POli330 final exam April 2017
Subject: Political Science / General Political Science
Question 1.1. (TCO 1) _____ is the use of public office for private gain. (Points : 2)
Question 2.2. (TCO 1) Despite a disputed 2000 presidential election, once President George W. Bush took office, few people doubted his _____. (Points : 2)
Question 3.3. (TCO 1) Relating concepts in a way that connects them in an empirical manner is the basis of _____ building. (Points : 2)
Question 4.4. (TCO 1) _____ refers to something based on observable evidence. (Points : 2)
Question 5.5. (TCO 4) What type of law—which was developed by medieval Catholic theologians—argues that observing nature reveals God’s will? (Points : 2)
Question 6.6. (TCO 4) Under which of the following circumstances might a case be pursued as both a criminal and a civil case? (Points : 2)
The federal government accuses investment houses of wrongdoing and investors who lost money sue them.
Drug traffickers violate property and federal law by moving drugs across state borders.
Burglars violate federal property and the state sues them for damages.
A state accuses banks of mortgage fraud in mortgages sold to investors elsewhere in the nation.
Question 7.7. (TCO 4) The concept of judicial review falls under which article of the U.S. Constitution? (Points : 2)
Article I: The Legislative Branch
Article III: The Judicial Branch
Article VI: Debts, Supremacy, Oaths
Judicial review is not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution.
Question 8.8. Compare the election cycles of federal and state judges. (Points : 2)
State judges are elected directly, and federal judges go through an electoral college.
State judges are elected based on population, and federal judges are elected per state.
State judges are elected, and federal judges are appointed.
The election process is nearly identical.
Question 9.9. (TCO 4) How does the American concept of judicial review compare to the role of courts in foreign systems? (Points : 2)
Most countries maintain a similar process of judicial review, which evaluates federal laws against the nation’s constitution.
Judicial review is more highly developed in the United States than in any other country, and Americans expect more of their courts than do other peoples.
The United States is the only developed nation to maintain the process of judicial review.
Most foreign constitutions are exempt from judicial review, stripping the courts of any power they might have in shaping legislation.
Question 10.10. (TCO 4) Describe the primary jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court. (Points : 2)
It makes initial rulings on all federal cases, whether civil or criminal.
It rules on high penalty cases, including those with life sentences and the death penalty.
Its jurisdiction is almost entirely appellate, from lower federal or state supreme courts.
Its jurisdiction is broad, ranging from appellate rulings to original rulings in federal crimes.
Question 11.11. (TCO 4) Compare the Warren Court to those immediately succeeding it. (Points : 2)
The Warren Court was generally considered conservative, but subsequent courts were seen as more liberal.
Subsequent courts were conservative, but not nearly as conservative as the Warren Court.
Succeeding Courts failed to represent the conservative agenda of the Warren Court.
While the Warren Court was rather progressive, subsequent courts were viewed as conservative.
Question 12.12. (TCO 5) Which systems demonstrate the clearest separation of power between the executive and legislative branches? (Points : 2)
Question 13.13. (TCO 5) In Europe, a cabinet is equivalent to the U.S. _____. (Points : 2)
Question 14.14. (TCO 5) Because of the separation of powers inherent in a presidential system, some scholars think that executive-legislative _____ is common in systems like that used in the United States. (Points : 2)
Question 15.15. (TCO 5) Each division of government in a parliamentary system is headed by a _____. (Points : 2)
Question 1.1. (TCO 5) When it comes to electing officials, which factor matters the most to voters in both presidential and parliamentary elections? (Points : 2)
Money invested in campaign
Question 2.2. (TCO 5) In the case of both parliamentary and presidential systems, examine the reason democracies will not vanish, even though the executive seems to be receiving more and more power. (Points : 2)
Checks and balances keep the chief executive from gaining too much power.
Chief executives will eventually have to face reelection, which depends greatly on the approval of voting citizens.
Both systems have methods by which to oust chief executives.
Subordinates carry out some of the workload of the chief executive.
Question 3.3. (TCO 5) Describe how the United States expands its cabinet. (Points : 2)
The president can create a new department at his or her will.
Congress must agree on the new department and provisions for its funds must be made.
In order for a new department to be developed, a former one must be deleted.
New departments are no longer developed.
Question 4.4. (TCO 7) Radicals use the term political economy instead of _____,”which is a hard sell these days. (Points : 2)
pure market system
Question 5.5. (TCO 7) How do Keynesian economic policies differ from the traditional laissez-faire policies developed by Adam Smith? (Points : 2)
Laissez-faire advocates for “cutthroat” capitalism, and Keynesian policies seek to spread wealth equally among a nation’s citizens.
Keynesian economics advocate for increased government control of economics, and traditional laissez-faire argues for a hands-free approach.
