Subject: Business / Management
“Before you are a leader, success is all about growing yourself. When you
become a leader, success is all about growing others.”—Jack Welsh
In order to be effective in organizations it is helpful to understand the differences between
leadership and management. Both are important to practice in effective ways to support
organizational goals. Because each has unique functions, relevance and balance is
important. With an overemphasis on management; many organizations have become over
managed and under led especially because we have operated with a mechanistic view of
organizations (Kotter, 1999). Managers ensure a smooth running operation with an
importance on predictability and stability. Leadership challenges the status quo and calls
into question the underlying assumptions evident in the organization as a way of
promoting organizational learning, change and growth.
Consider these differences in function according to Warren Bennis (1989):
Control Long-term view Short-term view Ask what and why
Originate Ask how and when
Initiate Challenge the status quo Accept the status quo Do the right things Do things right Managers are thought to do things right, and leaders are thought to do the right things
(Bennis, 1985; Zaleznick, 1983).
Tremendous crossover exists in functions as many managers provide leadership as well
as many in leadership also engage in management practice. The importance to
organizations is to understand when each is needed in order to support the purpose of the
organization. According to Kotter (1990), organizations need to develop capacity for
leadership throughout the organization. Management deals with complexity and without
the functions of management organizations would not be able to function effectively or
produce outputs consistently. Leadership predominantly deals with change. Management
operates through planning, budgeting, organizing, staffing, and controlling. Strategic Management Strategic management involves considering organizational goals, innovation, potential
collaboration and performance of the firm. Creating a strategy and harnessing significant
resources in order for an organization to maintain a competitive position while promoting
helpful relationships is a continuing challenge. Much of strategy involves decision
making processes, including considering alternatives, competing interests, and timely
Strategic management involves the ability to fit a set of competitive factors, internal and
external to promote high performance (Child, 1972). To find the balance between
organizational resources and the opportunities and challenges in the external environment
is the challenge for creating strategy (Blumentritt and Danis, 2006).
According to Porter (1980), in order to frame thinking around strategy, the following
factors should be considered: Cost leadership, gaining competitive advantage by offering
the lowest cost product; and differentiation, positioning in the marketplace with a certain
identity (Milosevic and Srivannaboon, 2006).
Perhaps the most powerful concept of strategy is recognizing that organizational purpose
should be meaningful and that resources are not only tangible but human and complex.
The collective intelligence, innovation and resourcefulness of an organization are its
people, the most strategic element. According to Wheatley (2001), We are gradually
giving up the paradigm that has dominated Western culture and science for over 300
years-that of the world and humans as machines. Almost all approaches to management,
organizational change, and human behavior have been based on mechanistic images.
When we applied these mechanistic images to us humans, we developed a strangely
negative and unfamiliar view of ourselves. We viewed ourselves as passive, unemotional,
fragmented, and incapable of self-motivation, uninterested in meaningful questions or
good work. (p. 15)
As the world becomes more complex and unpredictable, new aptitudes will be needed by
our managers including the ability to create strategy that is aligned with the purpose and
is adaptable. Recently two CEO’s of successful high tech firms gave a presentation on
what they have learned since expanding their businesses, opening doors into China and
achieving well over billions in sales. Each presenter chuckled at the idea of a strategic
plan as the plans are completely irrelevant after only two months. They instead
recommended that strategy be linked to creating great ideas, constant innovation and
people that can work together well.
Assignment 1 “Provide an example when someone provided the functions of leadership when management was needed or management when leadership was needed.”
Assignment 2 “Discuss the different functions between leaders and managers”
the attached file is for assignment 2.
Lastly, please use the guide for the assignments 1&2 “Is a minimum of eight sentences long
Is on topic
Brings a new ideas, concepts, or perspective to the discussion