Question 1: How are the four concepts in nursing’s metaparadigm (person, environment, health, and nursing practice) significant to your practice and philosophy of nursing?

Sample Answer
The four concepts in nursing’s metaparadigm (person, environment, health, and nursing practice) are significant to my practice and philosophy in varying ways that collectively compel me to provide compassionate care to my patients. The concept of person ensures a I view my patients as valuable wholesome beings who deserve care, assistance, and respect (Nikfarid, Hekmat, Vedad, & Rajabi, 2018). The environment concept propels me to employ both extrinsic and intrinsic factors that facilitate a healing and caring environment for patients. This approach includes giving reassurance to patients by exercising empathy aside from following the required management intervention. The concept of health entails humans’ capacity to attain supreme consciousness and self-healing (Nikfarid et al., 2018). Through this concept, I am motivated to encourage the patient to be more positive about life in a bid to achieve a better outcome. Nursing practice has a set of ethical codes of conduct that guide the profession. These codes guide my practice as I am bound to offer services that are humanly acceptable.

Question 2: Experts describe nursing as a cycle of nursing research, practice, and theory. Experts also propose that entry into this cycle can be made from any point. Explain your agreement or disagreement with each statement.

Sample Answer
I agree with experts’ statement that nursing is a cycle of nursing research, practice and theory. My agreement with this statement stems from the role of evidence-based practice (EBP) in ensuring effective nursing care. EBP ensures that patients are provided with the most effective care that is based on clinical evidence (Chien, 2019). As such, rigorous research compounded with available theories has to be employed to come up with potentially effective means of practice. The outcome achieved from such results is then fed back into the cycle to advance further research for even more effective and patient-friendly care. Additionally, I agree with the possible entry into the cycle at any point. That is, effective patient care can stem from information primarily obtained from practice, research or theories.

Chien, L.-Y. (2019). Evidence-Based Practice and Nursing Research. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4), e29. doi: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000346.
Nikfarid, L., Hekmat, N., Vedad, A., & Rajabi, A. (2018). The main nursing metaparadigm concepts in human caring theory and Persian mysticism: a comparative study. Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, 11, 6.