Penn BUS 06033 – Deciding whether to express yourself
Subject: Business    / General Business   

1. Deciding whether to express yourself, inform others, or persuade readers are issues are related to the _______ of writing an essay.

A. medium

B. point of view

C. purpose

D. audience

2. For most academic writing, the types of evidence preferred include

A. general statements and quotations by well-known individuals.

B. a combination of assertions and first-hand experiences.

C. facts, statistics, and expert testimony.

D. personal observations and opinions

3. Most-to-least, spatial, and chronological are all

A. methods of organization.

B. patterns of development.

C. thesis statement orders.

D. critical reading techniques

4. When you write, the tone, vocabulary, and type of information you choose should vary depending on your

A. values.

B. audience.

C. biases.

D. education.

5. Karen asserts that a thesis statement is best developed as part of the prewriting process. Kyle claims that a thesis statement should be completely developed before the writer is sure of the topic. Who is correct?

A. Neither Karen nor Kyle is correct.

B. Both Karen and Kyle are correct.

C. Only Kyle is correct.

D. Only Karen is correct.

6. Elliot has created a paragraph-by-paragraph outline that consists of a few key words or phrases this type of outline is known as a _______ outline.

A. graphical

B. simple

C. scratch

D. key word

7. In evaluating a thesis statement, it's important to bear in mind that it should

A. make an assertion.

B. serve as an announcement regarding what the essay is about.

C. be general rather than specific.

D. focus on at least two or three points.

8. The introduction to an essay should not only engage the reader's attention, but also

A. defend your approach to the topic.

B. state your conclusions about the topic.

C. present your thesis statement and your approach.

D. present a call to action.

9. What is the function of the body of an essay?

A. To support and explain the thesis

B. To generate fresh ideas

C. To capture the reader's attention

D. To narrow the topic

10. An effective title not only indicates the topic, but often suggests your

A. audience.

B. tone.

C. recommendations.

D. approach.

11. One strategy for writing an effective conclusion to an essay is to

A. introduce new supporting evidence that wasn't included in the body.

B. remind readers of the relevance of the topic.

C. Introduce the conclusion with a signaling phrase, such as "In conclusion," or "To sum things up."

D. directly restate your thesis.

12. Please read the following excerpt from an essay, and answer the question that follows.

Biologically, adolescence is marked by hormonal changes that produce secondary sexual characteristics. These include breast development in females and beard growth in males. Psychologically, however, adolescence is a concept that applies only to modern industrial societies. In fact, in most preliterate or tribal societies, the modern American idea of adolescence simply does not exist. In such societies, the social roles of adulthood are to be learned during childhood. Then, around the time of biological puberty, a child becomes an adult through a ritual anthropologists call a rite of passage. By contrast, in American society, adolescence amounts to a sort of social and cultural limbo. Informally, the end of childhood is often marked by one's thirteenth birthday. The child is now a "teenager." More formally, the end of adolescence is marked by legal strictures that vary irrationally. In a given state the age of sexual consent may be 16 for girls and 18 for boys. An 18-year-old may vote or enlist to die for his country, but, until he reaches age 21, he may not legally purchase alcoholic beverages.

If the topic of this paragraph is adolescence, which of the following statements best captures the thesis?

A. Adolescence is an irrational concept.

B. Adolescence is an aspect of modern society.

C. Western society has no single concept of adolescence.

D. Adolescence is defined differently in different societies.

13. Latisha is writing an essay on the subject of increasing the minimum wage, and wants to ensure that her essay will engage or entice readers. Which method of organization will most likely support her aim?

A. Most-to-least

B. Least-to-most

C. Spatial

D. Chronological

14. Information that distracts from or doesn't support the topic sentence detracts from the overall _______ of a paragraph.

A. tone

B. evidence

C. unity

D. point of view

15. If you're creating an opening paragraph and you present supporting details in the beginning, your topic sentence is most likely to be

A. at the end of the paragraph.

B. in the next paragraph.

C. in the first sentence.

D. in the second sentence.

16. As a general rule, where in your essay is it best to place your thesis statement?

A. In the first, introductory paragraph of the essay

B. Anywhere at all, because the best thesis statement is implied, not specified

C. At the end of the essay, as part of the conclusion

D. In the second or third paragraph of the body of the essay

17. _______ is a method of narrowing a topic through subdividing it into subtopics, choosing one and subdividing it further until you've settled on a topic that is interesting, appropriate, and manageable.

A. Branching

B. Processing

C. Outlining

D. Mapping

18. Which of the following transitional expressions would be considered a logical connection?

A. Briefly

B. In the distance

C. For example

D. Frequently

19. Lillian is looking for ideas to write about, and she decides to make a list of everything she can think of that relates to the topic of teenage romance. Which concept best describes Lillian's strategy?

A. Free association

B. Outlining

C. Brainstorming

D. Mapping

20. When creating a formal outline, all items at the same level need to

A. support the topic or subtopic under which it is placed.

B. express a new thought or idea.

C. relate to the following topic or subtopic.

D. relate to the preceding topic or subtopic