11. The “Young America” movement argued that

A) revolutions in other countries were dangerous. B) democracy was unique to America and could not be exported. C) England was the cause of all American problems. D) all foreigners should be deported. E) democracy would triumph everywhere.

12. The United States attempted to establish some control over a future canal across the isthmus of Central America by negotiating with

A) France. B) Spain. C) Great Britain. D) Germany. E) Colombia.

13. Stephen Douglas staunchly believed that the slavery question in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska should be resolved by

A) protecting slavery. B) the Supreme Court. C) banning slavery. D) popular sovereignty. E) amending the Constitution.

14. Buchanan’s reaction to the Lecompton constitution was to

A) support it because it provided for the gradual emancipation of slaves in Kansas. B) refuse to submit it to Congress because it abolished slavery. C) support it as a perfect example of popular sovereignty. D) refuse to submit it to Congress because it permitted slavery. E) support it despite the fraud perpetrated by the pro-slavery faction.

15. In The Impending Crisis of the South, Hinton R. Helper

A) demanded the reopening of the African slave trade. B) alarmed Southerners when he argued that without re-opening of the international slave trade, the South would face a severe labor shortage. C) treated John Brown as a saint. D) supported the Crittenden amendment to the Constitution. E) alarmed Southerners when he argued that slavery was ruining the South’s economy and social structure.

16. According to your text, the Civil War was fought to

A) destroy slavery. B) please the abolitionists. C) preserve the Union. D) punish the South. E) profit northern manufacturers.

17. Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, and Benjamin Wade were leaders of the

A) Radical Republicans. B) Copperheads. C) War Democrats. D) Lincoln Republicans. E) Peace Democrats.

18. Even though he did not defeat Lee, McClellan managed at least to stop his 1862 invasion of the North at

A) First Manassas. B) Antietam. C) Gettysburg. D) Second Manassas. E) Shiloh.

19. How did blacks react to the Emancipation Proclamation?

A) They were suspicious about Lincoln’s motives. B) They saw it as a beacon promising future improvement. C) They were overjoyed by its immediate abolition of slavery. D) New York City blacks rioted for four days in their anger at its shortcomings. E) They were largely indifferent to it because it had no immediate impact.

20. In his second inaugural address, Lincoln

A) urged tolerance and mercy toward the South. B) promised to free the slaves. C) made no efforts to calm Southern fears about his administration. D) reiterated the themes and goals of his first inaugural address. E) claimed he would not interfere with slavery in the states where it already existed.

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