Nutrition for Diabetes

Nutrition for Diabetes

Nutrition for Diabetes


Diabetes occurs when the blood sugar of an individual is high. The reasons that may bring about this situation vary according to the different types of diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes, for example, is caused by the body forming a resistance to insulin. The body destroys cells in the pancreas. The trigger may come from a Viral or bacterial infection. It may also come from many other triggers for the trigger is not specific. A combination of factors usually causes type 2. The one that mainly contributes to it is family history. Other risk factors that may lead to the cause of Type 2 Diabetes are obesity, aging, and having a poor diet. Illness and pregnancy have a fair chance of contributing to this condition.

Risk Factors

For Type 1 Diabetes, the risk factors that are involved include family history, presence of autoantibodies, a medical history that may consist of viral exposure and location. Some countries have a higher prevalence of Type 1 Diabetes.

In Diabetes type 2, there is a broader range of risks. The risk factors include weight, inactivity, family history, and being black, Hispanic, American Indian, or Asian American. High blood pressure and age also contribute to the risk to a significant degree.


A) Getting involved with more physical activity to lower blood sugar.

B) Eating food that is rich in fiber for it increases the blood sugar control.

C) Consume whole grains for they maintain the blood sugar.

D) Losing bodyweight may go a long way to prevent the development of diabetes.

E) Avoiding fad diets also contributes to the reduction of the chances of getting diabetes.


Symptoms come quicker to people who have type 1 diabetes. Some of the symptoms of diabetes type 1 and 2 are a relatively higher rate of urination, increased thirst, fatigue, irritability, a sharp weight loss, a higher frequency of infections, and heightened hunger.


Type 1 diabetes should get treated with a combination of insulin, exercise, and a diet tailored for diabetes type 1. Type 2 is treated with a combination of a type 2 diet, exercise, and diabetes medication when things grow out of hand.


The possibility of developing long-term complications is also high. Complications are risky developments as one advances in the disease. Some of the difficulties that are involved include cardiovascular disease, nerve damage(Neurotherapy), kidney damage(nephropathy), foot damage, development of Alzheimer’s disease, and skin diseases.


Type 2 diabetes can get monitored using two methods. The first one is using a test called HbA1c (glycosylated hemoglobin test). It paints a clear picture of your average blood sugar level for the previous two months. Another easily accessible one is a home monitor device that can easily get accessed on the market. It is advisable to take a consultation with a doctor to explain how exactly one is to monitor their health.

Diet Modifications

One does not have to entirely limit the eating of the foods they love due to diabetes. A smaller consumption of such foods leads to a more stable approach. A meal plan is unique to different patients for meal plans are made to suit the specific condition of one person. Most people with diabetes need to eat at the same time each day. Others could have more flexible diets.

One should get involved in eating all food groups to stay healthy. The foods are:

Dairy that is low fat or contains no fat

Protein-nuts, fish, eggs, lean meat, and a variety of legumes.


Grains-a minimum of half of all the grains that one should eat are whole grains.

Vegetables- non-starchy and those that are starchy.

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