Nikola Tesla’s contributions to modern physics

Nikola Tesla’s contributions to modern physics

Nikola Tesla’s contributions to modern physics

This paper forms a theory based on Nikola Tesla’s contributions to modern physics. Tesla was an outstanding physician who revolutionized the worldwith his contributions. He had over 100 patents and numerous unpatented innovations(Burgan 2009). . His concepts are still applicable in the modern day world in electrical appliances such as radios and TVs. Besides, his idea on the Alternating Current (AC) formed the basis of safe home and public lighting. Tesla is one of the most renowned scientists in physics. It is on tesla’s contributions that this paper forms a contextual theory and establishes a causal and effect relationship.

According to Metcalfe, the overuse of some words has resulted to erosion of their meaning such that some words are necessary to clarify the meanings of these overused words. In addition, Metcalfe state that the meaning of the word theory depends on the contextual discipline or field. Interpretation of theory in one field is totally different from the interpretation in another field altogether. Similarly, different researchers have varying interpretations of theory. Metcalfe therefore concludes by stating that even basic words like theory lack a clear definition from researchers and those in authority. It is because of this reason that Metcalfe proposes establishing meaning of words based on the viewpoint of the phenomenon under scrutiny.

Tesla’s theories exhibited some of the characteristics of theories as defined by various scholars. According to Burgan (2009), Tesla’s Theory of Gravity explained the relationship between gravitational force and electromagnetism. This theory provided a model that unified all other fundamental forces such as matter and energy. This theory aimed by explaining and distinguishing the idea of space curving and space timing. Tesla proposal that gravity has field effects made researchers to critique his work. Tesla’ theory attempted to solve the problem of transmission of high frequency and voltage current. This theory provided knowledge on electromagnetic forces and mechanical movements caused by electromagnetic forces acting through the media. However, Tesla did not test this theory nor publish it by the time of his death. Tesla work on dynamic gravity epitomizes classical theories since it had all the characteristics of theories, though it never underwent the final enactment stage.


The word theory has various meanings depending on the phenomenon under consideration and the discipline. Weick (1999) explained a theory as a structure that describes relationships or connections in the phenomenon under consideration. According to him, a theory tries to solve a problem. Eisenhardt (1989) describes a theory as a reasonably coherent brief explanation of a phenomenon. She adds that a theory must be testable to provide evidence. Markus (2002) provided the most simplistic definition of a theory. He stated that a theory is a connection between two ideas. In addition, theory explains why/how things occur. According to Gregor (2002), theories are models, knowledge or frameworks. She argued that theories must include generalizations and a causal relationship between variables.


According to Poizat (2000), praxis is the process through which a theory develops until its acceptance or enactment. Tesla developed his theories through the normal theorizing process and later became universally accepted. One such theory is his free power theory and the Tesla generator. Tesla developed this theory while working at the Westinghouse. The free power theory bases its framework on the meaning of theory as an explanation of a phenomenon or a group of facts that clarifies a phenomenon. According to this definition, theory is a hypothesis confirmed through observation. Tesla’s theory on free power provided explanations on air transmission without connecting to grid. According to his explanations, all that was necessary was a receptor that collected the power and transferred it to bulbs and electrical appliances in houses. The final stage of this theory praxis process occurred when Tesla transmitted millions of electricity volts over a distance of 26 miles. The electricity operated a bank of bulbs thus, confirmed Tesla’s theory.


A hypothesis is aneducated guess of a phenomenon that is yet to be confirmed. Theories develop from a hypothesis or a model. A hypothesis tries to explain the effect of a variable on another or clarifies the current occurrence of a situation without proven solutions. A hypothesis can either be correct or incorrect. Hypothesis must be based on factual information about the phenomenon of interest. All models must have hypothesis since they aim to solve a particular problem.

Dependent variable

Dependent variable is a statistics of interest being influenced by the independent variable. These variables are also known as the endogenous variables since the model determines their values. The model structure must be accurate and based on logical theoretical framework in order to achieve correct results.

Independent variable

Independent variables are also known as the exogenous variables since they are statistics whose values are given outside the model. They are not of interest to the researcher but are critically important in achieving the desired results. The theory’s framework or model determines the number of exogenous variables used.

Antecedent variable

It is a variable used at specific time point that explains a variation in the dependent and independent variables. They explain the relationship between variables in a causal and effect relationships such as during a regression analysis.

Intervening variable

This is a variable that results due to the independent variable and determines the dependent variable. These variables act as intermediary variables between the dependent and independent variables.

Elimination of alternatives explanations

This refers to application of logical reasoning to rule out some explanations in order to remain with the correct details. It involves eliminating the most unlikely explanations then critically examining the remaining options. This method is important because it reduces the risk of arriving at a wrong conclusion or explanation.

Confounding Variable

These are variables that are not of interest to the researcher but that is correlated with the independent variables thus affects the independent variable. These variables may result to wrong conclusions since the obtained result may be due to changes of the confounding but not the independent variables.

Empirical generalizations

This refers to formation of conclusions based on the results obtained from the theory without finer details. Empirical generalization may involve the relationships between variables without finer effects of the causality of the relationship. The researcher makes generalizations from the results of the model.

Deductive reasoning

This refers to working from a general information then developing specific conclusions. It involves a researcher developing specific hypotheses from the general theory. The researcher then narrows down to making observations from specific data that leads to a conclusion of the general theory. This type of reasoning is often referred to as “top-down” approach.

Inductive reasoning

It is the opposite of deductive reasoning since it involves using specific observations to make general conclusions and theories. The researcher observes specific behaviors or measurements then detects patterns in order to formulate hypotheses that might lead to general theories. This type of reasoning is sometimes referred to as “bottom up” approach.


Burgan, M. (2009). Nikola Tesla: Physicist, inventor, electrical engineer. Minneapolis, Min: Compass Point Books.

Poizat, B. (2000). A course in model theory: An introduction to contemporary mathematical logic. New York, NY: Springer.

Posted in Uncategorized

No Middle Ground The Patriarchal Environment In Miltons Paradise Lost

No Middle Ground The Patriarchal Environment In Miltons Paradise Lost

No Middle Ground: The Patriarchal Environment In Milton’s Paradise Lost

On the relationship between Adam and Eve in Paradise Lost, Susanne Woods perhaps states it best when she argues that Milton, for the most part, appropriates his culture’s views on the inferior position of woman. Milton is in the awkward predicament between following cultural and biblical authority while attempting to give Eve a semblance of dignity, respect, and intelligence—a situation which motivates some Milton scholars to work around Milton’s often ambiguous message by asserting that the first marriage is both equal in some aspects while identifying a patriarchal hierarchy in other aspects of the work. A situation particularly difficult to assess are the prelapsarian and postlapsarian conditions of Eve’s inferiority to Adam.

