. the automobile

19. Today, what industry dominates the Texas economy, employing nearly 80 percent of the private sector workforce?
A. oil and petrochemical processing
B. the service industry
C. agriculture and cattle
D. manufacturing and the high tech industry

20. Members of which of the following groups overwhelmingly identify themselves as Republican?
A. evangelical Protestants
B. Protestants of the black church tradition
C. Roman Catholics
D. agnostics

21. A belief that government is a positive instrument for change and a means for promoting the general welfare of all citizens defines which political subculture?
A. traditionalistic
B. individualistic
C. moralistic
D. neoconservative

22. John believes that government’s primary purpose is to defend the country and build roads. Additionally, he believes in low pay and term limits for political offices. John is demonstrating the beliefs of which political subculture?
A. traditionalistic
B. individualistic
C. moralistic
D. neoconservative

23. Which political subculture was a natural extension of the practice of slavery?
A. traditionalistic
B. individualistic
C. moralistic
D. neoconservative

24. Which group was forced to adopt the traditionalistic political subculture because of their subservient role?
A. Anglos
B. African Americans
C. Mexicans
D. German and Midwestern settlers

25. Classical liberalism focuses on the protection of
A. group rights.
B. large government.
C. judicial activism.
D. a generally free market economy.

Chapter 2

26. The notion that all individuals possess inalienable rights and willingly submit to government to protect those rights is embodied in
A. the traditionalistic subculture.
B. social contract theory.
C. the individualistic subculture.
D. popular sovereignty.

27. The theory of popular sovereignty holds that all power
A. will ultimately be progressively distributed.
B. is distributed by popular vote.
C. is given to the people by divine right.
D. rests with the people.

28. Which of the following is NOT among the characteristics shared by all state constitutions?
A. the requirement that citizens approve any changes
B. a fear of strong executive authority
C. popular sovereignty
D. separation of powers

29. Article 6 of the U.S. Constitution contains the ________ clause establishing the U.S. Constitution as the law of the land that no federal or state law may violate.
A. preemptive
B. establishment
C. supremacy
D. primacy

30. Which constitution was the first to govern Anglos in Texas?
A. U.S. Constitution
B. Republic of Mexico’s constitution
C. Republic of Texas Constitution
D. Reconstruction constitution

31. Which constitution was pejoratively known as the “carpetbagger’s constitution”?
A. U.S. Constitution
B. Republic of Mexico’s constitution
C. Republic of Texas Constitution
D. Reconstruction constitution

32. The current Texas Constitution was approved by voters in ________.
A. 1866
B. 1876
C. 1886
D. 1896

33. The Spanish constitutions contributed what key element to the political climate of Texas?
A. limited government
B. property rights for women
C. decentralization of decision making
D. decreased executive power

34. In addition to a preamble and appendix, how many articles are contained in the Texas Constitution?
A. 10
B. 17
C. 27
D. 776

35. What does the Texas Constitution contain that the U.S. Constitution does not?
A. Bill of Rights
B. separation of powers
C. legislative member qualifications
D. equal rights amendment

36. Why might the partisan election of judges be cause for concern?
A. judicial decisions may be politicized
B. the rule of law would be eliminated
C. campaign fundraising could distract judges
D. None of these answers is correct.

37. Article 1 of the Texas Constitution covers the
A. powers of government.
B. legislative department.
C. executive department.
D. Bill of Rights.

38. Why does the Texas Constitution create a fragmented executive branch?
A. to limit the power of the governor
B. poor writing that had the effect of fragmenting the executive, though this was not intended
C. to raise the status of the legislature
D. a requirement established by the U.S. Congress in order for Texas to be readmitted to the Union

39. The articles of the Texas Constitution that define the creation and structure of counties in the state provide for a fairly ________ system that counties are required to abide by.
A. flexible
B. inflexible
C. simple
D. centralized

40. Ideally, a constitution should
A. be detailed and specific.
B. be frequently amended.
C. be brief.
D. limit the court’s power of judicial review.

