The collective attitudes that citizens have about political issues, events and people are called

Subject: General Questions    / General General Questions
Question

CHAPTER 10

1. The collective attitudes that citizens have about political issues, events and people are called

a. political gossip

b. political values

c. public opinion

d. political agendas

2. The set of beliefs and values as a whole forming a person’s beliefs about what government should be like is called

a. political ideology

b. political values

c. public opinion

d. political

3. What are reasons people participate in politics?

a. influence policies made by government.

b. affect the outcome of elections.

c. protest a government decision.

d. All of these are correct.

4. Push polls have targeted about _________ of candidates.

a. 1/2

b. 1/3

c. 1/4

d. more than three-quarters

5. An Exit Poll would be a(n)

a. sample using a target population that is split into subgroups.

b. form of telemarketing disguised as a poll intended to give information (usually false) with the goal of influencing public opinion.

c. poll conducted on election day to try and predict election outcomes before the votes are counted.

d. nonprobability sample in which the researcher randomly invites respondents to participate in the survey.

e. unscientific mechanism to gauge public opinion.

6. Since 1952 University of Michigan researchers have conducted

a. National Election Studies

b. General Behavioral Studies

c. Q rating Studies

d. none of the above

7 One of the most infamous inaccurate polls ever due to the method of conducting the poll was the_______________ ?

a. Literary Digest Poll

b. Harris Poll

c. Gallop Poll

d. None of the above

8. Peoples political party preferences are acquired from

a. their families

b. the region of the country they live in

c. their education

d. all of the above

9. The term gender gap refers to differences between men and women in

a. political opinions

b. income level

c. morality

d. education

10. What are agents of socialization

a. family networks

b. peers

c . social networks

d. all of the above

11. The term which refers to the collective political opinions of a society

a. popular opinion

b. majority opinion

c. public opinion

d. neither of the above

12. Political scientist define political socialization as:

a. The process through which individuals form their political beliefs and values

b. Public acceptance of Democracy

c. The enforcement of Equality of opportunity

d. the process of suggesting through the questions the answer to be given in a poll

13. The outcome of a poll can be effected by

a. the phrasing of the questions

b. the order of the questions

c. the interviewer

d. all of the above

e. a and b only

14. Parents, Peers, Religion ,and Demographics are all

a. irrelevant

b. responsible for the problems individuals face

c. are agents of political socialization

d. unrelated a person’s political opinions

CHAPTER 15

15. In Federalist No. 10 James Madison described how government could be designed to control _____________

a. political parties

b. factions

c. unions.

d. monarchies

16. Using high paid professionals to contact legislators is as example of

a. lobbying

b. grass roots lobbying

c. astro-turf

d. none of the above

17. When P.R. firms try to create the impression in Congress that a political position has

tremendous grassroots support by hiring people to cause constituents to make contact with congress, that is referred to as

a. skimming the Congress

b. scamming the Congress

c. groundswell politics

d. Astroturf

18. Cesar Chavez organized the

a. National Farm Workers Association/UFW

b. Teamsters Union

c. AFL-CIO

d. none of these are correct

19. A magazine as a benefit given to members of an interest group would be considered closest to which type of benefit?

a. Purposive benefit

b. Solidary benefit

c. Material benefit

d. Neither

20. Which of the following is not a group or faction that has an large impact on the government?

a. the media

b. interest groups

c. political parties

d. political scientists

21. An organized group that seeks to influence the government through winning elections.

a. political party

b. government corporation

c. interest group

d. political faction

22. Mothers against drunk driving would be an example of

a. single interest groups

b. ideological groups

c. labor unions

d. public interest groups

23. The groups which lobby in behalf of workers are

a. trade associations

b. ideological groups

c. labor unions

d. public interest groups groups

24. The nation’s first two parties can be traced to the

a. Liberals and Conservatives.

b. Moderates and Extremists.

c. Federalists and Anti-Federalists.

d. Democrats and Whigs.

