us history-industrialization


Increased industrialization led to

A) a reduction in child labor

B) the elimination of the working class

C) improvements in factory work environments

D) an increase in the number of people working in manufacturing



As part of the garment industry, adults and children worked making clothes in small, crowded rooms called sweatshops. Their hours were long. Their pay was little. Often the rooms were dark. What advantage were sweatshops to the textile industry?

A) They eliminated textile factories

B) They kept the cost of production low

C) They employed only women and children

D) They helped families create their own small businesses



Labor unions formed as a way to help workers

A) find better jobs

B) learn more skilled trades

C) improve their working conditions

D) increase the hours children could work



What effect did the discovery of gold in the Black Hills have on the Sioux?

A) an improved economy

B) loss of native lands

C) less government intervention

D) expansion of the reservation system



In 1906, Congress passed teh Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act. Both laws were in response to industry practices exposed by

A) muckrakers

B) political machines

C) corrupt politicians

D) company presidents



While there were only a hundred public schools in 1860, by 1914 the number of public schools had risen to 12,000. Progressive education included teaching good citizenship and character. Which is the BEST reason for civic education to be part of a progressive curriculum?

A) Civic education lowers educational costs

B) Good citizenship is essential to good government

C) An informed citizen is less likely to participate in government

D) Civic education gives a greater understanding of the Pendleton Act



The People's Party was formed by the

A) Populists

B) Progressives

C) labor unions

D) muckrakers



The 17th Amendment calls for the election of United States senators by

A) the people

B) state legislatures

C) only other senators

D) registered progressives



The Spanish-American War was fought to

A) allow Cuba to become part of the U.S.

B) free Cuba from Spanish rule

C) assist Spain in establishing control of the Cuban government

D) remove United States military presence in Cuba



Late 19th century and early 20th century American imperialism can be explained as

A) a desire to profit both politically and economically from involvement in foreign countries

B) working to maintain a balance of political power within the Western Hemisphere

C) having little interest in expanding American economic and political influence

D) a lack of concern for expanding the military power of the United States



1898 marks they year of

A) the Platt Amendment

B) Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

C) the Spanish-American War

D) the opening of the Panama Canal



Roosevelt believed American military, economic, and political interests were served by

A) limiting contact with Cuba

B) restricting foreign policy to trade with Europe

C) building the Panama Canal

D) encouraging French and Spanish influence in Latin America



Match the following terms to the descriptions below.

A. Ellis Island

B. Tammany Hall

C. Jane Addams

D. Hamilton Fish

E. Samuel Gompers

F. The Jungle


*Democratic political machine in New York City

*Founder of Hull House

*Main U.S. immigration center

*Exposed the Chicago meat packing industry

*Called for a civil service merit system to replace the spoils system

*Established the American Federation of Labor




Most "new" immigrants in the late 1800's

A) settled on farms

B) were skilled workers and professionals

C) took factory and construction jobs in cities

D) moved to the West



A notorious political boss was

A) William LeBaron Jenney

B) Louis H. Sullivan

C) Charles B. Stover

D) William M. Tweed



Farmers in the late 19th century were disturbed by all of the following except

A) inflation

B) railroad freight charges

C) high interest rates

D) loss of their farms



The purpose of Jim Crow laws was to introduce and maintain segregation.

A) True

B) False



Civil service reformers wanted to abolish the spoils system.

A) True

B) False



A major cause of the Spanish-American War was an uprising on the island of Puerto Rico.

A) True

B) False



The explosion of the USS Maine was found to be caused by Spanish patriots.

A) True

B) False



From the 1860's to 1920, the major feminist effort was to

A) increase the number of jobs open to women

B) broaden women's educational opportunities

C) gain the vote for women

D) elect more women to Congress



All of the following political reforms were widely adopted during the Progressive era except

A) election of U.S. senators by state legislatures

B) initiative

C) referendum

D) recall



Theodor Roosevelt's presidential administration is known as the

A) Square Deal

B) New Deal

C) New Freedom

D) New Nationalism



Upton Sinclair's The Jungle led to the adoption of the

A) Interstate Commerce Act

B) Newlands Act

C) Meat Inspection Act

D) Hepburn Act



The People's Party later became known as

A) The Grange

B) Muckrakers

C) Progressive Party

D) Populist Party



Select all of the terms used to discribe Theodore Roosevelt's presidency

A) The 3 C's

B) Square Deal

C) Trustbuster

D) New Deal

E) Speak softly and carry a big stick

F) Strick maker