Behaviorism – Behavior Voluntary or Involuntary

Subject: General Questions    / General General Questions
If you find yourself confusing classical and operant conditioning, fill out the following
chart by asking the following questions: Is the behavior voluntary (operant conditioning)
or involuntary (classical conditioning)? Does the learning involve an association
between two stimuli (classical conditioning) or between a response and an outcome
(operant conditioning)?

Behavior Voluntary or Involuntary? Type of Conditioning:
Classical or Operant After receiving a small
shock from the “invisible
fence” surrounding his yard,
a dog no longer crosses the
You flinch when someone
yells “Duck!”
You ask more questions in
class after the professor
praises you for a good
The pupil of your eyes
dilates after you enter a
darkened theater
Remember, both positive and negative reinforcement lead to an increase in behavior,
while punishment decreases behavior. In punishment something bad occurs following an
undesirable behavior, while in negative reinforcement something bad is removed. (read
module 20). Complete the following chart (an example is done for you):
Behavior Consequence Driving while
Forgetting to give
your roommate a
phone message
Putting on your coat
so that you are no
longer cold
Getting a drink
when you are thirsty
Using your laptop
until the battery dies
Your brother Lose driver’s
license Which is Taken
Away: Something
Good or Bad?
Good Punishment or
Punishment nagging you until
you help him with
his homework