BS101: Additional Requirements 

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a. Briefly discuss how mutations to DNA can occur and what the effects mutations may
cause.
A permanent change in the DNA sequence occurs. While this happens the mutations
alters the amino acid sequence. The process is a permanent change in the DNA
sequence of a gene. Mutations in a gene's DNA sequence will alter the amino acid
sequences of the protein which is encoded by the gene.
b. Are mutations “good,” “bad,” both or “neutral,” from a biological perspective? Explain
your answer. Research your answer and provide internal citations and a reference page
in proper APA format.
Mutation is very tricky. On one hand, mutation is necessary to introduce variation into
the gene pool of a population. Genetic variation has been shown to correlate with
species fitness. On the other hand, most mutations are deleterious to the individuals in
which they occur. So mutation is good for the population, but generally not so good for
the individual. Some mutations arise as natural errors in DNA replication. Mutations can
also be caused by agents in the environment. Mutations can affect individuals in a
variety of ways. Change in a morphological trait. Nutritional, biochemical variation.
Change in behavior, changes in gene regulation, even lethality.
c. Compare and contrast the processes of replication and transcription (copy/pastes the
table into your document).
PROCESS

WHEN
does it
occur?

WHERE in
the cell
does it
occur?

WHAT
exactly is
happening
during the
process?

What
NUCLEOTIDE
BASES are
involved?

DNA
Replication
Transcriptio
n
d. Complete the table below reviewing the process of translation.
PROCESS

What
ORGANEL
LE is
instrument
al in the

What
NUCLEOTIDE
BASES are
involved?

STARTS
WITH (DNA
or mRNA)?

ENDS with?

STAR
TS
WITH
?
(DNA
or
mRNA
)

ENDS
WITH?
(DNA or
mRNA)

process?
Translation


Min Pages: 1 
Level of Detail: Only answer needed 
Other Requirements: Complete the two last questions C and D, fill in the tables.