Divine Roles Across Cultures

Divine Roles Across Cultures

Divine Roles Across Cultures
Select one common divine role that recurs in world mythology.


Possible options of divine roles include the following: father or mother divinities, divinities of war, home or hearth divinities, divinities of love, divinities of wisdom, divinities of medicine or health, divinities of the wind, divinities of agriculture, divinities of the sky, ruler of all the gods, and so on.


Identify the role in the title of your table.


Select two myths, each from a different culture, in which the divine role appears. Identify the divinity names and cultures in columns A and B.


Complete the table by answering each of the five questions for both selected divinities.

Title: Goddess of War     Column A

Divinity Name: Neith

Culture of Origin:Egyptian
    Column B

Divinity Name:Athena

Culture of Origin:Greek
1.     How is this divinity portrayed? Describe the divinity’s role within the myth.           
2.     Is the divinity male or female? What function does this gender play?           
3.     What are the divinity’s attributes, such as divine powers or characteristics? What objects does the divinity possess, such as a weapon or animal, that assist him or her?           
4.     Within the myth of origin, how does this divinity compare with other divinities? How does this divinity interact with or compare to divinities of the same gender and to divinities of the opposite gender?           
5.     Identify one character from contemporary culture that shares characteristics of each divinity, and explain why you chose each character. What real-life ideals does this divine role represent? How attainable are these ideals?           

Part II

 Write a 150- to 350-word short essay addressing the following: Why do so many cultures have divinities in similar roles?

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