Smithian policies advocate for increased spending and stimuli for government-run businesses, and Keynesian economics argues for a hands-free approach.
The more liberal Smithian economies distribute wealth more evenly among society, and Keynesian economics tends to distribute wealth among the top 1%.
Question 6.6. (TCO 7) Conservatives hold that Johnson’s Great Society was a waste of money, locking recipients into _____ and encouraging a subculture of drugs and crime. (Points : 2)
social safety nets
Question 7.7. (TCO 7) Which of the following is an increasing financial concern of the Medicare program? (Points : 2)
The proportion of older people in American society is increasing steadily.
Every American citizen on reaching 65 obtains Medicare, regardless of class.
Economic inequality renders Medicare more necessary for some than for others.
Wealthy Americans are taking advantage of the Medicare system.
Question 8.8. (TCO 7) According to political scientist Ira Sharkansky, “All modern states are welfare states, and all welfare states are _____.” (Points : 2)
Question 9.9. (TCO 7) Compare American and Canadian views on the size of government. (Points : 2)
Americans believe the government is too small, and Canadians feel that government intrudes on individual privacy.
As citizens of similar nations located in North America, both Americans and Canadians feel that government is too large.
Americans and Canadians generally agree that government should be larger, funding welfare programs such as Medicaid and food stamps.
Many Americans believe government is too large, and Canadians recognize that government has a pivotal role to play and accept higher taxes.
Question 10.10. (TCO 7) Many conservative economists argue that some banks are _____, because they would topple the rest of the economy with them. (Points : 2)
too big to fail
destined for profit
Question 11.11. (TCO 9) _____ is a small or moderate change that essentially leaves the system intact. (Points : 2)
Dramatic system change
A coup d’etat
Question 12.12. (TCO 9) What is the relationship between a high sense of government legitimacy among the people and police officers when legitimacy is high? (Points : 2)
Spending on policing is low.
There are fewer police interfering in civilian life.
Fewer police are needed.
The police must use a particularly heavy hand.
Question 13.13. (TCO 9) What is likely to happen if the people are unhappy and there is no organization to focus their discontent? (Points : 2)
They will almost surely turn to violence.
Not much will happen.
The people will organize themselves, regardless.
They will eventually find other means of achieving contentedness.
Question 14.14. (TCO 9) What are the aims of terrorists via their calculated acts of terrorism? (Points : 2)
To panic their enemies, to gain publicity and recruits, and to get the foe to overreact and drive more people to side with the terrorists
To destroy as much of the economic strength of a nation as possible
To kill national leaders
To kill their enemies, to gain recruits, and to get the UN to overreact and cause more people to side with the terrorists
Question 15.15. (TCO 9) According to Hannah Arendt, the American struggle was indeed a revolution, perhaps history’s only complete revolution, _____. (Points : 2)
because it alone ended with democratic institutions.
because it became an example for other nations.
because it managed to route what was then the great world power.
because it alone ended with a new foundation of liberty instead of the tyranny that came after other revolutions.
Question 16.16. (TCO 9) Does terrorism work? (Points : 2)
Rarely, and seldom without political and/or economic pressure
Rarely, but primarily when brought against democratic nations
Often, and without much need for political pressure to aid it
Often, but only with the assistance of economic and/or political pressure
Question 17.17. (TCO 9) Hannah Arendt pointed out that rage is the fuel of revolution, but what is now the greatest cause of rage? (Points : 2)
The low level of education in developing nations
The enormous economic mismanagement in industrialized nations
The extreme violence utilized by industrialized nations against developing nations
The massive corruption now found in developing lands
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Question 1. 1. (TCO 2) Evaluate Aristotle’s six types of government. In doing so, please be sure to list and define the categorizations. Please then assess how these classifications can be useful today to someone analyzing current governmental structures. (Points: 40)
Question 2. 2. (TCO 3) Explain the relationship between electoral systems and party systems. Answers should be sure to assess this question from the perspective of both proportional representation and single-member districts and provides examples to support your points. (Points: 40)
Question 3. 3. (TCO 6) Socialism has evolved over the centuries from Karl Marx’s original purposed theories. The first change took place with Leninism, and now many liberal societies incorporate a mild form of socialism referred to as social democracy. Your analysis should include a comparison of these forms of government and explain how and why socialism split into these several varieties. (Points: 40)
Question 4. 4. (TCO 8) The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established to bring justice to those committing crimes against humanity, war crimes, or genocide. It was established as an extension of the Rome Statute, and only has jurisdiction over countries that signed this treaty. At this time, the United States is not part of this agreement and thus does not fall under its jurisdiction. Construct an argument for joining such a treaty, detailing the benefits that international treaties may offer their members and which also addresses the possible public concerns over the loss of national sovereignty. (Points: 40)