25. A consumer rights group would be an example of a(n)

a. trade associations

b. ideological groups

c. labor unions

d. public interest groups

26. Interest groups hire these people to communicate with government authorities.

a. campaign managers

b. lobbyists

c. media consultants

d. retirees

28. Which of the following do interest groups lobby?

a. the courts

b. the executive branch

c. the Congress

d. all of the above

29. The NAACP has been most known for using

a. the executive branch.

b. the media.

c. the courts.

d. the legislative branch

30. A(n)______________consists of people who share a cause or concern and organize into a group in an attempt to influence legislation.

a. political party.

b. interest group.

c. political faction.

d. lobbyist group.

31. They are hired by interest groups to communicate with government authorities.

a. consultants.

b. lobbyists.

c. media advisors.

d. committee chairs.

32. Most lobbyists are former

a. used car salesmen.

b. political scientists.

c legislators.

d. judges.

33. The key to being a successful lobbyist is having

a. connections with the courts.

b. the support of the media.

c. access to the lawmakers.

d. a celebrity endorsement.

32. Campaign contributions are so important because

a. they help elect candidates friendly to the goals of the contributors

b. they enable the group to get access to influential legislators

c. they enable groups to have input into party platforms

d. all of the above

32 The case of Citizens United v. FEC (2010) has had great impact upon

a. voter ID

b. voter registration

c. campaign finance

d. none of the above

33. View the film “The Unelected: The Lobbies” as assigned and take notes, several questions on the exam may be about information from the film.

34. Campaign contributions are so important because

a. they help elect candidates friendly to the goals of the contributors

b. they enable the group to get access to influential legislators

c. they enable groups to have input into party platforms

d. all of the above

35 The case of Citizens United v. FEC (2010) has had great impact upon

a. voter ID

b. voter registration

c. campaign finance

d. none of the above

36. These groups are not covered by campaign spending restrictions

a. 501 c(4) s

b. 527s

c. SUPER PACS/Independent expenditure committees

d. all are exempt from campaign spending restrictions

37. The right of interest groups to gather and speak is protected by

a. the Declaration of Independence.

b. the Magna Carta.

c. the First Amendment.

d. the 27th Amendment.

38. This interest group formed to educate the public about drunk drivers.

a. NAACP

b. Mothers Against Drunk Driving

c. American Medical Association

d. American Distilleries Alliance

39. A “friend of the court” brief is called

a. ad valorem.

b. corpus delecti.

c. amicus curiae.

d. habeas corpus.

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

41. The most important influence in establishing americans first party identification is

a. peers

b. school

c. parents

d. religion

42. This feature of our system hampers 3rd Parties chances of success

a. Winner Take All (plurality) system

b. Single member district system, for allocation of seats

c. a and b

d. neither a nor b

43. The Libertarian Party is an example of

a. a radical third party.

b. an issue-based third party.

c. an interest group.

d. an ideological third party.

44. Incumbents are more likely to win elections because

a. of name recognition.

b. they campaign harder.

c. of their high ethics.

d. fewer people know them well.

45. This agency has authority to regulate federal elections.

a. Federal Political Commission.

b. Federal Election Commission.

c. Federal Communications Commission.

d. Federal Equal Time Commission.

46. America’s first parties were formed

a. due to differences in race.

b. due to opinions about the function of a national government.

c. due to the Women’s suffrage movement.

d. due to foreign policy differences.

47. Which of the following third (minor) Parties has been most successful in recent presidential elections.

a. Libertarian Party.

b. Reform Party/ United We Stand Party.

c. Democratic Party.

d. Green Party.

48. When members of a political party go to the other party over an extended period it is called a

a. realignment

b. dealignment

c. a deviating election

d. a normative election

49. When members of a political party vote as expected it is called a

a. realignment

b. dealignment

c. a deviating election

d. a normative election

50. When members of a political party vote in an unexpected way in one election it is called a

a. realignment

b. dealignment

c. a deviating election

d. a normative election

51. A president thought to be the closest to a bipartisan president was

a. Kennedy

b. Eisenhower

c. Reagan

d. Clinton

52. According to scholars about ________ of the promises of the victorious party in a presidential election usually are completely or substantially implemented

a. one-fourth

b. one-third

c. one-half

d. two-thirds

53. The governing body of the major parties is called the

a. national party assembly

b. national party convention

c. national party committee

d. national party delegation

54. Who intervened to remove state imposed restrictions on participation?

a. Members of Congress.

b. Members of the Supreme Court

c. Members of State Legislature

d. Both a and b are correct.