41. At 376,006 words, which state’s constitution is the longest?
A. Alabama’s
B. Louisiana’s
C. Mississippi’s
D. Texas’s

42. Except in the state of Delaware, two steps are involved in changing constitutions:
A. a constitutional convention and citizen approval.
B. voter initiative and legislative approval.
C. legislative initiative and approval by constitutional convention.
D. proposal of amendments and citizen approval.

43. Why are state constitutions amended more frequently than the U.S. Constitution?
A. The U.S. Constitution has built-in limits.
B. State constitutions deal with a wider range of functions.
C. Voter initiatives have a higher rate of approval than those amendments proposed by state legislatures.
D. The legislature can approve state constitutional amendments.

44. Between 1975 and 2011, the Texas legislature proposed 290 amendments for voter approval, and of these, voters accepted ________ percent.
A. 44
B. 65
C. 73
D. 85

45. Which of the following aspects of the process of amending the state constitution contributes to low voter turnout?
A. odd-year elections
B. low interest in the issues
C. confusing ballot wording
D. All these answers are correct.

46. Many reformers believe the Texas Constitution is in need of a comprehensive revision. Why is this unlikely to happen?
A. strong distrust of government
B. high levels of satisfaction with the existing process
C. strong distrust of reformers
D. “Lone Star” pride in having the longest state constitution

47. What was the result of a bill introduced in 1999 calling for a general revision of the Texas Constitution?
A. It was defeated in a floor vote.
B. It was not approved by the citizens.
C. It died in committee.
D. It was inadvertently placed on the wrong calendar and was ignored.

48. The system that provides for a sharing of powers between the national government and the state governments is known as
A. federalism.
B. unitarianism.
C. confederation.
D. separation of powers.

49. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution contains this statement? “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people”.
A. Ninth
B. Tenth
C. Eleventh
D. Twelfth

50. By what authority did the U.S. Congress create a national bank in 1790?
A. U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison
B. Article 8 of the U.S. Constitution
C. Interstate Commerce Clause
D. Necessary and Proper Clause

Chapter 3

51. What percentage of the Texas Senate is elected during a presidential election year?
A. 25 percent
B. 33 percent
C. 50 percent
D. 100 percent

52. In 2010, there were about 811,147 constituents per state senate district in Texas. What is the only state that had more constituents per senator?
A. Massachusetts
B. New York
C. Florida
D. California

53. In what way are Texas, Montana, Nevada, and North Dakota similar?
A. They are all in the central time zone.
B. All four voted for Mitt Romney in the 2012 election.
C. All have unlimited speed limits on certain controlled-access highways.
D. The legislature of each state only meets every other year.

54. What is the annual limit on special legislative sessions in the state of Texas?
A. 2
B. 5
C. 9
D. None of these answers is correct.

55. Which state does not pay its legislators a salary except for a per diem expense based on federal policy?
A. New Hampshire
B. New Mexico
C. Texas
D. Oklahoma

56. To be eligible to run for the Texas House you must
A. be a registered voter.
B. be at least 26 years of age.
C. have resided in the district for two years.
D. have resided in the state for three years.

57. Dimensions of a candidate such as race, ethnicity, religion, and national background
A. cannot be considered by the electorate in voting.
B. make a difference, depending on the demographics of the district.
C. are sometimes called “birthright” characteristics.
D. will be considered by party insiders in determining electability.

58. Why was the Legislative Redistricting Board’s multimember plan invalidated by a federal court in 1971?
A. the “Matthew syndrome”
B. possible unfairness to majority voters
C. findings in Lawrence v. Texas
D. possible unfairness to minority voters

59. Multimember districts promote majority representation or domination, and single-member districts can promote ________ representation.
A. democratic
B. geographical
C. republican
D. equal

60. Redistricting is
A. generally synonymous with reapportionment.
B. the process of allocating U.S. senators to districts.
C. generally synonymous with the federal census.
D. drawing district boundary lines for political advantage.

