Formal Organization Analysis

Subject: Sociology    / General Sociology
General Directions: This paper is a variation of Participant Observation. For this assignment you will
rely on your previous observational experiences and knowledge about a formal organization with which
you are currently associated or have been associated in the past. Your paper needs to be at least three
typed, double-spaced pages in length (10 to 12 font) and needs to include your name. Submit your paper
(by the due date listed in your syllabus) through the course Assignment section. This paper should be
submitted as an attachment in a Word document. Use APA format to list your textbook as a source. No
other sources are required as this is not a traditional research paper; however, if you use any additional
sources they must be listed in APA style at the end of your paper. In-text citations must be used when
appropriate. Review the material in the course syllabus on Academic Honesty and Student Conduct.
LABEL EACH SECTION SEPARATELY and write each section as an essay. Proof read your paper. You will
lose points for technical errors such as spelling and grammar mistakes and for not following directions.
Cover all the topics mentioned in each section. Each of the three sections listed below is worth 100
points for a total of 300 points. Section points will be awarded based on how thoroughly you analyze
each section according to the directions listed below. 1 2 3 Select a formal organization of which you have some knowledge through your
participation within the organization either currently or previously. This organization
needs to be an organization which you have experienced over a period of time. For section
one you must: Give a brief introduction to your organization and explain your role in the
organization. Specify the part or parts of the organization which will be the focus of your
paper. Next you need to identify your formal organization and categorize it by type or types
(normative, coercive and/or utilitarian as found in chapter 6). Explain why you consider it to
be the type or types you have mentioned. Next connect your organization to a specific social
institution (economic, political, educational or other institution) and explain why you have
made this categorization. Finally, using the “five essential tasks” of social institutions
(chapter 5) connect your organization to one or more of the essential tasks your organization
provides for society as a whole in terms of its institutional category and provide your
rationale. (100 points)
Use micro sociology to analyze patterns found within your chosen formal organization. For
section two you must: Describe the routine day-to-day interaction patterns that you have
observed within your organization. Describe the roles of routine participants within the
organization. Discuss how specific concepts/terms from the Dramaturgical approach and the
Sociology of Emotions relate to the social dynamics in this organization. Concepts from the
dramaturgical approach would be terms such as impression management, front stage
behavior, studied non-observance and/or face-saving behavior. Concepts from the sociology
of emotions are “feeling rules” and “emotional labor”. Next explain how the following
concepts relate to your observations: in-group, out-group, primary group, secondary group,
reference group and role exit. Give specific examples of leadership styles (democratic,
authoritarian and/or laissez-faire) and specific leadership functions (expressive and/or
instrumental) used by both formal and informal leaders within your organization. Discuss
how group conformity and groupthink relate to the patterns you have observed. Use
examples from your organization to illustrate the concepts/terms you use in this section of
your paper. Be certain to specifically name the concepts/terms which you are using in your
analysis. (100 points)
Use macro sociology to analyze your organization. For section three you must: Discuss
whether or not your organization is a bureaucracy or is partially a bureaucracy by analyzing
your organization using each of the five characteristics of bureaucracy listed in chapter 6 of
your textbook. Discuss how the structure of your organization affects the interaction
patterns of individuals within the organization. Discuss other social institutions and formal
organizations in the society which have an impact on the structure and functioning of this organization. Explain the potential impact of these other macro structures on your
organization. (100 points)