55. Which statement is correct?

a. The greatest number of amendments to the Constitution on any issue deal with voting rights.

b. The greatest number of amendments deal with change in the structure of federal government.

c. The limitations on voting rights were set aside by the Fifteenth Amendment.

d. Both a and c are correct.

56. All of these are considered to be significant reasons for voting except

a. It gives government political legitimacy.

b. It links individuals to the political system.

c. It protects individuals and groups from governmental abuses.

d. It reduces individual benefits at the expense of public good.

57. The major source of restrictions on voter participation in the past was the

a. federal government.

b. state government.

c. city government.

d. county government.

58. The legal devices created by many states to prevent blacks from voting became known as

a. Jim Crow Laws.

b. Jim Wells Laws.

c. State’s Rights Laws.

d. None of these are correct.

59. All of these are examples of Jim Crow Laws except

a. Black Primary

b. White Primary

c. Literacy Test

d. Grandfather Clause

60. The poll tax was

a. a fee to be paid to register to vote.

b. intended to discriminate against blacks.

c. declared unconstitutional in state and local elections with the passage of the Twenty Fourth Amendment.

d. Both a and b are correct.

61. What Supreme Court case declared the grandfather clause unconstitutional?

a. Guinn v. U.S.

b. Smith v. Allwright

c. Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections

d. Brown v. Board of Election

62. The congressional act that suspended the literacy test as a condition for voting is called the

a. Voting Rights Act of 1965.

b. Civil Rights Act of 1964.

c. Universal Suffrage Rights of 1910.

d. None of these are correct.

63. All of these are requirements for voter qualifications except

a. 21 Years of Age

b. American Citizen

c. Registered Voter

d. Residency

64. The reason for registration requirement is to

a. avoid electoral fraud.

b. make sure he/she is a citizen.

c. make sure he/she is a partisan voter.

d. Both a and b are correct.

65. The major reason for the passage of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 was to

a. identify those who were naturalized American citizens.

b. determine why minority voters tend to vote less frequency.

c. encourage greater electoral participation.

d. reduce the frequency of electoral participation.

66. In which state are voters not required to declare their party preference in the primary until at they arrive at the polls?

and not before?

a. Texas

b. Tennessee

c. Virginia

d. All of the above

67. _______________was spent in National, state and local elections in 2012?

a. $5 Billion

b. $ 2 Billion

c. $1 Billion

d. $300 million

68. Which statement is correct?

a. 527 committees and super PACs were designed to get around the restrictions of McCain-

Feingold

b. McCain-Feingold was designed to reduce the power PACs.

c. 501c(4)s and 527s and super PACs can spend far more that PACs.

d. All of these are correct.

69. Voter turnout rate is lower in American than most of other industrial democracies because

a. the frequency of election is higher in American than Europe.

b. more party choices are given to European voters than American voters.

c. the American party system lacks a major left-wing socialist party.

d. All of these are correct.

70. Primary election is held

a. prior to the general election.

b. after the convening of general election.

c. to allow voters who identify themselves with a particular party to select nominees.

d. Both a and b are correct,

71. Which device, in nominating candidates, is considered to be democratic?

a. Caucus

b. Convention

c. Primary

d. Both a and b.

72. The dual primary

a. is prevalent only in most of the southern states.

b. requires a candidate to receive a plurality of votes in order to be nominated.

c. requires a candidate to receive a majority of votes in order to be nominated.

d. Both a and c are correct.

73. Which election is used to determine who will occupy an elected office?

a. general election

b. special election

c. primary election

d. recall election

74. Which Supreme Court case decided that giving money to one’s own campaign is a form of free speech?

a. Buckley v Valeo

b. McCulloch v. Maryland

c. Brown v. Board of Education

d. None of these.

75. How much can an individual contribute per election to any candidate’s campaign?

a. $20,000

b. $1,000

c. $2,000

d. unlimited