61. In the early twentieth century ________ areas were generally overrepresented in many state legislatures.
A. urban
B. minority
C. rural
D. wealthy

62. Most campaign contributions come from
A. super PACs.
B. contributors who live outside the district.
C. the candidates’ political party.
D. federal matching funds.

63. Each election year, about ________ of the House members face opposition in the general election.
A. a quarter
B. one-third
C. half
D. two-thirds

64. Which of the following is NOT among the powers of the speaker of the house in the Texas House of Representatives?
A. committee chair appointment
B. bill referral to committees
C. appoints members to calendar committee
D. appoints all members of standing committees

65. The lieutenant governor is not formally a senator and cannot vote except in cases of a tie, yet he or she has great power over the senate. Why?
A. the bully pulpit and the ear of the governor
B. senatorial tradition
C. powers similar to those of the speaker of the house
D. a popular sovereignty mandate

66. Assume both the Texas House and Senate have passed omnibus transportation bills. The bills are almost identical, with slight differences. How will these differences be reconciled prior to the bill being sent to the governor for consideration?
A. by a special committee that is chaired by the speaker and vice-chaired by the lieutenant governor
B. in conference committee
C. the governor’s staff will reconcile any differences
D. in the standing committees that have jurisdiction

67. Which type of legislative committee is most important?
A. standing
B. conference
C. interim
D. special

68. Who submits a recommended budget to the Texas legislature?
A. a standing committee in the senate
B. the Legislative Budget Board
C. a standing committee in the house
D. the governor’s office of budget and management

69. The House Insurance Committee is hearing testimony from the Texas Department of Insurance about the effectiveness of recent procedural changes within the department. Which legislative function is this committee demonstrating?
A. lawmaking
B. budget and taxation
C. oversight
D. management

70. In any given legislative session, most bills
A. pass committee muster but are voted down after floor debate.
B. make only minor changes to existing law.
C. die in conference committee.
D. clear every hurtle, but are vetoed by the governor.

71. After the sixtieth day, before a bill can be considered on the floor of the senate, a two-thirds vote is almost always required. Why?
A. two-thirds super majority is always required in the senate
B. quorum requirements of the Texas Constitution
C. senate rules about the order bills come out of committee
D. None of these answers is correct.

72. Closed riders are amendments to an appropriations bill that are
A. closed to further changes except from the standing committee that originally authored the bill.
B. shielded from public inspection until they go to conference committee.
C. proposed in a closed committee for state security reasons.
D. those amendments proposed in a special session.

73. A state senator that usually considers all the options and then chooses the one he or she believes is the best is demonstrating the ________ representational role.
A. traditional
B. delegate
C. moral
D. trustee

74. What are the two different calendars for minor bills in the Texas State House?
A. local and consent
B. consent and priority
C. priority and routine
D. routine and extraordinary

75. Which of the following describes how major and minor bills submitted in the Texas legislature are similar?
A. They are equally distributed among the standing committees.
B. They equally likely to pass the legislature.
C. They are equally likely to have companion bills submitted in the other chamber.
D. They receive final action toward the end of the legislative session.

Chapter 4

76. Which of the following is NOT among the formal qualifications for the office of governor in Texas?
A. 30 years of age
B. registered voter
C. resident of the state for five years
D. U.S. citizenship

77. Which of the following informal qualifications for governor is nearly universal in Texas?
A. fraternal membership
B. military service
C. holding a law degree
D. having previously held elected office

78. Which state pays its governor the lowest salary?
A. Maine
B. New York
C. Nevada
D. Texas

79. The governor of Texas’s salary is ________ per year.
A. $70,000
B. $90,000
C. $150,000
D. $179,000

80. In states without a lieutenant governor, who is usually next in succession to the governor’s office?
A. the leader of the state senate
B. the vice governor
C. the leader of the state house of representatives
D. the chief justice of the state supreme court

81. The office of lieutenant governor is different from the office of the vice president in that
A. the office of lieutenant governor has a two-year term versus the vice president’s four-year term.
B. when governors leave their states, lieutenant governors become acting governors.
C. lieutenant governors are usually from the opposition party, whereas vice presidents are not.
D. None of these answers is correct.

