Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder

Kendall Vreeland

Rasmussen College

COURSE#: PRN1555 Psychosocial Nursing Section 02

Kendall Vreeland

May 17th, 2020



Title: Major Depressive Disorder  

Thesis: Depressive syndrome can be caused by many current factors.



  I.     What exactly is Depression?

A.    Depression, or (major depressive disorder), is quite common and is a very serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you behave.

B.    History of depression

            II.     Depression has many faces

A.    Types of depression

1)    Major Depression

2)    Persistent Depression

3) Manic depression, or bipolar disorder

4) Postpartum Depression

B.    Factors that cause depression

1) Biochemistry

2) Genetics

3) Environmental factors

III.   Effects of depression on the brain

A.     The hippocampus

B.    Amygdala

C. The prefrontal cortex

IV. How is depression diagnosed?

Physical exam

Lab tests

Psychiatric evaluation

          V.     Treating depression

A.    Psychotherapy

B.    Medications

C.    Brain stimulation therapies

D.Untreated depression

         VI.     Demographics of depression

A.    Men

B.    Woman

C.    Teens

D.    Older adults

           VI.     Conclusion

A.    Summarize.



American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), Fifth edition. 2013.

Goldman, L. (2019). Depression: What it is, symptoms, causes, treatment, types, and more. Retrieved from

The National Institute of Mental Health. (2018). Depression. Retrieved from

Morrison-Valfre, M. (2017) Foundations of Mental Health Care. [Bookshelf Ambassadored]. Retrieved from

Major depressive disorder

**Please read the guidelines in their entirety to avoid getting points taken off your paper** 

Each student will be required to write a term paper that contains five full pages (top line of the page through the last line at the bottom of the pages) plus a title page and reference page/pages for a minimum of 7 total pages.  Your term paper must describe a psychological disorder from a biopsychosocial perspective. Students will be required to describe the disorder in terms of symptoms, describe biological, psychological, and social causes of the disorder and include information about treatment.

  • Students will select one psychological disorder when completing Thinking Assignment 1.  You selected one of the following topics:
    • schizophrenia spectrum disorder
    • bipolar I disorder
    • Bipolar II disorder
    • major depressive disorder
    • separation anxiety disorder
    • specific phobia
    • panic disorder
    • hording disorder
    • reactive attachment disorder
    • post-traumatic stress disorder
    • pica in children
    • pica in adults
    • anorexia nervosa
    • bulimia nervosa
    • erectile disorder
    • female orgasmic disorder
    • intermittent explosive disorder
    • alcohol-related disorders
    • opioid-related disorders
    • cluster A personality disorders  (you must pick one: paranoid personality, schizoid personality, schizotypal personality)
  • Symptoms may be described in terms of emotional symptoms, cognitive symptoms, behavioral symptoms, somatic symptoms, and impairment in social and occupational functioning.
    • Biological explanations may include the following: Brain structure and function, genetics, hormones, evolution/natural selection, neurotransmitters (oversupply, under supply, dysfunction)
    • Psychological explanations may include the following: Learning, memory, personality traits, cognition (thought patterns), trauma/stress, emotion/mood
    • Sociocultural explanations may include the following: Gender roles, socioeconomic status, locations (city or rural), school/education, cultural values, poverty
  • Treatment may include medications, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, group therapy, client centered therapy

You will use the same five scholarly (peer reviewed) journal articles that you used when completing the Thinking Assignment 1 (Annotated Bibliography).

NOTE: Books and Websites of any kind are not allowed for this class.

The paper must be formatted entirely in APA formatting following the rules of the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. This includes a title page and reference page/pages with APA formatted references, in-text citations, 12 point Times New Roman font or one of the other fonts permitted by the APA Style (or as determined by your instructor), 1 inch margins on all sides. A minimum of five scholarly (peer reviewed) journal articles must be used to research the information for the paper.

The paper must be written in the student’s own words. The paper may not contain more than two direct quotes. Each quote must be no more than one full sentence.

Each paper will be analyzed using either a Safe Assign or a TurnItIn dropbox. The paper’s originality score must at 25% or lower. Any paper that scores higher than 25% on the originality report will receive a score of a zero. Remember that if you turn in your paper early and your originality score is too high you can revise and resubmit until the due date has passed.  

While personal knowledge/experience may have lead you to select a specific disorder, please do not include personal stories or experiences. This paper must utilize research studies that have studied thousands of individuals.

By submitting this paper, you agree: (1) that you are submitting your paper to be used and stored as part of the SafeAssignâ„¢ services in accordance with the Blackboard Privacy Policy; (2) that your institution may use your paper in accordance with your institution’s policies; and (3) that your use of SafeAssign will be without recourse against Blackboard Inc. and its affiliates.



please watch this video before starting 

Hi Class! This video is from a while ago, so please note that the dates referenced is different. Be sure that as you write your term paper that you have a properly formatted APA title page, reference section, and in-text citations. This video will help you know what I am excepting in terms of term paper content. Good luck!

Major depressive disorder

• An APA style reference citation of Scholarly (peer reviewed) Journal Articles See the Purdue OWL for formatting issues for the Reference List. In particular pay attention to the Reference List: Basic Rules and the Reference List: Author/Authors sections. NOTE: There is no specific information on Purdue OWL for an Annotated Bibliography Assignment. • In Block style aligned on the left margin provide a short paragraph of 100–200 words (3 or 4 sentences) that describes or summarizes the source: It describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question, its distinctive features. It describes the author’s main arguments and conclusions without evaluating what the author says or concludes. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author’s conclusions to the research being conducted. • A short statement about the usefulness of the article: What was the most important concept or idea that you took away from the article about your research topic that you will include in your paper. Your assessment of the article’s usefulness to your research goals. • Finally, press the enter key twice before you start your next citation.