Your social, spiritual, religious, or personal beliefs may or may not conflict with information in Haviland etal. (2010, 2013, p. 208-212), which suggests that human sexuality is more accurately expressed in terms of male, female, and intersexual identities. Accordingly, in the United States macroculture, gender identity is founded upon beliefs, values, attitudes, rules of conduct, and even taboos embedded in the social framework. Whether a person identifies as male, female, or intersexual is determined by her or his personal choices, relationship with the collective socio-cultural body, and other variables that affect open expression of human sexuality. Research performed by Chase, Dumurat-Dreger, Fausto-Sterling, and The Mayo Clinic finds that genetic factors determine the nature of human sexuality. This recent scientific evidence explicitly reveals that genetic development affecting the 23rd chromosomal set determines biological sex (as cited in Haviland, Prins, Walrath, & McBride, 2010, 2013, pp. 208-209). Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that, while human biological sex is genetically determined, gender identity is a socio-cultural construct shaped by socializing agents and institutions that assign gender roles.

1. Considering the findings of expert authorities contained in Haviland etal., explain how human sexuality is determined by genetic development. (100-250 word limit)

2. Considering your reading of Haviland etal. and the definition of culture discussed in class, explain two opposing cultural worldviews regarding gender identity. (100-250 word limit) New Learning Component: (A) What new learning did you encounter while completing this assignment? (B) How will you apply your new learning to your life? (C) How will you use your new learning to make the world a better place for yourself and Sacred Others?