Margaret Thickstun emphasizes Milton’s stance, which in The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce emphasizes that woman was created for the needs of man. As Thickstun contends, this inferior role reveals itself even in the prelapsarian Eden. She suggests that even though Eve departs yet sinless from Adam in Book IX to tend the garden on her own, it is “the independence of Eve’s action, not just the sinfulness of it, for which she is guilty” (74). Thus, Eve’s separation is the disobedience towards Adam before the disobedience of eating the fruit, for Adam clearly warns her to “leave not the faithful side / that gave thee being, still shades thee and protects”/ (9. 265-6). Mary Nyquist argues that many apologetic feminist scholars’ intentions of Adam and Eve’s equality are misplaced in light of the “man/men” noun discrepancies in chapters I and II of Genesis. She also frames her argument around Rachel Speght’s defense of Eve and “the spiritual equality of the sexes” (107) regardless of Eve being the second human formed. Diane McColley comes close to a middle-ground view of the Edenic marriage while foregrounding her argument within an almost apologetic framework. She argues that Adam and Eve are merely growing and responding individuals under a benevolent God, and that Eve’s submission is beneficial to both her and Adam. McColley does pose an important question, however: what is Eve’s motive in the separation scene? Is it obstinacy or productivity? In other words, does one see Eve’s disobedience before or after eating the fruit? Much like McColley, Kristin McColgan contends that Paradise Lost is an intricate “interplay between hierarchy and reciprocity through language and structure” that reveals how both Adam and Eve “exalt[s] not self but other in an idyllic, dynamic relationship” (76). It would be Desma Polydorou, however, who comes closest to my opinion of Paradise Lost as a purely patriarchal masterpiece, as it were. Like Nyquist, Polydorou refers to Speght in her article and contends that Milton frequently overlooks Speght’s biblical examples that depict the marriage as equal. Polydorou examines the pre and postlapsarian conditions of inequality and concludes that “Milton does not share Speght’s commitment” to promoting woman’s equality to man (30). I argue that the first marriage was depicted by Milton in Paradise Lost as a purely patriarchal construct in both pre and postlapsarian modes. As Woods emphasizes, Milton closely adheres to Pauline doctrine as it pertains to the subjugation and inferiority of women in regards to men. As Anne Ferry asserts, Milton was a man who “held with passionate conviction…that the Bible is a record of divinely inspired truth [and] it is the Christian’s duty to interpret and follow, not to contradict and ignore” (113). As Indeed, Milton’s according absolute authority to the Pauline scriptures directly influences the verse in Paradise Lost, and as I will show, Milton is expert at returning again and again to the hierarchical Pauline context of patriarchy, be it subtly or overtly. Through this analysis I will illustrate how Milton designed the epic to conform to a biblical patriarchal hierarchy.

Mary Nyquist describes the last line of the following verse as “stridently masculinist”:

…though both

Not equal, as their sex not equal seemed;

For contemplation he and valor formed,

For softness she and sweet attractive grace,

He for God only, she for God in him…(IV.295-299)

This verse points to a hierarchical concept of Adam and Eve’s paradisal marriage. Line 299 suggests Adam’s superior standing with God alone, while Eve must somehow touch God through Adam. Eve is made of and for Adam; therefore she is subordinate to him. Indeed, Milton even tells us that they are not equal in line 296, and while Adam is replete with intellectual prowess and valor, Eve is for Adam’s eyes a comfort. Line 298, then, refers back to Milton’s Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce wherein woman is created for the needs of man, be they physical or mental. Later (in IV.490) Eve says she sees “How beauty is excelled by manly grace / And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.” These lines not only imply the superiority of “manly grace,” but that man’s wisdom is good enough without the aid of woman’s intellect. Nevertheless, Adam has an answer to Eve’s admission of “inferiority” wherein he declares his knowledge of Nature’s intention to make Eve “th’ inferior,” yet he is in awe of her wisdom and beauty, “As one intended first, not after made…/ (VIII.540-555). In an answer to this evaluation by Adam, Raphael tells Adam in so many words to be wise and self-assured, thus “The more she will acknowledge thee her head” (VIII.574). What we have here is Milton using a character, (Adam) to interrupt the hierarchy that Milton wishes to impose. In comes Raphael to shore up Milton’s efforts. This divergence of wills can be seen frequently in Paradise Lost, especially between Raphael and Adam, and Adam and Eve. To this end, we see Milton playing with the idea of Eve’s subjection between characters. Eve is amenable to the idea while Adam cannot quite grasp the idea because he finds her so perfect. It is only when Raphael admonishes Adam of his folly that Milton’s own patriarchal adherence becomes clear, even though Adam dismisses Raphael’s concern:

So much delights me as those graceful acts,

Those thousand decencies that daily flow

From all her words and actions mixed with love

And sweet compliance, which declare unfeigned

Union of mind, or in us both one soul;

Harmony to behold in wedded pair

More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. (VIII.600-606)

This verse reveals Adam to be ardently besotted with Eve, and indeed can find no wrong in her person. Milton does, of course, defend his stance on patriarchy in line 603 where Eve is depicted as a loving, compliant woman. Yet he has Adam declare that he and Eve are but one soul, harmonious in marriage. This reciprocity refers to McColgan’s assertion that Adam and Eve complete each other in “an idyllic, dynamic relationship” (76). Even so, the reader can almost taste the disaster to come due to Adam’s wish to be equal with Eve, while Milton adroitly, and repeatedly, tips the scales in favor of patriarchy.

According to Ferry, Milton accomplishes this by taking Genesis and certain New Testament scripture, “shape[s] what he c[an] not change,” and makes decisions on choices that are allowed him (113). It would seem, then, that Milton competently molds his epic to follow closely those scriptures that enjoin patriarchy. A biblical verse that perhaps influenced Milton, for he “was married according to this rite in 1642” (Ferry 115), is the Pauline doctrine addressed to married couples:

Ye women, submit your selves unto your own husbands,

as unto the Lord: for the husband is the wives head, even

as Christ is the head of the Church…so likewise let the

wives also be in subjection unto their own husbands in

all things…let the wife reverence her husband…ye wives,

submit your selves unto your own husbands… (KJV)

And the Pauline doctrine continues,

For the man is not of the woman, but the woman of the


For the man was not created for the woman’s sake: but

the woman for the man’s sake. (1 Cor. 11:10-13)

Of course, this last verse correlates with the poem’s most oft quoted line, according to Ferry, “He for God only, she for God in him” (IV.299). As I mentioned earlier, this is a direct implication of Eve’s “second in line” status, and does indeed reflect back to the Corinthian scripture above. While Adam appears to accede to this doctrine, “For well I understand in the prime end / Of Nature her th’ inferior, in the mind / And inward Faculties…” (VII.540-42), when it comes down to it, Adam does not want to believe it,

yet when I approach

Her loveliness, so absolute she seems

And in her self compleat, so well to know

Her own, that what she wills to do or say,

Seems wisest, vertuousest, discreetest, best;

All higher knowledge in her presence falls… (VIII. 546-551)

As Ferry contends, after this verse Raphael reproofs Adam for his vagaries, and had the discussion ended with the reproof, we would not get what Ferry refers to as a reflection of Milton’s “divorce tracts [which] praise the ‘sweet and mild familiarity of love,’ the ‘fit union of their souls’ between man and wife” (124). This verse to which Ferry refers is Adam’s answer to the angel’s reproof wherein “Adam rephrases his feelings for Eve to make clear that they ‘subject not’” (124). Ferry contends that “Adam’s speech is therefore the culmination of Milton’s efforts to lift Eve’s unfallen nature out of the place assigned to it in the Old and New Testaments” (124). It is also an effort by Milton to express his own views of marriage in the poem, according to Ferry, and while Adam and Eve’s marriage is “the fulfillment of ideal human experience” (125), I suggest that Milton only reveals this ideal in order to show in Book IX how damning the Fall really is.

If the paradisal marriage of Adam and Eve is patriarchal, the postlapsarian one is even more so. Full of blame and self-serving verses of confession, Books IX and X bring to fruition the true status of women during Milton’s time. Both blaming the other for their inadequacies, Adam and Eve quarrel as Eve asks Adam why he let down his guard,

Being as I am, why didst not thou the head

Command me absolutely not to go,

Going into such danger as thou saidst?

Too facile then thou didst not much gainsay,

Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.

Had thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent,

Neither had I transgressed, nor thou with me. (IX. 1155-1161)

Her blame is met with certain disdain from Adam, who rues the day he trusted her to work alone,

Thus it shall befall

Him who to worth in women overtrustingLets her will rule; restraint she will not brook,

And left to herself, if evil thence ensue,

She first his weak indulgence will accuse. (IX. 1182-1186)

The last verse depicts woman as irresponsible, weak, and too curious for her own good. One may also question whether Milton was familiar with Joseph Swetnam’s 1615 publication of The Araignment of Lewde, idle, froward, and unconstant women which determined that women had an “inherent evil nature” (Polydorou, 24). Swetnam’s misogynistic treatise was not lost on Rachel Speght, whose 1617 publication A Mouzell for Melastomusi directly responded to his rant. Swetnam’s contention that women are inherently evil leads me full circle to address McColley’s query as mentioned earlier—what is Eve’s real motive for separating from Adam as they worked the garden? Is it obstinacy or productivity? I would argue that it is a bit of free will combined with curiosity, for Eve knows they will be tempted, and she knows of the Tree of Knowledge. Her curiosity can only be resolved if she disobeys Adam’s first command to not go and this she does. As Adam says, she is free to exercise her will, but she will be better served if she uses her God given reason,

But God left free the will, for what obeys

Reason, is free, and reason he made right,

But bid her well beware, and still erect,

Least by some fair appearing good surprised

She dictate false, and misinform the will

To do what God expressly hath forbid. (IX. 351-356)

Thus, Eve transgresses not only God, but her husband as well. This is the first disobedience; eating the fruit is the second.

In this paper I have attempted to show how Adam and Eve’s relationship in Paradise Lost is not an egalitarian one, before or after the Fall. Middle ground analyses do not explain Milton’s defense of the biblical Pauline doctrine of marriage, and feminist versions do little to persuade those who view Paradise Lost as a work reflecting the culture of Milton’s time. To this end, I would argue that Milton artfully designed his epic to conform to biblical patriarchal hierarchy while making sure that readers of Paradise Lost acknowledged that the work could be read as a scriptural truth.

Work Cited

Anderson, Douglas. “Unfallen Marriage and the Fallen Imagination in Paradise Lost.” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900. 26.1, The English Renaissance. (Winter, 1986), pp. 125-144.

Ferry, Anne. “Milton’s Creation of Eve.” Studies in English Literature (Rice). 28.1 (Winter, 1988), p. 113, 20 p.

McColgan, Kristin Pruitt. “Abundant Gifts: Hierarchy and Reciprocity in Paradise Lost.” South Central Review, 11.1 (Spring, 1994), pp. 75-86.

McColley, Diane Kelsey. “Free Will and Obedience in the Separation Scene in Paradise Lost.” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, 12.1, The English Renaissance (Winter, 1972), pp. 103-120.

Milton, John. Paradise Lost. The Complete Poetry and Essential Prose of John Milton. Ed. William Kerrigan, John Rumrich, & Stephen Fallon. New York: Modern Library, 2007. Print.

Nyquist, Mary. “The genesis of gendered subjectivity in the divorce tracts and inParadise Lost. Re-membering Milton: Essays on the Texts and Traditions.Ed. Mary Nyquist and Margaret W. Ferguson. New York: Methuen, 1987. 99-127. Print.

Polydorou, Desma. “Gender and Spiritual Equality in Marriage: A Dialogic Reading of Rachel Speght and John Milton.” Milton Quarterly, 35.1 (Mar. 2001), p. 22 11 p.

Thickstun, Margaret O. Fictions of the Feminine. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1988. Print.

Woods, Susanne. “How Free are Milton’s Women?” Milton and the Idea of Woman. Ed. Julia M. Walker. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1988. Print.

Posted in Uncategorized

Night Summative Assessment Essay Outline

Night Summative Assessment Essay Outline

Night Summative Assessment: Essay Outline


Choose from ONE of the following to write a fully developed, formal literary analysis essay. Show your choice by highlighting your chosen prompt below and by signing to the academic honesty policy below.

Identify one or more symbols, motifs, OR examples of imagery. What role does it/they play in developing the theme of the work?

Note that you must identify the overall theme of the text in order to answer this prompt.

Use evidence from the text (symbols, motifs, or examples of imagery) to argue the theme.

At the end of the memoir, Wiesel writes of looking in a mirror for the first time since leaving the concentration camp. He writes:

“From the depths of the mirror, a corpse was contemplating me.

The look in his eyes as he gazed at me has never left me” (115).

Why is this an effective ending to the text? How does the ending help emphasize the

theme of the text?

Note that you must identify the overall theme of the text in order to answer this prompt.

Use evidence from the text (the quote above as well as other examples) to argue the theme.


*This entire packet is due on: Thursday, 11/19 or Friday 11/20.

*Because this is the foundation for the rest of the essay, it is imperative that you thoroughly complete the outline. Failure to complete the outline will result in a deduction of 10 points on your final draft.

*Putting in the work on this outline will ultimately allow a more efficient transition into writing the essay!

*Remember to have academic integrity for all parts of the essay, including the outline. Students who choose to plagiarize on the final draft will earn a zero. Please type your name below, acknowledging that you understand this policy:

Sign Here

Step #2

Planning the Essay:

Topic/motif: literary analysis of the night by Elie Wiesel

Theme (universal message/lesson learned): inhumanity




Grab your audience’s attention with an intriguing or shocking statement, anecdote, analogy, appropriate and fitting question or quote. Elie Wiesel’s “Night” is a short tale describing the most painful time in human history (1941-1945). In it, Elie raises questions and tries to answer them while internally focusing on the current tribulations. Among the concerns discussed are God’s way of dealing with humanity, that a group may be dealt with atrociously. In contrast, the other group is represented by criminals who remain immune from retribution. This is expressed in his statement regarding witnesses who want to testify that they have no right to rob future generations of knowledge about the past. Elie claims that to forget the dead is tantamount to re-enacting their execution. Elie’s faith in the preservation of humanity is solid and is founded upon the deep conviction that the universe is a Supreme power. The human heart remains adamant that the principle of perfect science is vital. Also, he stresses the importance of forgiveness considerably as he is opposed to people who forget about the tragic events to emphasize the theme.


Provide your audience with some sentences of background information about your topic. Make this topic relevant and interesting for your audience. Do not overly summarize the text. In short: Think of this as a way to blend your hook with your claim statement. In Night, Elie Wiesel explores how countless religious people were heading to death chambers with hollow faces. He sees the Germans putting the little in nocent children in the gas chambers or sending them to the gallows. The essence of this life on earth and creation was why he took an interest in religious studies and religion. When he reaches the concentration camp, he starts to doubt the presence of God. He also thinks that if such great force existed, God would not allow such occurrences, and he would protect the chosen people. As the internal struggle for the faith continues, he insists that “man is bigger, greater than God.” Indeed, most of the camp’s inmates face the same question of God’s reality. It is evident that every person is questioning the very presence of God, weeping, ‘Where is God? ‘Elie is numb and loses faith in God as he feels he will never believe in God. The theme of faith in God, therefore, also goes along with other thematic ideas like faith.

Claim Statement (Final sentence of intro. paragraph):

In night is used in the book as a metaphor for death, the soul’s darkness, and lack of faith. It comes up repeatedly as an image. And when the scene is set during the day, the night may be invoked. Remember all the horrible things that happen at night: Mrs. Schächter has her dreams of flames, hell, and death; Eliezer and his father arrive at Auschwitz and see the smokestacks and stand in line all night long with the scent of death in their noses; the night the soup tastes like corpses; they walk through long nights and, piled on top of each other, smothering each other to death. As Eliezer himself says, “The days were like nights, and the nights left the dregs of their darkness in our hearts” (7.22). The night is also a metaphor for how the soul was immersed in pain and hopelessness.

Elie offers a comprehensive account of the deplorable conditions faced by refugees who have been imprisoned against their will in the Nazi concentration camp. He vividly recalls the babies’ brutal slaughter that Nazi soldiers threw in the gas chambers and mercilessly murdered. He also does not fail to note the paralyzing terror that hit all the detainees during transfer to another concentration camp. His account of the gruesome changes shows that many prisoners have lost their lives. Elie referred to the mass killing of Jews as a barbaric act that he could not rationalize. In his disillusioned condition, Elie resorted to the sarcasm with which he congratulated Hitler for keeping his pledge to rid Germany of vermin, citizens of Jewish descent (Wiesel 80). Elie found reassurance and comfort in the fact that his dad stayed at his side for years of hard work; however, he struggled to understand why God allowed such inhumanity to endure.

Claim Statement Frames–use these sentence starters to guide your essay focus:

1. In Night, Elie Wiesel applies, argues, describes, explains, explores _________________(Context–MOTIF/SYMBOL/EXAMPLES OF IMAGERY)______________ to support/develop/emphasize the theme _____________________________________.

2. The theme of __________________in Night, by Elie Wiesel, is developed/described/explored through ____________ (context–MOTIF/SYMBOL/EXAMPLES OF IMAGERY)__________________.


Body Paragraph # 1. Write the paragraph’s main idea. All of the sentences in this paragraph should support this main idea.

Elie responded to Jewish mass murder as a barbarous act he could not rationalize. In his frustrated situation, Elie used the sarcasm with which he thanked Hitler for having retained his undertaking to rid Germany of vermin, Jewish descent people and he was encouraged by the fact that his father had remained with him for years of toil, but struggled to understand why God allowed this inhumanity to persist.


TOPIC SENTENCE Begin with a direct sentence that states the topic of the paragraph.

**This should be an opinion (no “I”!). Elie suggests that people ought to consider negative aspects of the experience to avoid making errors in the present and future. Finally, the last appeal for Elie involves people who would prefer non-violent alternatives to violent explosions leading to death. The security of mankind is unchangeable and is based on a firm conviction that the world is ruling by the Supreme Power. The book material should not be focused on technical study, but is based on memories of experiences and their cognitive assessment (Wiesel) It must be remembered.

BLEND + EXAMPLE Blend your first direct quote. This is also known as “the says” section of an academic Paragraph.

**Use Blending Methods #1-#3. Remember to CITE the quote!

“Quote…” (Wiesel 23). You may refer to Slide Decks 10/1-10/2 and 10/5 – 10/6 to help you review how to blend, quote, and cite properly. At the end of the memoir, Wiesel writes of looking in a mirror for the first time since leaving the concentration camp. He writes:

“From the depths of the mirror, a corpse was contemplating me.

The look in his eyes as he gazed at me has never left me” (115).

Why is this an effective ending to the text? How does the ending help emphasize the theme of the text?

EXPLANATION Explain how your example supports your topic sentence and claim. This is also known as the “means” section. **You may refer to Slide Decks 10/26 – 10/27 to see the student models for our first Academic Paragraph Assignment (from The Kite Runner unit) to help you review how to organize your body paragraphs. With this picture, Wiesel leaves us at the end of his career, and it is a haunting vision in which Wiesel no longer recognizes the individual before him. By identifying himself as a skeleton, Wiesel also reveals that he is living death; merely being alive does not mean that his soul or humanity has survived. That Wiesel separates himself from this corpse is also a strong way to indicate that his conscience did not know this being before him; whatever had happened in the death camps deprived him of his sense of self.


Transition to your next piece of evidence.

**Consider using one of these TRANSITIONAL PHRASES to the right.


To compare or link similar ideas: also, moreover, in addition, furthermore, likewise…

To contrast ideas: however, nevertheless, on the other hand, although, conversely, neither…nor, and yet…

To indicate time: meanwhile, eventually, while, ultimately…

To show cause and effect: therefore, as result, thus, unless, in order to…

To add information: moreover, furthermore…



RESTATE THE TOPIC Bring the topic of your paper back to your audience’s attention. Emphasize the importance of this topic. Elie is against people forgetting the horrific events that occurred. Elie argues that people need to consider unpleasant aspects of the experience to avoid making mistakes in the present and future.

RESTATE CLAIM Using different words, restate your claim and your key points (not every point…your MAIN points). This should be a brief summary of what you’ve already written, but written in a fresh and entirely new way. Finally, Elie’s last plea is about people preferring nonviolent solutions over violent outbursts that result in the loss of life. The protection of the human race is unwavering and is founded on a strong belief in the presence of the Supreme Power ruling the universe.

FINAL THOUGHT Provide your audience with a final thought that brings the reader full circle. This can be a call to action, a reference back to something in the introduction, an insight into something larger, or a theme. It should be remembered that books’ content is not focused on technical research; however, it is based on memories of experiences and their cognitive evaluation. He remembered vividly the horrific killing of the babies which Nazi soldiers threw in and mercilessly killed in gas chambers. He also states the paralysing fear that afflicted all the prisoners when they were transferred to another concentration camp. His account of the horrific changes suggests that many inmates have died.

Posted in Uncategorized

Nimble Storage PESTEl Analysis

Nimble Storage PESTEl Analysis

Nimble Storage PESTEl Analysis




Nimble storage is a technological company that majors in a flash storage solution. Nimble Storage organization is growing rapidly with its hybrid storage solutions and high capacity flash and drives that are integrated gaining market recognition. The drives are of all sizes and are characterized with better performance, storage capacity and come with affordable prices of company storage. Nimble storage has a mission, and a vision whereby earning global recognition and success is one of its goals. This cannot be achieved easily. An analysis of the external factors that affect the business will be crucial. Nimble needs to be successful with the employees in various locations having a good working environment to become productive. Since the organization aims at going global, it has to consider the external factors of each company that it will operate in.

From the company’s creation, Nimble has taken important steps to see itself at the top. The Smart Stack is the first implementation by Nimble which has seen it in being a global organization. It allows products to be created for the customer’s needs and proof of the testing and the initiation of their storage program is always proof tested and validated to ensure it has met the defined VDI storage workload. Also, with the Pan-European agreement with Ingram Micro, a global leader in IT supply chain, Nimble Storage is expected to grow rapidly since recently there was a Pan European agreement with Ingram micro (Bahrami, 2015). Nimble is expected to skyrocket in the competitor market.

Business Analysis

Many companies have decided to go international because of globalization which has been enhanced by improved technology, favourable legal factors, political stability, social-cultural trends, laws that are a favorable and stable economy. It is not easy to move a company from an ethnocentric setup to a geocentric setup.

Because it is hard, the first sted that Nimble storage needs to do is to conduct research. Researching on different cultures that exist in other countries will help the management to understand how to go with the different culture. Each culture has a preference be it on price storage among other factors. Understanding this will help nimble storage to penetrate new markets. Also learning the about the culture of other places will alleviate how employees will adapt to the new place since they have heard of the place. Focus groups in Nimble storage should be the one to give this information about the places they have been to, the experience there, and if the place is safe for the company to grow big,

It is also important for Nimble to learn about the location they are going to set up a new branch. For instance, if the place is prone to floods, drought and other natural calamities. The population of the are is also crucial since it determines the size of the company whether it is going to be big or small. Besides population also the economy of the place is important. There are some places with good populations but they become unfavorable for businesses similar to Nimble since the number of the poor is very high compared to the rich. According to Charmayne Smith, “A business’s location is key to successful operations and overall growth. When choosing your location, consider company needs, customers, employees and equipment needed to complete the services” (Smith, n.d.). Maybe the majority of the population do not understand what a computer is thus it won’t make sense of setting a company in such a place.

Nimble should understand that every country, state and city as laws. For instance, there are laws on taxes and incentives, laws on age of retiring, regulation on what to sell and what not to sell. If nimble storage gets to understand the products that are illegal in the country of interest, the company will not authorize the selling of a given product in such a location. Maybe Brazil does not allow the sale of certain computer hardware then due to assumptions Nimble hoes there, and they are returned back.

The business culture of the United States differs very widely with that of Brazil. Brazil has a culture known as “Jeitinho Brasileiro” meaning The Brazilian Way,” that is doing a process or procedure process for someone to reach something desired in spite of contrary determinations (laws, orders, rules, etc.)” (Mello, 2012). In the book there is an example; “Far ahead, he sees a co-worker in the number two spot in the line… the guy will insidiously skip the line, pretending he will talk to his colleague” (Mello, 2012). According to Brazilians, there is always a way out, and it is not a must for one to follow the right protocol. It is important to understand this culture for the employees to identify themselves with the Brazilians.

There are political trends that will affect or dictate how a business runs especially a foreign business. Political instability is a key factor for a company to note when researching political factors affecting a country. For example, although far reached, an aggressive takeover could overthrow a government. It could lead to riots, looting and general disorder in the environment, which I return will greatly affect business operations. (PESTEL Analysis, 2015). This kind of behaviour can also affect a business’s day to day operations because some of the employees may be involved, hurt, or mentally unstable.


External factors have significant effects on an organization; thus one needs to understand them very well before setting up a firm. Among the factors have been listed above. Not all the factors will affect the organization since they vary from country to country. From the excel sheet, we can tell that there are some factors which are favourable for business growth including technological inventions and the hardworking culture of the Americans. Of all the factors that may affect business, the political trends are amongst the most important and the least predictable element of the business environment. Some countries are democratic; thus Nimble should consider such factors since people are used to deciding for themselves. Therefore, regarding a recommendation for surviving the natural calamities such as hurricanes in the U.S and political risk of a global company is to consider buying insurance because such insurance enables the business to rebuild after it has been exposed to risk. Also, the company should have agents employees from the community where the company is located to enhance interaction and building customer relations since they are aware of the place(PESTEL Analysis, 2015). It is good to take go global and take the risk in business.


Nimble is at a better place to go global since it has already established the markets domestically. If the company stays keen on the PESTEL factors in every region, then there are very high chances of gaining global recognition in many countries across the world. Some of the PESTELs can be changed whereas some cannot. Besides the external factors, the company should also look into internal factors since it affects the company.


Bahrami, H (2015, June 10). Nimble Storage: Scaling Talent Strategy Amidst Hyper-Growth. Retrieved from

Mello, J. (2012, March 26). The Brazilian way of doing things. Retrieved from

PESTEL Analysis. (2015, February 24). Political Factors Affecting Business. Retrieved from

Smith, C. (n.d.). Why Is the Location of a Business Important? Retrieved October 26, 2017 from

Posted in Uncategorized

Nikes brand image and sources of brand equity in the United States

Nikes brand image and sources of brand equity in the United States

Nike company





Nike’s brand image and sources of brand equity in the United States

The increased demand for the products in the sporting clothing market in USA over the last 20 years provided a great opportunity for Nike Shoe Company. This economic situation provided a very good environment for Nike brand to take root very quickly due to its availability and affordability (Booch, 1996).

Nike’s efforts to become a global corporation

These include such factors as climate and weather changes in a period. Changes in environment are hard to determine or control and they have greater impact on businesses either directly or indirectly. The environmental plan exhibited by Nike has helped in building very strong public relations and has enticed many customers and investors (Bigelow, 1980). Nike shoes are greener and more ethical as compared with other products in the USA market. Nike shoes are easier to recycle, and the solvent use of reduced by over 85% when compared with other brands like tiger and Adidas.

Nike has benefited from product development. This gives Nike the opportunity of its products not becoming unfashionable before they wear out. Building of strong global brand recognition is another opportunity of developing the business internationally. Emerging markets like china and India has new generations of consumers so penetrating such markets is a great opportunity. Worked cup and world Olympic events are well positioned to market Nike brand. Increased female participation in athletics is an opportunity for the aerobic female wear product from Nike. Expiration of new technology and innovation makes Nike to remain top in the market.

What Nike should do different to defend its position

Nike has a lot of competitors as far as sportswear industry is concerned. The companies have expanded globally due to emergences of internet marketing and e-commerce. Competition is fierce particularly in footwear industry and the competitors who dominate the market do so with strategic marketing, strong brand identity, aggressive sales, and very high capital expenditure (Booch, 1996). The recent emergency of Adidas-Reebok merge has posed a lot of challenge to Nike. Nike had dominated the footwear market in US making then a dominate force worldwide. However, with the recent merger of Adidas and Reebok has posed a threat to Nike market share.


Nike should keep on with the pace of techno innovation. This will improve its products differentiation and increase the customer base. Innovations of foot wear for the athletics that makes runner fill like they are bear footed will compete Adidas and other brands which produce products which are heavy.


Marketing will help the company to increase sales and reduce costs. Utilization of internet for marketing will provide Nike with an intangible asset such as market research and consumer buying trends. Through data retrieved from consumer’s Nike will be able to analyze and monitor the buying behaviors. Market research helps them to generate data to be used in analyzing the market trends to organize promotions and marketing campaigns (Bigelow, 1980).


Nike has no problem with the price, this is because it acts as prices setter alongside Adidas and Reebok. Nike sells its products at whatever price because of an inelastic demand for its products. Expensive promotions don for Nike produced tuned consumers to believe that Nike produces quality products, which are worthy whichever price they will charge. More so, Nike does not gain competitive advantage through the prices they charge customers.

Works cited

Bigelow, J. (1980) Strategies of Evolutionary and Revolutionary Organizational Change,Academy of Management Proceedings, 4p, 1 diagram.

Booch, G. (1996) Object Solutions: Managing the Object Oriented Project, Addison-Wesley,London UK.

Nike: Building a global brand.

Posted in Uncategorized

Nike Inc Organization Profile Part I

Nike Inc Organization Profile Part I

Nike Inc Organization Profile: Part I




Nike Inc. Organizational Profile: Part I

Nike Inc. is one of the leading apparel company in the world having been able to establish themselves in various parts of the world. In looking at organizational conflict I did feel it would be best as it has had several controversies. Nike was a company that was established in January 25th, 1964 but during its establishment it was referred to as Blue Ribbon Sports. Phi Knight who was a track and athlete student at the University of Oregon and he did collaborate with his coach Bill Bowerman (Meyer, 2019). When the company initially begun, it’s main point of operation was in Eugene Oregon and acted as a distributor for shoes for a Japanese apparel company that was the Onitsuka Tiger and they were able to make successful sales. The first Nike shoe is said to have been made by the Coach for one of his students. This paper generally will examine Nike Inc. by looking at one of its organizational conflict and how they were able to solve it.

When Blue Ribbon Shoes opened its doors to start selling Japanese shoes they sold 1300 pairs that year grossing $8000. They rose each year and by 1965, they had increased their sales to $20,000. In 1966, that is when they were first able to open their retail stores Santa Monica in California and also expanding their business in Massachusetts. By 19671, their relationship with Onitsuka had ended and they were now ready to open up their line of footwear’s and it is at this point that they also rebranded their named from BRS to Nike. Their logo would be rebranded by Carolyn Davidson and this new swoosh was first used by 1971, June 18. The Swoosh was registered with U.S Patent and Trademark Office in the year 1974.

Nike kicked off their brand and they really did focus on advertising a key factor that helped in their product placement in the market and in helping people know about them. In j1976, Nike hired John Brown and Partners, which was an advertising agency that was based in Seattle to do the campaign for them. The first brand Ad that was created for the company was “There is no Finish line” however in this advertisement there were no Nike products shown, the advertisement however was really important in placing Nike on the competition field with other apparel lines especially the shoes. As of 1980, Nike already had 50% market share in the United States when it came to the athletic shoes and it is that same year that they were able to go public.

Nike wanted to spread their wings into the market now that they had went public and in order to achieve this they hired another advertising agent. Wieden + Kennedy would end up being Nike’s main advertising agency creating all their television as well as their print ads. The founder of the agency was Dan Wieden who is accredited to having created the slogan “Just Do It” that officially debuted in July 1st 1988. Wieden got the slogan as an inspiration from Gary Gilmore last words “Let’s do it” just before his execution (Nayat, 2017). In the 1980’s Nike were able to expand their retail stores in various parts of the world. Aside from shoes, they were able to expand their products to include other sports equipment’s including street fashion that encompassed socks, men boxers, sweat pants, among so many other things. They are one of the highest ranked companies when it comes to the sale of sporting merchandise.

Nike just as any company has good as well as bad publicity. Early 1990s, there emerged allegations that Nike were using child labor in their factories in Pakistan as well as Cambodia which were companies that were contracted to manufacture their soccer balls. Although it was Nike directly but rather the company that they had contracted, their image was still heart. The company did take a few measures to ensure that this practice stooped, they still continued contracting countries located in regions that do not seem to have enough regulation when it comes to child labor. The company they had contracted in Cambodia was featured in a BBC documentary in 2001, a documentary that did feature six girls that worked in these factories for all the seven days, 16 hours a day. Another incidence was the strike in China in the year 2014. The workers who were working for Yue Yuen a company that was manufacturing shoes including for Nike were underpaying their workers as they were paying them l250 yuan which was an equivalent of $40.82 per month.

In looking at the history of Nike company, it is important to discuss their Just Do It campaign by Colin Kaepernick a controversial NFL player. Kaepernick had faced backlash for taking a knee during singing of the National anthem as a sign of protest against racial injustices especially police brutality against the African Americans. He was dropped out of the NFL and when Nike decided to use him for their advertisements, there was a lot of conversas around the advertisement with those who were against his kneeling bashing the organization. Despite the many controversies this paper will focus on one organizational conflict which was dropping of Allyson Felix for being pregnant.


Meyer, J. (2019, August 15). History of Nike: Timeline and

Nayak, T. (2017). ” Just Do It”@ Ad Campaign: The Case of Nike Inc. Globsyn Management Journal, 11. Facts. Retrieved from

Posted in Uncategorized

No Puerto Rico Move For Billionaire John Paulson

No Puerto Rico Move For Billionaire John Paulson

No Puerto Rico Move For Billionaire John Paulson


TOC o “1-3” h z u Executive summary PAGEREF _Toc381074927 h 1Brief summary of the article PAGEREF _Toc381074928 h 1Views on the issues PAGEREF _Toc381074929 h 2Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc381074930 h 2

Executive summaryThis article is about John Paulson a billionaire fund manager of SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico. He is the founder and president of Paulso & Co and a native of New York. There are claims in the media of his supposed intentions of moving to Puerto Rico and establishing a residence there but he denied this claims. However, he has considered investing in real estate but has absolutely no plans of making the island his permanent residence. There are also claims of mass exodus from Puerto Rico due to a stagnant economy and crime among other problems (Burton, Ruhle, & Mider, 2013).

Brief summary of the articleThere are various opposing views that are brought out in this article by several parties. The first party is the media. The media has reported severally on John Paulson’s intention to move permanently from New York to Puerto Rico Island. They base their claims on the fact that John Paulson is taking advantage of the changing tax laws and hence the move will help him cut his tax bill. The media support their report by claiming that John Paulson’s company has assets that are worth about $18 billion under its management and therefore the company would benefit if the president moved to the island (Roche La Julia ,2013).This is due to the fact that the new tax law would be of great advantage to John Paulson since as a new resident he would be exempted from tax on the gains in his capital since this is the principal source of income for extremely wealthy investors like John Paulson. The other part which is John Paulson himself denies this claims made in reports by the media. He denies having any intentions of establishing a permanent residence in Puerto Rico. He does not deny having considered real estate investments in the island but has no plans whatsoever of establishing a permanent residence in Puerto Rico.

There is totally different proposal set forth which claims that if John Paulson is really considering making Puerto Rico his home the move would be quite an unusual one. This is because many people have been moving out of Puerto Rico in the recent years due to the fact that the island’s economy has been a stagnant one. In the same island there are problems such as crime among other problems. The population has gone down and it is now 3.7 million. This raises the question as to whether moving to Puerto Rico is a wise decision.

Views on the issuesThe media has a right to report on the views they have on the matter however the person who has the answer is John Paulson himself. Therefore he should be given a chance to defend himself and tell the public his stand on the issue. My view on the issue is that John Paulson should not consider making Puerto Rico his permanent home. This is because many people are leaving the island due to the stagnant economy and other problems then why should he consider going to live let alone invest in such an area.

ConclusionI think John Paulson did not move to Puerto Rico. The change in tax law was not a good enough reason to make him move to the island. He might have considered other factors such as the stagnant economy and other problems facing the island and withdrew any intentions that he had of moving if he had any. He just continued managing SAN JUAN from New York as he was doing before.

Work cited

Burton, Katherine. Ruhle, Stephanie & Mider, Zachary. Bloomberg Businessweek.Billionaire Paulson May Move to Puerto Rico for Tax Break. (2013).Retrieved April 8, 2013 from La Julia. Hedge Fund Billionaire John Paulson Not Defecting To Puerto Rico To Dodge Taxes. (2013).Retrieved April 8, 2013 from

Posted in Uncategorized

NIST Investigation on Collapse of WTC Building

NIST Investigation on Collapse of WTC Building

NIST Investigation on Collapse of WTC Building 7

The discussion around the official NIST investigation team on the WTC building 7 collapses shows their findings as emphasizing on the fact that the fires and plane crushes were the main cause for the collapse of the buildings. They continued further to explain that once the initiation of collapse had been initiated the global collapse of the structure was unavoidable. However other analysts have deferred with this notion and they have categorically stated that the NIST investigation was incorrect since in their report there was no explanation on how the total collapse of the building occurred. As a response to the criticism NIST tried to provide a more technically advance explanation of their initial proposed theory that explained the collapse of the towers initiation while completely trying to remove the fault from the construction of the buildings. In their report they stated that the impact from the planes dislodged the steels insulations, and due to this the steels succumbed to the extreme fires. Portions of the perimeter walls were then pulled by the sagging trusses which resulted in a rapid spread of the perimeters columns being unstable, and in addition contributed to the increased strain on the core columns which had already been weakened by the extreme fires, lastly the floors above the collapse zone produced a tremendous energy that eventually led to the global collapse of the structure.

With the above review of the NIST investigations final report it is clear that their analysis was not confined within the perimeters requirements of an engineering investigations since they exhibit exclusions and biasness on some of their research. Due to this their explanations that mostly revolve around probable collapse sequence do not address any of the relevant issues since it steers clear of the main topics while also stopping at the critical moment of the buildings collapsing, and with this the report avoids explaining the overlap with the time span in which the demolition-like features appear and the longer timeline of the truss-failure theory. Due to these loopholes within their explanations it is right to state that their theory help spark more questions and conspiracy theories on why the building collapsed rather than highlighting the facts like why the collapse had more characteristics of a controlled demolition which are not common in steel framed buildings as was the case of the WTC building 7.

NIST’s report on the event has been challenged as incorrect by many organizations that have viewed their explanations as eluding the truth of conspiracies and evident features of controlled demolitions in the buildings collapse; the independent organizations mainly challenge the NIST theory on its proposal of fire damage and crash effects as the main cause of the collapse, since they see no direct connection between the global collapse and the collapse initiation making the NIST report unrealistic. Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth is an example of organization that is critical of the NIST theory. In their counter argument they point out the fact that it is not possible for the WTC building to have fell at the accelerated speed that was observed without having had several of its columns that support the buildings structure being torn apart by using strategically placed explosives.

In order for the Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth to support their claim they used free fall acceleration point to mid-air pulverization of concrete and lateral ejection of steel during the buildings collapse as their main explanation basis. In addition their explanation continues to clarify that due to the absence of large deformations that often form gradually during a normal collapsing process it is clear that the building was without a doubt destroyed through controlled demolition and from this perspective, the fact that the three WTC buildings fell through what they term as the path which should have had greatest resistance further helps support their explanation of using controlled explosions to remove the critical columns which couldn’t have been achieved through the use of fire as a medium.

Lastly they states that the fact that the north tower’s top got blown outwards during the collapse left no other explanation for buildings collapse if not from a controlled demolition from the inside. Some other evidence that the organization presents to support their case is for example the found un-ignited nano-thermite which is known to be highly flammable and can be used also on explosives. According to my view the credibility of the Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth organizations should not be in question considering the lengths they have gone to uncover the truth, i honestly think their voices should be heard since they might be on to some truth that others would want overlooked.

Posted in Uncategorized

Nissan Way Vs Brazilian Jeitinho Culture

Nissan Way Vs Brazilian Jeitinho Culture

Nissan Way Vs Brazilian Jeitinho Culture





The Nissan Way and the Brazilian Jeitinho culture must have some differences and similarities due to the geographical features and the fact that the two are run by different management/ Similarities might arise because both cultures aim at serving people thus have to do it in the best way possible. A blend of the two cultures can be interesting. The Japanese are always business driven and are strict and very rigid unlike the Brazilian Jeitinho culture.

There are a lot of differences between the “Nissan Way” organizational culture and the Brazilian Jeitinho cultural. To start with, the Nisan way focus on customer satisfaction as a measure of profit and success whereas the Brazilian Jeitinho are of aware of the profit value and need their companies to have maximum profit but do not follow the correct procedures to attain success. The Nissan way appreciates all the procedures in attempt to minimize complains for clients. Jeitinho allows for using shortcuts which are full of errors in order to attain an objective while the Nissan way who have adopted the true Japanese culture prefer taking ages to attain a goal but follow the outlined rules and directions. Nisan way does not involve favors or any bias while doing recruitment. The human resource managements shortlists candidates fairly and conduct their interviews in order to attain highly qualified personnel (Ariss, 2014). The Jeitinho culture is full of favors and corruption to an extent one can be favored to get a job yet not qualified.

Despite the two having differences, they show empathy and welcomes different diversities. Both cultures welcome different opinions thus they can enhance partnership. When the two cultures are joined together, they might clash and conflict can arise because for the Nissan Way the workers need to achieve maximum results and maximize resources unlike the Jeitinho where comfort comes first . Nissan Way culture is good for international or larger business while the Jeitinho is good for smaller business which do not interact with many people.


Ariss, A. A. (2014). Global Talent Management: Challenges, Strategies, and Opportunities. Springer. [Skillsoft eBook]. Retrieved from$15341:_ss_book:76719.


Posted in Uncategorized

Debate Participation Importance of Applied Psychology in the Society today

Debate Participation Importance of Applied Psychology in the Society today

Debate Participation: Importance of Applied Psychology in the Society today



Importance of Applied Psychology in the Society today

Psychology can be defined as an applied and academic field that studies the human mind and behavior. There are numerous research studies done on psychology. The studies aim at understanding and explaining how people think, act and how they feel, both mentally and physically. Applied psychology is the use of the several psychological principles to try deal with issues, especially the negative ones that affect the daily lives of people.

Applied psychology is very important in the growth of the society today because it is of great essence that people know their mental fitness and have it monitored if their enormous performance at work is to be seen (Davey, 2011). This means that doctors have a big role in making sure they understand the behavior of people and check on their medical backgrounds before they embark on critical assignments. The values and theories of psychology help a great deal in overcoming many problems, in the cases of people with huge capabilities, but are useless or unproductive because of their difficulties back at home. This would include drilling and regular counseling which helps the victims have a different and better perspective of their lives.

Many problems at the work place and in families are not medical and so they only need some psychotherapy, which can be done by personal doctors, those that have treated someone or members of the family for a long time and have information about its history. It has come to be one of the only treatments that would not require medication, but psychoanalysis, just opening up to someone and letting them give their views and propositions of how to handle stress and come out of it. Psychiatric therapy is not only important for the working class, but also necessary for the young generations. There is a rise in cases of children who grew up in dysfunctional families and have grown to show traits of distressful youth lives. They also need a lot of counseling to enable them to become what they dream to be.

Therefore, applied psychology is of key importance as not all problems that affect people in the society today are medical. There is a need for more doctors and specialists trained to handle cases related to stress. This is because the number of people who require special and urgent attention is also rising. There should also be a number of fields which would deal with different types of such cases (Burtt, 2011).


Davey, G. 2011. Applied Psychology. John Wiley & Sons.

Burtt, H. E. 2011. Applied psychology. Prentice-Hall.

Posted in Uncategorized