82. What former governor was President George H. W. Bush’s chief of staff?
A. John Connally
B. Richard Riley
C. Bruce Babbitt
D. John Sununu

83. Prior to the election of George W. Bush to the presidency, when was the last time a Texas governor had gone on to higher elected office?
A. 1941
B. 1962
C. 1977
D. 1992

84. In most instances, the adoption of articles of impeachment results in
A. the removal of an office holder.
B. a trial in the senate.
C. a trial in a judicial court.
D. a statewide recall vote.

85. The voters of Wisconsin voted to not recall Governor Walker in 2011 because they
A. felt the governor was doing a good job.
B. did not like the idea of using a recall to remove a governor.
C. were expecting the governor to be impeached later that same year.
D. did not want the state’s lieutenant governor to become governor.

86. Why is the Texas governor’s power exceptionally weak as compared to that of the governors of some other states?
A. lack of a line-item veto
B. inability to appoint any administrative heads
C. tenure limits
D. plural executive structure

87. Most of the work of the attorney general involves ________ rather than ________.
A. civil law; criminal law
B. ceremonial functions; executive functions
C. judicial review; prosecution
D. criminal law; civil law

88. Which office created in 1876 functions as the chief fiscal and revenue forecasting office and is responsible for investing state funds?
A. the Texas Department of Treasury
B. the comptroller of public accounts
C. the office of treasurer
D. the general accounting office

89. What tool is used to forecast state economic growth, keep track of business cycles, and generally provide information on the health of the economy of Texas?
A. SMU Business Index
B. Index of State Economic Momentum
C. Dow Jones Economic Sentiment Indicator
D. State of Texas Econometric Model

90. What office was created under the 1836 constitution to administer state-owned land?
A. Texas Bureau of Land Management
B. Texas Land Board
C. General Land Office
D. Texas Department of Agriculture

91. What is currently the Texas Railroad Commission’s primary function?
A. regulation of the oil and gas industry
B. safety oversight for rail, trucking, and river traffic
C. regulatory authority over terminals, wharves, and heavy industries
D. promoting rail and trucking while regulating the safety and environmental aspects of the industry

92. Unlike most other statewide governing offices, what governing body has varied greatly in form and structure over the years?
A. Office of the Attorney General
B. State Board of Education
C. General Land Office
D. Texas Department of Agriculture

93. Which of the following defines tenure of office?
A. the ability of elected officials to succeed themselves
B. the term length
C. the term limit
D. both the ability of elected officials to succeed themselves and the term length

94. Who was the first Texas governor to be elected to three consecutive four-year terms?
A. George W. Bush
B. Rick Perry
C. Bill Clements
D. Dolph Briscoe

95. Which of the following best describes the effect the expansion of a governor’s ability to appoint and remove agency heads would have on executive authority?
A. It would diminish executive authority.
B. It would have little to no effect.
C. It would increase executive authority.
D. It would have a negative effect on executive authority.

96. The chief record keeper and election official for the state of Texas is the
A. secretary of state.
B. state recorder.
C. supervisor of elections.
D. None of these answers is correct.

97. In the process known as ________, the governor must clear his or her appointments with the state senator from the appointee’s home district.
A. political reciprocity
B. the “southern custom”
C. “good politics”
D. senatorial courtesy

98. The SOS publishes the ________, which is the source of official notices or rules, meetings, executive orders, and opinions of the attorney general that are required to be filed by state agencies.
A. Capitol Minutes
B. Executive Calendar
C. Texas Weekly Bulletin
D. Texas Register