Strategy Formulation
Please no plagiarism

Purpose of Assignment
The Week 4 individual assignment is the second part of a three part strategic management plan for the company selected by the student in Week 3. The purpose of the
assignment is for students to establish long-term goals and objectives; indicate, specify and discuss strategies; and investigate, consider and describe specific
business strategies including vertical integration and strategic alliances, to achieve competitive advantage in the industry. The student also generates an appropriate
organizational chart in alignment with the stated strategies.
Weeks 3, 4, and 5 Individual Assignments are integrated to generate a Strategic Management Plan. This is Part 2 of the three part Strategic Management Plan.
Assignment Steps
Write a 1,050-word report on the company you selected in Week 3, following up on the Individual Assignment of Week 3 (Environmental Scanning), and address the
Establish Long-term Goals and Objectives
Strategy Formulation.
Indicate the markets that the company will pursue.
Specify the unique value the company will offer in the selected markets.
Discuss the resources and capabilities that are required.
Analyze how the company will capture value and sustain competitive advantage over time.
Business Management Strategy
Consider Cost and Differentiation Advantages.
Describe the Corporate Strategy.
Investigate Vertical Integration.
Describe Strategic Alliances.
Detail the Company Competitive Advantage.
Generate an Organizational Chart of the company you selected.
Cite at least 3 scholarly references.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Strategic Management Plan
March 12, 2017
Strategic Management Plan
An environmental scan is a process that systematically surveys and interprets data to identify opportunities and threats. It enables an organization to gather
information about self, its competitors, and the external world. The organizations then alter its strategies and plans if the need arises. Coca-Cola Company is
familiar since it has been operational for a long while, the nineteenth century. Environmental scanning is conducted in several steps. First, information about the
world where in this case, coca cola operates, is gathered. For instance, the economy, the government, political and demographic factors. Then, the organization should
focus on its competitors, the current trends, opportunities, and threats. The last step is internally scanning the organization; its strengths and weakness (Hill &
Jones, 2010).
Coca-Cola is a company established in many nations across the world. It, therefore, earns income in many foreign countries which have different income and cooperation
tax. An increase in such taxes affects the company’s finances negatively since the income would be lower. Also, fluctuating exchange rates could result in losses when
trading in foreign countries. With the current population, people are getting to embrace and practice healthy lifestyles due to the increased knowledge of nutrition.
Thus, people prefer snacks with less sugar and fat content. With coca cola being a beverage company, its products, therefore, have to be in line with the customers’
Environmentally, coca cola has challenges with its packaging of using more sustainable and environmentally friendly products. Coca cola’s cans and bottles always state
if they are recyclable and how they should be disposed of correctly. The world is becoming digital with all the technological advancements. Therefore, coca cola should
try and tap into this field, or rather, embrace it and use it to their advantage. Coca-Cola has tried and managed to come up with an app that enables the user to
create a can with a message on it and send it. This is an exciting way of communicating with friends through the brand. Hence, it also promotes the brand.
Coca-Cola invests a lot on their customers by promoting their brand since they believe that sustainable growth of the company can only be achieved through a
relationship with the customers which later translate to sales (Ireland, Hoskisson, & Hitt, 2008). The company also has strong ethics. They help its employees develop
skills and move them further into their career goals. Its suppliers should prove to be sound, ethical and sustainable to ensure that the products don’t run short and
the customers can access what they want and whenever. Coca-Cola is assumed to be monopolistic. However, it faces competition from Pepsi which has their brand all over
the world and has also witnessed a growth net in their revenue.
Coca-Cola has been the leading soft drink company since the nineteenth century up to date. Customers, therefore, trust the brand. Their competitive advantage can be
attributed to their secret recipe which arguably tastes better and the company’s ability to come up with new products and enhance the old ones. Currently, coca cola
offers over four hundred brands hence enabling the consumer to choose one that’s suitable for him in regards to health and preference. Coca-Cola has one of the most
comprehensive distribution system, which has made its products accessible to billions of people worldwide. Also, incorporation of technological advancements to their
production has cut the production cost by a huge percentage hence resulting in high-profit margins.
As stated earlier, coca cola stays vigilant with the updated technology since it translates to automation which cuts down on human labor hence saving costs that
could’ve been incurred (Labitan, 2012). Technology also reduces the production costs which in turn increases the profit margin. Another strategy of gaining a
competitive edge, coca cola aims at producing different drinks by modifying its ingredients slightly. They can also increase the quality of their products and charge
slightly higher prices to cover additional costs of production due to the changes. This increases the company’s chance of winning customers confidence.
The company also aims at rebranding their products, its cans, bottles and their labels. This is set to realize more sales. Also, consumers with special needs such as
the obese and the diabetic people, the company aims at innovating products that satisfy their needs, such as low sugar and fat content. Another strategy is reducing
the price of its products. This can be achieved by minimizing production costs. Hence, the products can be sold at a low price which is equal or close to the market
price. Moreover, coca cola aims at investing resources in promoting its brand and products through advertising, sales promotions and public relations. This is done
through the media such as the televisions, radios, and billboards, not also forgetting the social media. It is done to urge the customers to try a new product or buy
more of an old product.
To examine the effectiveness of the above strategies, measurement guidelines are set so as to have a performance scorecard. One of the guideline set is measuring the
ratio of input to output. This determines productivity and cost effectiveness. It is known as efficiency measures, and an example is comparing the cost of a batch of
resources used to produce a soft drink and the returns of that specific batch. With strategies in place, goals are set, for instance, having a certain amount of
turnover annually. Outcome measures see to it that these goals are achieved. Coca-Cola also aims at producing quality products. Quality measures show improvement in
compliance, accuracy, and competence. An example includes an audit conducted that are within a range of accuracy.
Project measures are used to measure any progress in an initiative that has a terminus. For instance, if coca cola has launched a new product and to gauge the
consumer’s response, they only produce and sell a particular amount of the product. To determine the customers’ response to the product, the percentage of the already
sold product is used in comparison with the time it sold. Also, the addition of new customers is a measure of the company’s effectiveness. This could be evident with
an increase in the number of suppliers or increased demand in department stores and shops.
The efficiency measures enable the company to note any variations that may occur within the production of the product and its sales. As a result, the company can
combat these changes before they cause adverse effects in the company. Its findings are recorded and are later analyzed. These data can be used in the future in making
informed decisions or formulating strategies. The ratio of output to input enables the company to gauge its efficiency and its financial status. This is because, if
the input cost is more than the output, then the company is running losses. However, if the output is more than the input, then the company is incurring profits, and
hence, the company should aim at sustaining it that way.
Furthermore, the progressive measures keep the company’s activities in check so that its strengths and weaknesses are noted. The information obtained helps the company
in innovating ways of combating the weaknesses and maintaining its strengths. Outcome measures findings gauge if the implementation of the strategies has enabled the
company to achieve its goals. In case some goals are not achieved, then the management has to formulate other strategies and plans that would help the organization
achieve its goals. Therefore, the measurement guidelines aids in determining the progress of the organization and any faults which need to be altered. In conclusion,
strategic management plan is an effective way of managing an organization since it pinpoints the organization’s faults which need to be corrected and any possible
opportunities that the organization can venture.
Hill, C. & Jones, G. (2010). Strategic management theory: an integrated approach. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Ireland, R., Hoskisson, R. & Hitt, M. (2008). Understanding business strategy: concepts and cases. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Labitan, B. (2012). Moats: the competitive advantages of Buffett & Munger businesses. United States: